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History of Italy :
- Italy was a part of the Roman Empire, which was founded in around 753 BC. The empire was formally dissolved in 476 AD.
- With the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Italy came under the control of the Ostrogoths.
- In the 6th century, Italy briefly came under Byzantine Emperor Justinian
- The medieval period witnessed the origin of The Renaissance in Italy.
- The 19th century witnessed the unification of Italy.
- In 1915, Italy joined the Allies in the World War I and in 1922, Fascist leader Mussolini formed the government
- In 1940, Italy joined Germany in World War II.
- In 1946, Italy became a Republic after people voted against monarchy.
Geography of Italy :
- Italy is a peninsula in southern Europe, jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea, along with its two large islands, Sicily and Sardinia.
- The boot-shaped nation borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia across its northern boundaries.
- The rest of Italy borders only the Mediterranean Sea, though it is at a short distance from Croatia, Greece, and parts of northern Africa.
- The independent States – San Marino and Vatican City – are located within Italy.
- An Italian exclave is located in Switzerland and is called Campione d'Italia.
- Major mountain ranges, the Alps and the Apennines, span across the country.
- Major rivers in Italy are the Po, the Arno, and the Tiber.
- Italy is also home to 14 volcanoes, though only three are active: Etna, Pompeii and Herculaneum
- Italy has a Mediterranean climate, and has a long coastline and many beaches.
People and Culture :
Italy is perhaps best known for its cheese and wine, with many culinary specialties like pasta, pizza, and panini, and other regional specialties that can be sampled around the country. Vineyards are found up and down the country, often in the cities or regions after which the wine varieties are named.
Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and many famous sculptors, painters and composers were born on this land. The official language of the country is Italian, which is spoken by about 93 per cent of the population. There are a number of dialects spoken in the country, including Sardinian, Friulian, Neapolitan, Sicilian, Ligurian, Piedmontese, Venetian, and Calabrian.
In case you are craving for more tidbits on the arts, attire, food and other aspects of Italy, check out this page on culture and traditions in Italy.
Italy Travel Facts :
- Rome, the capital city, has a famous historical site around every corner, from the Colosseum to the Pantheon and the Vatican.
- Florence has famous landmarks and works of art housed in its museums.
- The city of Venice, located in the northeastern part of Italy, is one of the most popular tourist attractions listed as a World Heritage Site.
- Venice is also known for its canals offering gondola rides and an array of romantic restaurants.
- Italy has 7,400 kilometers (4,600 miles) of coastline and boasts of having most beaches in Europe. It also has 27 marine parks.
- Italy is one of the most cave-pocked countries in the world. It has more than 35,000 cavities above the ground and there are thousands of them underwater
Top Italy Attractions :
Leaning Tower of Pisa: The tower was built over a period of 177 years. Its construction started in 1173 and soon it began to tilt due to a poorly laid foundation. The tower was completed in the late 14th century and since then has become one of the greatest attractions of the world.
Pompeii: A thriving city some 2,000 years ago, Pompeii was destroyed and buried when the Vesuvius volcano erupted on 79 AD. The town was covered by ash and soil, and was preserved in its state from that day. Today, Pompeii is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy.
The Colosseum: Situated in Rome, the Colosseum is one of the largest and most famous amphitheaters that reminds the world of the Roman Empire.
The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore: Situated in Florence, the construction of this beautiful cathedral began in 1296 and completed in 1436.
Positano: It is a small town located on the Amalfi Coast. It is known around the world for its scenic landscape, rugged terrain, and picturesque towns.
Since Italy is a traveler’s delight, you should not miss out on some of the interesting tourist attractions.
- Mount Etna in Sicily is the world's most active volcano.
- Saint Peter's Basilica at the Vatican is the largest Christian church in the world.
- Regions in Italy have their own dialects, which are quite different from standard Italian. The contemporary Italian, which the people speak, is based on the Florentine dialect.
- Milan, the second largest city in Italy, is one of the big four fashion capitals in the world. Major Italian fashion houses include Gucci, Armani, Versace, Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, and Valentino.
- There are two independent states within Italy - the Republic of San Marino and the Vatican City
- National parks in Italy include Alta Murgai National Park, the Gargano National Park and the Abruzzo National Park.
- Mont Blanc de Courmayeur, at 15771 feet, is the highest peak in the country. Other important peaks are Mt. Etna, Punta La Marmora, Ortles, Gran Paradiso, and Matterhorn.
- The oldest university in the Western world, dating back to 1088, is the University of Bologna.
- Italy is divided into 20 regions, and further divided into 110 provinces and 8,100 municipalities.
- Grotta Gigante holds the Guinness World Record for largest accessible cave on Earth. It is 850 meters (2,788 feet) wide, with 500 steps that descend 100 meters (328 feet) into the earth.
Last Updated On : April 07 ,2016
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