Noted for being a special commune and city, Rome is also the capital of Italy. It’s the only city across the globe that contains in its interior an entire state, i.e., the enclave of the extremely popular Vatican City. The city of Rome records an approximate population of 2.8 million people and covers an area of 1,285.3 kms. In fact, the city holds the first position for being the most populous commune and fourth rank for being the most populated city in the European Union. The city is renowned for its remarkable art, religious icons, and ancient history.
Situated at the west of the Apennine Mountains, the city of Rome enjoys a Mediterranean climate. Often known as the city of seven hills, Rome is also located close to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
How to reach (transport) :
By Air : Rome is served by two airports, namely, Ciampino and Fiumicino. Fiumicino is the major airport here and is connected well with the center through an express train. However, the express train runs only during the morning hours. It takes about half an hour to reach Stazione Termini (main train station of Rome) from the airport.
Ciampino is comparatively a small airport, which runs only budget airlines and charter flights. You can take a COTRAL bus to reach the city’s main hub from this airport.
Within the city, you can avail several public transportation options including:
By Bus : The bus network in Rome is extensive and well connected to the prominent areas of the city. Buses leave to and fro from the Termini Central Station and tourists can make the most out of this public transportation option. Besides, the city is also served by electric and night buses.
By Metro : The Roman Metro has only two lines, i. e., line A (red) and line B (blue) that divert at the Termini Central Station. Metro facility is quite frequent in the city, as trains run at intervals of every seven to ten minutes.
When to visit :
Rome remains a marvelous place to visit throughout the day. However, the peak season when you can expect many tourists is from June to August. The weather remains hot to warm during these months and the chance of getting rains is pretty low. Summer in Rome makes an ideal time for sightseeing and this is a prime reason why people prefer planning their tour during this time.
Culture (fairs and festivals) and traditions :
Romans are fun-loving people who celebrate the fairs and festivals with joy and mirth. Some of the major fairs and festivals witnessed in Rome are :
- Natale di Roma : Celebrated on 21st of April, Natale di Roma marks the birth of Rome. A number of festivities are arranged at the Campidoglio and the city hall is decorated with lights.
- Roma Incontra il Mondo : Celebrated in mid June or early August, musicians across the globe come here and play their tune on a lakeside stage of the Villa Ada Park.
- Festa de Noantri : Celebrated chiefly in Trastevere, residents of this region honor their humble origins with great fervor on this day. Usually celebrated in July, the day starts with a huge procession arranged to honor Madonna del Carmine. Besides, street performances and art events follow for about two weeks post the festival.
- Maratona della Citta di Roma : This annual marathon is organized in the month of March and lures big-name runners.
The city of Rome is packed with tourist attractions. Some of the must-see attractions include :
- The Colosseum : Formerly noted for being the biggest amphitheater of the Roman Empire, today it has become the most desired attraction of Rome.
- Villa dei Quintili : This ancient villa was formerly home to the renowned emperor, Commodus. On your visit here, you can see the personal gladiatorial area of Commodus.
- Roman Forum : One of the popular destinations in Roman, the Forum is believed to be the main hub of Roman life. It's true that today it is devoid of the former grandeur, but then you can very well imagine its lost glory from its ambience.
- Vatican Museums : With the Sarcophagus of the Junius Bassus and other frescoes by Raphael, the Vatican museums call for a visit. Besides, you need to also visit the Sistine Chapel that is famous for its historical pieces and artwork.
The royal city of Rome calls for a regal stay as well. Some of the exclusive stay options that you can count on are St. Regis Grand Rome, Grand Hotel de la Minerve, Hotel Majestic Roma, and Regina Hotel Baglioni. Now, this doesn’t imply that budget travelers can't find any stay options when in Rome. Rather, the city promises to provide some great affordable options like My Guest Roma, Hotel Golden, and Casa Romana.
|Facts About Rome|
|Latitude and Longitude||41.9000° N, 12.5000° E|
|Area||1,285.31 sq km (496.26 sq miles)|
|Time Zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Postal Code||00100, 00121 to 00199|
|Area Code||+39(Italy) - 06(Rome)|
|International Airport||Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino International Airport, G.B. Pastine Ciampino International Airport|
|Ethnicity||Romanian, Polish, Ukrainian, and Albanian|
|Points of Interest||Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, Fontana di Trevi, Pantheon, Sistine Chapel, Roman Forum, Vatican Museums, Spanish Steps, Piazza Navona, Capitoline Hill, Castel Sant'Angelo, Villa Borghese gardens, Auditorium Parco della Musica, Piazza del Popolo, Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Circus Maximus, Quirinal Palace, Piazza Venezia, Churches of Rome, Galleria Borghese, Stadio Olimpico, Catacombs of Rome, Baths of Caracalla, Palazzo Montecitorio, Capitoline Museums, Opus Dei, Bocca della Verità, Aventine Hill, Hadrian's Villa, Villa Medici, Palazzo Chigi|
Last Updated : 27 November 2013