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Italy and Slovenia form the southernmost borders of operates the country. Well-protected within this political boundary, this federal republican state operates parliamentary democratic government from its capital at Vienna.
The very name of Austria , derived from the German word "Osterreich" meaning 'eastern empire or realm' speaks about the vastness of the land. Inhabited originally by the Celtics, their kingdom at Noricum was occupied and made a province under the Roman Empire.
The period following the downfall of the Romans, Austria suffered a series of invasions from foreigners like Slavs, Avars and the Bavarians.
Emperor Charlemagne annexed Austria in 788 B.C. and supported colonization and Christianity in the country.
Official Name Republic of Austria
Capital & Largest City Vienna
Total Area 83,871 Sq km
Population 8,219,743 (2012 Est.)
Form of GovernmentFederal Parliamentary Republic
Head of State President Heinz Fischer
Head of State Chancellor Werner Faymann
National Day 26 October (1955)
Currency Euro (EUR)
GDP(PPP) $349.9 billion (2011 Est.)
Major languages German
Major religion Roman Catholic (Christian)
Internet TLD .at
Calling code +43