The Pope enjoys absolute executive, legal and judicial power and it is the College of Cardinals which acts as the chief advisory body of the Pope. The Pope is simultaneously also the supreme pontiff of the Catholic Church. With such all encompassing authority,the Pope is the only absolute monarch in Europe and the 'Holy See' expresses the totality of his governance.
The name 'Vatican' was born much before the birth Christianity. It was actually deduced from the Latin Mons Vaticanus,Vatican Hill. But today the name connotes the Christian Empire of Vatican City in Italy where the Pope rules absolute and Sovereign.
|Area||0.44 sq km (0.17 sq mi)|
|Population||836 (July 2012 est.)|
|National Day||11 February 1929|