Italy Facts

Italy, the most densely populated country of Europe, is one of the most visited countries of the world. Rome, which is also known as the ‘Eternal City’ is the capital of Italy.

Quick Facts

Official Name Italian Republic
Lat Long42 50 N, 12 50 E
Area301,340 sq km
Largest CityRome
Official LanguagesItalian
Major ReligionChristian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), Atheist and Agnostic 20%
National DayMarch 17, 1861 (Unification), June 2, 1946 (Republic Day)
Form of GovernmentUnitary constitutional parliamentary republic
PresidentSergio Mattarella
Vice PresidentNA
Prime MinisterGiuseppe Conte
GDP$2.157 trillion (2015 Est.)
Calling Code39
Time ZoneCET (UTC+1) Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD.it

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What is the capital of Italy ?

What type of government does Italy have ?
Unitary parliamentary republic

Who is the President of Italy ?
Sergio Mattarella

Who is the Prime Minister of Italy ?
Giuseppe Conte

What countries border Italy ?
France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia all border Italy. Italy is a peninsula, surrounded on 3 sides by the Mediterranean Sea.

How big is Italy ?
301,225 square kilometers or 116,303 square miles

What is the population of Italy ?
Approximately 61 million

What languages are spoken in Italy ?
Italian is the official language of Italy, but there are regions that speak German, French, and Slovene.

What currency is used in Italy ?
Italy has used the Euro since 2002. Before that it used the Italian lira between 1861 and 2002.

What volcanoes are in Italy ?
Mount Etna in Sicily is Europe’s most active volcano. Vesuvius and Stromboli are the other two active volcanoes in Italy. Italy has a total of 14 volcanoes.

What are the two independent city-states within Italy ?
San Marino and Vatican City

What was the Roman Empire ?
The Roman Empire was the ancient Roman civilization that expanded to control
much of Europe and the region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea from 27 BC to 476 (Western Roman Empire) or 1453 (Eastern Roman Empire). The Roman Empire followed the Roman Kingdom and the Roman Republic (of Julius Caesar fame). The great expansion of Roman territory occurred during the Roman Empire. Rome was once the capital of all of western civilization, during the Roman Empire.

Who were the Gladiators ?
During the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, the gladiators were armed fighters who fought in amphitheaters in front of audiences for entertainment purposes. Gladiators fought other gladiators, animals, or criminals, usually to the death, using a variety of weapons.

When was Italian unification ?
On March 17, 1861, under King Vittorio Emmanuele II the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. The regions of Italy were unified in 1870.

What is the national holiday of Italy ?
June 2 – Republic day, celebrating the constitution in 1946.

What are the regions of Italy ?
There are 15 regions and 5 autonomous regions.

Regions and their capitals :
  • Abruzzo – L’Aquila
  • Basilicata – Potenza
  • Calabria – Catanzaro
  • Campania – Naples
  • Emilia-Romagna – Bologna
  • Lazio (Latium) – Rome
  • Liguria – Genoa
  • Lombardia – Milan
  • Marche – Ancona
  • Molise – Campobasso
  • Piemonte (Piedmont) – Turin
  • Puglia (Apulia) – Bari
  • Toscana (Tuscany) – Florence
  • Umbria – Perugia
  • Veneto (Venetia) – Venice
Autonomous Regions:
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia – Trieste
  • Sardegna (Sardinia) – Caligiari
  • Sicilia (Sicily) – Palermo
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
  • Valle d’Aosta (Aosta Valley) – Aosta
Why does Venice have canals ?
Venice is actually made up of a series of 117 islands, and the canals, along with bridges, are the main way to get around the city.

Is there an official religion in Italy ?
While Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion of Italy, it is no longer the official religion. Italian culture is still very much influenced by the Catholic Church. The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church is located in Rome in the Vatican City, where the Pope resides.

Where is the oldest university in the Western world ?
Bologna – the University of Bologna has been in continuous operation since 1088. Famous alumni include Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Nicolaus Copernicus, Umberto Eco, and Romano Prodi.

Italy Travel Facts
Rome, the capital city, has a famous historical site around every corner, from the Colosseum to the Pantheon and the Vatican.

Florence has famous landmarks and works of art housed in its museums and galleries.

The city of Venice, located in the northeastern part of Italy, is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Italy has 7,400 kilometers (4,600 miles) of coastline which is one of the longest in Europe.

Italy is one of the most cave-pocked countries in the world. It has more than 35,000 cavities above the ground and there are thousands of them underwater.


Mount Etna in Sicily is the world's most active volcano.

The Saint Peter's Basilica at the Vatican is the biggest Christian church in the world. Regions in Italy have their own dialects, which are quite different from standard Italian. The contemporary Italian, which the people speak, is based on the Florentine dialect.

Milan, the second largest city in Italy, is one of the big four fashion capitals in the world. Major Italian fashion houses include Gucci, Armani, Versace, Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, and Valentino.

National parks in Italy include Alta Murgia National Park, the Gargano National Park, and the Abruzzo National Park.

Mont Blanc de Courmayeur, at 15771 feet, is the highest peak in the country. Other important peaks are Mt. Etna, Punta La Marmora, Ortles, Gran Paradiso, and Matterhorn.

The oldest university in the Western world, dating back to 1088, is the University of Bologna.

Italy is divided into 20 regions, and further divided into 110 provinces and 8,100 municipalities.

Grotta Gigante holds the Guinness World Record for largest accessible cave on Earth. It is 850 meters (2,788 feet) wide, with 500 steps that descend 100 meters (328 feet) into the earth.

If you think you know Italy inside out, this exciting quiz on Italy might prove you wrong.

Last Updated on: June 1st, 2018