The Division between the Global North and Global South
The Nuclear Suppliers Group is a group of nations whose main aim is to prevent nuclear proliferation. The nations aim to achieve their objective by controlling the export of equipment, technology, and materials that are essential for the creation of nuclear weapons. The member nations have the capability to export and transport civilian nuclear technology and have pledged that the transfer will only be undertaken under mutually agreed guidelines.
The origin of the Nuclear Suppliers Group dates back to 1974. In that year, India carried out its first nuclear test and as such the Nuclear Supplier Group was formed in response to these tests. The Group met for the first time in November 1975. In 1978 the International Atomic Energy Agency published the NSG guidelines.
The Nuclear Suppliers Group, which is not a formal organization, comprises of 48 members, five of which are nuclear weapon states. These five nations are the United Kingdom, the United States, China, France, and Russia. The guidelines of the NSG are not binding and all its decisions are made by consensus.
In the initial years, the Nuclear Suppliers Group comprised of seven nations which included West Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Canada, and the Soviet Union. By 1976-77, eight more nations were added to the group, and they include; East Germany, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland and Sweden, taking the number of participating governments to 15. The 1990s witnessed changes with the breaking up of Czechoslovakia, and the merger of East and West Germany. In 1991, the Soviet Union also dissolved and many formers members were provided observer status. In 2004, China became a participating nation in the NSG.
Today, there are 48 nations in the NSG. Apart from the five nuclear powers, other notable nations that are a part of the NSG are Argentina, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Iceland, Ireland.
The table below provides information on the current participating governments in the NSG.
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