NATO Members Map

The NATO Members Map shows the location of the member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

NATO Member Countries
Description : Map showing the NATO Member Countries or States.

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an alliance of 28 member nations, headquartered in Belgium, that unites the members in a defense pact. A military attack on one of these nations is considered an attack against them all, and each country contributes to the defense. Today, the nations together account for 70 percent of defense spending worldwide.

NATO was formed on April 4, 1949, as a collective defense against a common enemy, the Soviet Union, which tried to expand its communist ideology using military might to central and east European countries after World War II. Major political events in Europe and the Balkans, including the coup d'etat in Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1948, became the immediate reasons behind the formation of NATO.

Headquartered in Brussels, Belgium, NATO worked to redefine its role and responsibilities in the years after the fall of the common enemy and with the changing political and economic interests of its member countries. NATO proved its mettle several times beginning with the in Bosnia's capital, Sarajevo, and later by joining the United States in its hunt for Osama bin Laden, parading the armed troops of its member countries in Afghanistan, and by deploying peacekeeping forces in conflict torn regions in and around Europe. Differences do exist between NATO member countries about the inclusion or exclusion of former Soviet Republics and about the role the organization should take in emerging political equations.

After the North Atlantic Treaty was signed on April 4, 1949, additional countries have joined NATO, bringing the total number of member countries to 28.

Current members of NATO include:
  • Albania
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • The Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Turkey
  • The United Kingdom
  • The United States

List of Secretaries General of NATO
1Lord IsmayUnited Kingdom4 April 1952 – 16 May 1957
2Paul-Henri SpaakBelgium16 May 1957 – 21 April 1961
3Dirk StikkerNetherlands21 April 1961 – 1 August 1964
4Manlio BrosioItaly1 August 1964 – 1 October 1971
5Joseph LunsNetherlands1 October 1971 – 25 June 1984
6Lord CarringtonUnited Kingdom25 June 1984 – 1 July 1988
7Manfred WörnerGermany1 July 1988 – 13 August 1994
Sergio Balanzino†Italy13 August 1994 – 17 October 1994
8Willy ClaesBelgium17 October 1994 – 20 October 1995
Sergio Balanzino†Italy20 October 1995 – 5 December 1995
9Javier SolanaSpain5 December 1995 – 6 October 1999
10Lord RobertsonUnited Kingdom14 October 1999 – 17 December 2003
Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo†Italy17 December 2003 – 1 January 2004
11Jaap de Hoop SchefferNetherlands1 January 2004 – 1 August 2009
12Anders Fogh RasmussenDenmark1 August 2009 – 30 September 2014
13Jens StoltenbergNorway1 October 2014 — Present

List of Deputy Secretaries General of NATO
1Jonkheer van VredenburchNetherlands1952–1956
2Baron Adolph BentinckNetherlands1956–1958
3Alberico CasardiItaly1958–1962
4Guido Colonna di PalianoItaly1962–1964
5James A. RobertsCanada1964–1968
6Osman OlcayTurkey1969–1971
7Paolo Pansa CedronioItaly1971–1978
8Rinaldo PetrignaniItaly1978–1981
9Eric da RinItaly1981–1985
10Marcello GuidiItaly1985–1989
11Amedeo de FranchisItaly1989–1994
12Sergio BalanzinoItaly1994–2001
13Alessandro Minuto RizzoItaly2001–2007
14Claudio BisognieroItaly2007–2012
15Alexander VershbowUnited States2012–Present