Texas Facts

Quick Facts

Official Name Texas
Area268,58 sq mi (696,241 km2)
Population27,695,284 (2015 est)
Largest CityHouston
Official LanguagesNo official language ( Spoken : Spanish, English)
Time Zonemost of state Central: UTC 6/5 ,Tip of West Texas: Mountain: UTC 7/6
GovernorGreg Abbott (R)
Lt. GovernorDan Patrick
U.S. SenatorJohn Cornyn, Ted Cruz
AbbreviationTX, Tex. US-TX
Joined the UnionDecember 29, 1845
NicknameThe Lone Star State
Highest PointGuadalupe Peak
Lowest PointGulf of Mexico
Official Websitewww.texas.gov

About the Profile of Texas State

Texas is a state located in south-central United States. It is bordered on the north by Oklahoma and Arkansas; on the east by Arkansas and Louisiana; on the southeast by the Gulf of Mexico; on the southwest by the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, and Chihuahua; and on the west by New Mexico. The state's geographic center is in McCulloch County.

What is the capital city of Texas?
Located in central Texas on the eastern edge of the American Southwest, Austin is the capital city of Texas. Covering an area of 271.8 square miles, it is the fourth-largest city in Texas and the fourteenth-most-populous city in the United States; it has a population of 790,390. The capital city of Texas is also referred to as "The Live Music Capital of the World", a reference to the many musicians and live music venues within the area. Many big companies like Forestar Group, Whole Foods Market, Dell, Apple, IBM, Google, ShoreTel, and Texas Instruments have their regional offices in Austin.

What is the nickname of Texas?
Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State"; the name comes from the star on the 1836 flag of the Republic of Texas. The Star represents the wish of many Texans who wanted to achieve statehood in the United States. It is also found on the Texas state flag, the great seal, the state quarter, and is recognized as the official state gemstone of Texas.

What is the largest city of Texas?
Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States. According to the census conducted in 2010, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of 579 square miles.

How big is Texas?
The total area covered by Texas is 268,820 square miles.

What are the administrative divisions of Texas?
The state of Texas is made up of 254 counties.

What is the population of Texas?
As per the 2010 census conducted in the United States, the population of Texas is 25,145,561.

What are the main ethnic groups in the state of Texas?
Hispanics, Latinos, Germanic, Czech, Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians and some native Americans are found in Texas.

When did Texas achieve statehood?
Texas was admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845; it is the twenty-eighth state of the United States.

Who are the political leaders of Texas?
Governor: Rick Perry
Lieutenant Governor: David Dewhurst

What is the official language of Texas?
English is the official language of the state of Texas, spoken by 68.7 percent of the population. Spanish Creole, German and French are the other languages used.

What is the religion of Texas?
Roman Catholicism is the official state religion, followed by twenty-eight percent of the population. Leading Protestant denominations practiced are: the Southern Baptist Convention, the United Methodist Church, Churches of Christ, Assemblies of God, the Presbyterian Church USA, the Episcopal Church, Independent Charismatic Churches, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Independent Non-Charismatic Churches, and the Lutheran Church. There are also a small number of Jews, Muslims, and a few adherents to the Bahai faith. Almost forty-five percent of the population denies any religious affiliation.

What is the economy of Texas like?
Texas developed a diversified economy and high-tech industry in the mid-20th century, due to strong investment in universities. As of 2008, Texas had a gross state product (GSP) of $1.224 trillion. Agriculture is an important sector in the economy of Texas; it is the leading state in livestock and cotton production. Principal crops are cotton lint, grains, sorghum, vegetables, citrus and other fruits, melons, wheat, pecans, oats, celery and rice. The state is the leading producer of oil, natural gas, and natural-gas liquids in the United States. It is also a major producer of helium, salt, sulfur, sodium sulfate, clays, gypsum, cement, and talc. The state excels in the production of computers and other electronic equipments; it is home to Dell and Compaq computers. Central Texas is often referred to as the Silicon Valley of the south. Due to its long history as a center of the industry, Texas has been associated with the image of the cowboy. Texas emits the most greenhouse gases of any state.

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What are the symbols of the state of Texas?
  • State Flower: Bluebonnet is the official state flower of Texas; it was designated the status in 1901. The flower is also called buffalo clover, and wolf flower and is found in the North American prairie - one of the most endangered ecosystems on earth.

  • State Bird: Mockingbird is the official state bird of Texas. It was given the official status of the state bird in 1927. It is also the state bird of Florida, Arkansas, Tennessee and Mississippi.

  • State Flag: The Texas state flag was adopted on January 24, 1839 as the national flag of the Republic of Texas. The red, white, and blue stripes on the state flag represent bravery, purity and loyalty. Texas is the only state to have the flags of six different nations fly over it. They are: Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederate States, and the United States.

Apartments in Texas

The Apartments in Texas are so beautiful and attractive that can't leave one for the other. Some of the apartments are named here. Gables Pin Oak is a special apartment known for the wonderful tropical setting and stylish pools in it. Then there is Wood of Bedford. The view is magnificent. Another is Gateways at Centerport.

Apartment in Austin Texas: Austin is a rising city. Population is also growing. Technologies and industries are growing here. The city is also known for music. You will love to live in the apartments there. The atmosphere is very cool and trendy.

Apartment in Plano Texas: The Featured apartments in Plano are McDermott Place Apartments, the Preserve at Arbor Hills, the Livingston and others. The apartments here have all the fitness and pool facilities. Sometimes employee discount is also there.

Texas Lottery

The Texas Lottery includes competition on the following lottery tickets:
  • Texas Lotto - The lotto results in Texas can land you up in millions of dollars. Its just a matter of an arbitrary pick of 6 numbers out of 54 choices.

  • Mega Millions - The mega million jackpot is worth taking a risk, especially with the prize money starting from an appalling $12 million. One has to choose five numbers from a list of 56 numbers in the first field. The next step involves choosing one Mega Ball in the second field of 46 numbers. If that does not satisfy your appetite, there is more to come. With an extra dollar per play board, one can increase the chances of hitting a prize money even if not the jack pot. The prize money can hit upto $1,000,000. With megaply the chances to win double or triple or even four times of the jack pot prize increases.

Texas Lawyers

Lawyers in Texas are mostly located in the cities of Austin, Houston, San Antonio Dallas and El Paso.

As day-to-day activities are gradually becoming complicated, practice of law is becoming specialized. Texas law practitioners are categorized as per their specialty. There are real estate lawyers, personal injury lawyers, divorce lawyers, automobile accident lawyers, criminal lawyers and so on.

Texas Austin lawyers
Among the notable Austin lawyers are:
  • Bob Binder a legal practitioner specialized in automobile accident claims, drunk driver collision claims, truck collision claims and other personal injury claims
  • Dan Stokes specializes in criminal and divorce cases
  • Jason Coomer is a specialized Texas lawyer in real estate dealings
  • Michael Markris is a famous criminal lawyer in Austin

Texas Houston lawyers
The reputed lawyers in Houston, Texas include:
  • Bob Binder is a renowned lawyer for personal injury claims, and medical malpractice claims
  • Christian Bercerra is a specialized law practitioner in family and criminal matters
  • Chris Palumbo is a famed Houston law firm
  • Scott Callahan is a Texas lawyer specialized in falling merchandise, catastrophic injury, personal injury and truck collision cases
  • Will Colgin is a specialized lawyer for probates, personal injury and car wrecks

Texas San Antonio lawyers
A few of the renowned Texas lawyers in San Antonio are:
  • Angela Arwine is a specialized lawyer in real estate dealings
  • Jeff Anderson specializes in medical malpractice, and is a Federal Court lawyer
  • Mark Unger is a specialized legal practitioner in family and criminal laws
  • Todd Prins is a reputed lawyer specializing in real estate matters
  • Bob Binder, Jason Coomer handle cases in San Antonio
  • The Crosley Law Firm, and Hall and Bates are famous law firms in San Antonio

Miss Texas USA Pageant

Texas is regarded as the most successful state to compete at the Miss USA level where the city boasts of having 8 winners apart from other states within it and one universe. For competing for the Title Miss Texas USA Pageant one must fulfill criteria's like the contestant should be above 18 years of age, should have a moral character, should be Un-married, and should be the citizen of the US.

Location and Geography : Texas is America’s second-largest state behind Alaska, and the largest one that is not separated from the main body of the United States. It is well-known for being impossibly large, larger than a great many countries in the world. Of all the states, it shares the longest border with Mexico. Texas usually appears in the public imagination as a barren desert, but in truth it encompasses a diverse range of ecosystems ranging from mountains to dry steppes to wet coastlands.

Counties and Regions : The state of Texas has 254 counties, more than any other US state. Texas is far too large to be easily classified into other geographical and cultural regions within the U.S.; some parts of Texas are more like the American South, and other parts of Texas are more like the American Southwest. Here are some of the more recognizable regions within Texas:

  • Brazos Valley
  • Central Texas
  • Hill Country
  • Gulf Coast/Coastal Bend
  • East Texas/Piney Woods
  • West Texas/Edwards Plateau
  • North Texas/Rolling Hills
  • Rio Grande Valley/Big Bend
  • Southeast Texas
  • Texas Panhandle

Population : Over 25 million people live in Texas and more keep coming, meaning that it might eventually catch up with California in terms of overall population. Some of the largest and fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the U.S. are located in Texas, especially because there is plenty of room for the cities to spread outwards.

Major Cities : Texas is home to three of the ten most populated cities in the United States: Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio. Almost three-quarters of the state’s population lives in a relatively small, highly developed area known as the “Texas Urban Triangle” that encompasses the metropolitan areas of Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, Austin, and San Antonio.

Story Behind the Name : The name “Texas” is derived from one of the Native American tribes that inhabited the land, the Caddo, from their word tejas that meant “friends” or “allies.” The Caddo were friendly and helpful to the European explorers who first arrived in the area, which led to the outside powers setting up successful colonies.

History and Colonization : People often use the term “six flags over Texas,” which refers to the fact that no fewer than six nations have claimed sovereignty over the state at different times in its history (Spain, France, Mexico, the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States of America). Spain first colonized what would later become Texas early in the sixteenth century, but it ran into difficulties determining ownership of the territory when France, which had colonized much of the Gulf Coast, began hedging in. France even founded an accidental colony in Texas called Fort Saint Louis, but this ill-fated town was not to survive. Because of the disputes between France and Spain, when France sold many of its territories to the United States with the Louisiana Purchase, there was a great deal of confusion as to whether Texas was included as a part of the deal.

Spain and the United States eventually agreed in 1819 that Texas would belong to the territory of New Spain, although many American settlers did not agree and continued to found homesteads on the land (until they well outnumbered the native and Spanish-descended population). After a few more years, in 1821, Mexico seceded from Spain, and it was officially considered to be a closed matter that Texas would be a part of Mexico. However, American immigrants continued to settle in the area, much to the chagrin of the Mexican government. Tensions rose until the settlers rebelled and declared an independent Republic of Texas, which lasted a decade before allowing itself to be annexed by the United States. Mexico objected to the annexation, and the resulting border dispute led to the Mexican-American War, from which the U.S. would eventually obtain a great deal more of Mexico’s land. Texas went on to become the 28th US state, but its current borders were not finalized until the Compromise of 1850.

Texas joined the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, and entered a period of economic depression after the Confederacy’s defeat by the Union. Things remained difficult until the turn of the twentieth century, when the discovery of crude oil in Texas sparked a rapid influx of wealth and development in the region. Military technology and research became a huge business in Texas during World War II, further moving the fortunes of the state away from agriculture and towards industrialization. In the latter half of the twentieth century, low state taxes encouraged many major businesses to open up offices in Texas or even relocate there entirely, providing a surge to the state’s local economy. Today, Texas competes heavily with California as a center of high-tech industries in the United States.

More Texas Facts & Trivia

1) Texas, the constituent part of the U.S., became the 28th state of the union in the year 1845.

2) It is the second most populous (after California) as well as the second biggest state (after Alaska) out of the 50 states that make up the United States of America.

3) Texas is situated in the south-central region of the country and to the south shares an international borderline with the Mexican states of Coahuila, Tamaulipas, Chihuahua, and Nuevo Leon.

4) Texas also borders Louisiana to the east, New Mexico to the west, Arkansas to the northeast, and Oklahoma to the north.

5) The state approximately spans an area of 266,833 square miles with an increasing population of more than 26.9 million people, according to a July 2014 estimate.

6) Houston - the largest city of Texas - is also the fourth-biggest city in the U.S.

7) The nickname Lone Star State signifies Texas as a former sovereign republic - it serves as a reminder of the state's independence struggle from Mexico.

8) Texas is derived from the word - Tejas, which stands for 'friends' in the Caddo language.

9) Guadalupe is the highest peak in Texas that rises to 2,667 meters above the sea level.

10) The slogan "Six Flags over Texas" signifies the six nations that held sway over the territory of Texas.

11) Possessing abundance of natural wealth, Texas is a chief agricultural state and a major industrial hub. Chief manufacturing industries of Texas comprise oil refining, chemicals, food processing, transport equipment, and machinery.

12) Having a vast expanse of high prairie, it is a leading state in such categories as sheep, cattle, oil, and cotton. Other precious resources of Texas include helium, sulfur, salt, natural gas, clays, bromine, and cement.

13) Rio Grande is a major river in Texas that covers some 1,900 miles from the point of its origin in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico. Other important rivers are Brazos, Trinity, Sabine, and Red rivers.

14) More than $50 billion is annually spent by millions of visitors to above 100 state parks, recreation zones, and other places of interest, such as the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, the Gulf Coast resort region, the Big Bend, the Alamo of San Antonio, and Guadalupe Mountains National Park.

15) Texas is home to a wide range of insects and animals - having 590 native species from the prodigious bird life diversity of the United States, 213 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 65 species of mammals.

16) Texas, as an independent nation, would rank as the seventh-biggest producer of greenhouse gases in the world - emitting about 1.5 trillion pounds of Carbon dioxide every year. The reasons for the state's vast emissions of greenhouse gas are attributable to the state's manufacturing and refining industries and mega coal power plants.

17) The most horrendous natural calamity in the U.S. occurred in Galveston, the island city of Texas, which was once the country's largest cotton port and a significant gateway for emigrants. A Category 4 typhoon on 8 September 1900 completely ruined the city and killed as many as 12,000 people.

18) The first governor and first president of Texas was Sam Houston, whose statue called A Tribute to Courage is the largest freestanding statue of an American across the world.

19) The Texas Star in the Dallas State Fair Park is the biggest ferry wheel in the Western Hemisphere.

20) The oldest and the largest rattlesnake roundup of the world is held in Sweetwater, Texas, every year in the month of March.


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Last Updated on: September 30th, 2017