The Number of Researchers in Science Per Country, On A World Map

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The World Map Throws Light on the Number of Researchers in Science by Country


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Scientific and technological research plays a pivotal role in the development of a nation. In fact, the number of researchers in a particular nation is a direct indication of the role scientific and technological research plays in its development. The more the number, the better indicator it serves to be.

According to the UNESCO data, China had the maximum researchers in the field of science in the year 2012, who were into full-time employment. According to the data, the number of researchers in the country in the year stood at 1,404,017.

The United States, which is reputed for its top class education and research facilities, came at the second spot. According to the data, there were some 1,265,064 researchers working in the science sector in the country in the year 2012. Japan, which had 646,347 researchers working in the science sector in 2012, stood at the third place.

The European nations of Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy; the Asian nation of South Korea; the North American nation of Canada and the Russian Federation, which lies both in Europe and Asia, had more than 100,000 researchers working in the science sector in the year 2012.

According to the 2010 data available for Australia and India, the two nations known for their superior educational systems and research facilities, the total number of researchers working in the science sector stood at 100,414, and 192,819 respectively.

Occupying the bottom slots of the UNESCO data were nations such as Panama, Togo, Guatemala, Kuwait, and a few others, that had less than 1,000 researchers working in the science sector in the year 2012.

Country Number of Researchers
China 1,404,017
United States of America 1,265,064
Japan 646,347
Russian Federation 443,269
Germany 352,419
Republic of Korea 315,589.193
France 258,913
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 256,156.4
Canada 161,590
Spain 126,777.509
Italy 110,694.8
Turkey 82,122.437
Netherlands 73,235.104
Poland 67,000.8
Ukraine 55,954.8
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 52,656
Malaysia 52,052.25
Argentina 50,489.182
Sweden 49,280
Belgium 45,597.265
Egypt 44,692.7
Portugal 42,498.2
Finland 40,468.4
Denmark 40,080.3
Austria 39,345.6
Switzerland 35,949.988
Singapore 34,140.997
Czech Republic 33,217.168
Morocco 28,264.86
Norway 27,841
Greece 24,799.978
Hungary 23,837
South Africa 21,382.5
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 21,236
Romania 18,016
Tunisia 17,658
Ireland 15,973
Slovakia 15,270.9
Serbia 11,801.9
Bulgaria 11,300
Slovenia 8,884
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 8,686
Lithuania 8,023
Colombia 6,944.619
Chile 6,798.01
Croatia 6,688
Estonia 4,582
Latvia 3,904
Republic of Moldova 2,736
Luxembourg 2,310.38
Uruguay 1,825
Costa Rica 1,581
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 1,269
Paraguay 1,081
Cyprus 877
Malta 839
Bosnia and Herzegovina 577.3
Kuwait 439
China, Macao Special Administrative Region 415.5
Guatemala 411
Togo 242.4
Panama 142
India* 192,819 (2010)
Australia* 100,414 (2010)

(Data sourced from UNESCO)

**The figures for India and Australia have been sourced from 2010 UNESCO data.

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