Winners of the FIVB Beach Volleyball World Championships
Household and ambient air pollution is an environmental as well as health risk. Millions of people die every year due to household air pollution, which results from cooking with unclean fuels, or ambient air pollution, which rises from traffic, waste burning or residential fuel combustion or industrial sources. If the rising levels of air pollution can be contained, the world will see a decrease in diseases such as chronic and acute respiratory diseases such as asthma, stroke, lung cancer, and heart diseases.
According to the World Health Organization’s 2016 World Health Statistics report, Georgia had the highest death rate among nations due to household and ambient air pollution in the year 2012. According to the data, in 2012, the mortality rate in Georgia stood at 292.3 per 100,000 people. North Korea was the second most affected nation from household and ambient air pollution. Here during the same year, an estimated 234.1 people per 100,000 population fell prey to air pollution. Bosnia and Herzegovina was the third most affected and witnessed a mortality rate of 223.6 per 100,000 population.
Countries where between 125 and 175 people per 100,000 population died due to household and ambient air pollution in 2012 were Bulgaria, Albania, China, Sierra Leone, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Mongolia, India, Macedonia, Myanmar, and Armenia.
The situation was comparatively better in countries such as Poland, Bangladesh, Rwanda, Thailand, Czech Republic, Ethiopia, Cuba, Turkey, Bhutan, and many other nations. Here deaths due to household and ambient air pollution stood in the range of between 25 and 75 per 100,000 population.
Nations where less number of people died due to household and ambient air pollution were Japan, Mexico, Malaysia, Denmark, Luxembourg, USA, Canada, Switzerland, Ireland, France and others. Here the death rate was less than 25 per 100,000 population. The best among these was Brunei, which was ranked at the bottom of the table and witnessed a mortality rate of 0.2 per 100,000 in the year 2012.
The table below will provide information on the number of deaths per 100,000 due to household and ambient air pollution in each nation.
|Country||Mortality rate (per 100,000|
|Democratic People’s Republic of Korea||234.1|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||223.6|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||116.4|
|Republic of Moldova||114.5|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic||107.6|
|Central African Republic||95.9|
|Bolivia (Plurinational State of)||52|
|United Republic of Tanzania||50.5|
|Papua New Guinea||44.3|
|Iran (Islamic Republic of)||35.3|
|Syrian Arab Republic||30.9|
|Trinidad and Tobago||27.9|
|Republic of Korea||23.7|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||20.9|
|United States of America||12.1|
|United Arab Emirates||7.5|
(Data sourced from World Health Organization)