About North America Map :-North America is the third-largest continent and is spread over 9,540,000 sq miles. The continent encompasses 23 independent states including the US, Canada, and Mexico. The Map of North America points out all the capital cities such as Ottawa, Washington D.C., Mexico City, Guatemala, San Salvador, Managua, San Jose, Panama City, Tegucigalpa, Belmopan, Kingston, Havana, Nassau, Santo Domingo, Port of Spain, Port-su-Prince, and Nassau. The North America map also points to the major rivers in the continent including River Mississippi, River Mackenzie, River Colorado, and River Missouri, the highest peaks such as Mt. Washington, Mt. Mitchell, Mt. Katahdin, Mt. Whitney, Mt. Hood, Mt. Baker, and Mt. Elbert, and the major landforms such as the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountains the Great Basin, the Sierra Madre, the Edwards plateau, the Colorado Plateau, the Caribbean island nations, and the Atlantic and Pacific coastal regions.
History of North America
Before the arrival of the European rulers in the native North America, the natives were divided into many tribal groups. Many indigenous cultures flourished, like the Dorset culture, followed by the Thule people and the Clovis culture of modern New Mexico. The Mound builders are the most recent people inhabiting the continent; they flourished from 300 BC to 150 AD.
There are twenty-three countries and several territories in North America when including all countries of Central America and the Caribbean, which are by most accounts part of the North American continent. The lower boundary of what is considered North America is around the Isthmus of Panama, making panama part of North America. To the north, the continent extends up nearly to the North Pole, with Canada's territory. Most of the continent is situated on the North American Plate.
North America shares borders with the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean.
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Major Countries in North America
North America has a multifaceted economy. The service industry provides many employment opportunities in countries like the USA, Canada, and countries in the Caribbean. The travel and tourism industry is also a prominent sector, providing many job opportunities in many Caribbean and Central American countries. North America is home to some of the world’s wealthiest economies, including the USA and Canada. As of 2011, the US had a per capita gross domestic product (PPP) of $47,200 and Canada's GDP (PPP in 2010) was pegged at $39,400.
North America experiences various climates across its vast land, allowing for a variety of agricultural products and practices. Some of the major agricultural products are corn, cotton, soybeans, tobacco, and wheat, along with other food and industrial raw material crops. North America is also rich in mineral resources such as coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, natural gas, petroleum, mercury, nickel, potash, and silver.
|North America Timeline|
|900AD||Toltec civilization develops in present day Mexico|
|1000||Vikings visit coast of Newfoundland|
|1325||Aztecs establish Mexico City|
|1492||Christopher Columbus discovers the New World (the Americas)|
|1499-1502||Amerigo Vespucci recognizes the new world as a separate continent|
|1521||Spain defeats Aztecs and captures Mexico city|
|1605||First French settlement in Port Royal (present day Nova Scotia)|
|1607||First English settlement in Virginia Colony (Present day Virginia)|
|1775||Start of American Revolution|
|1776||USA gains independence from British Monarchy|
|1821||Mexico declares independence from Spain|
|1867||Four Canadian Colonies federate and create Dominion of Canada|
|1991||Cold War ends and era of economic expansion begins|
|1994||NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) is signed between USA, Canada, and Mexico creating world largest Free Trade Area|
|2004||CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement) is signed between Central American Countries|
Last Updated on: May 13, 2015
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