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North America Map

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Where is North America
North America Globe Locator
Explore the map of North America, the third largest by area and the fourth most populated continent in the world. It comprises of North American peninsula, Central America and the Caribbean. It is located in the northern hemisphere, between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, and is home to some major global economies like the United States and Canada.
Map of North America
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About North America Map :-

North America is the third-largest continent and is spread over 9,540,000 sq miles. The continent encompasses 23 independent states including the US, Canada, and Mexico. The Map of North America points out all the capital cities such as Ottawa, Washington D.C., Mexico City, Guatemala, San Salvador, Managua, San Jose, Panama City, Tegucigalpa, Belmopan, Kingston, Havana, Nassau, Santo Domingo, Port of Spain, Port-su-Prince, and Nassau. The North America map also points to the major rivers in the continent including River Mississippi, River Mackenzie, River Colorado, and River Missouri, the highest peaks such as Mt. Washington, Mt. Mitchell, Mt. Katahdin, Mt. Whitney, Mt. Hood, Mt. Baker, and Mt. Elbert, and the major landforms such as the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountains the Great Basin, the Sierra Madre, the Edwards plateau, the Colorado Plateau, the Caribbean island nations, and the Atlantic and Pacific coastal regions.

History of North America

Before the arrival of the European rulers in the native North America, the natives were divided into many tribal groups. Many indigenous cultures flourished, like the Dorset culture, followed by the Thule people and the Clovis culture of modern New Mexico. The Mound builders are the most recent people inhabiting the continent; they flourished from 300 BC to 150 AD.

With the arrival of the Europeans, the native population of North America declined because of the diseases that the Europeans brought with them. Movements for independence started in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries across the whole country. On July 4, 1776 the thirteen British colonies declared independence and the United States of America were formed.

There are twenty-three countries and several territories in North America when including all countries of Central America and the Caribbean, which are by most accounts part of the North American continent. The lower boundary of what is considered North America is around the Isthmus of Panama, making panama part of North America. To the north, the continent extends up nearly to the North Pole, with Canada's territory. Most of the continent is situated on the North American Plate.

North America shares borders with the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean.

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Major Countries in North America

Economy and Agriculture in North America
North America has a multifaceted economy. The service industry provides many employment opportunities in countries like the USA, Canada, and countries in the Caribbean. The travel and tourism industry is also a prominent sector, providing many job opportunities in many Caribbean and Central American countries. North America is home to some of the world’s wealthiest economies, including the USA and Canada. As of 2011, the US had a per capita gross domestic product (PPP) of $47,200 and Canada's GDP (PPP in 2010) was pegged at $39,400.

North America experiences various climates across its vast land, allowing for a variety of agricultural products and practices. Some of the major agricultural products are corn, cotton, soybeans, tobacco, and wheat, along with other food and industrial raw material crops. North America is also rich in mineral resources such as coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, natural gas, petroleum, mercury, nickel, potash, and silver.

North America Timeline
900ADToltec civilization develops in present day Mexico
1000Vikings visit coast of Newfoundland
1325Aztecs establish Mexico City
1492Christopher Columbus discovers the New World (the Americas)
1499-1502Amerigo Vespucci recognizes the new world as a separate continent
1521Spain defeats Aztecs and captures Mexico city
1605First French settlement in Port Royal (present day Nova Scotia)
1607First English settlement in Virginia Colony (Present day Virginia)
1775Start of American Revolution
1776USA gains independence from British Monarchy
1821Mexico declares independence from Spain
1867Four Canadian Colonies federate and create Dominion of Canada
1991Cold War ends and era of economic expansion begins
1994NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) is signed between USA, Canada, and Mexico creating world largest Free Trade Area
2004CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement) is signed between Central American Countries

Last Updated on: May 13, 2015

Area29,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles)
Largest Country by AreaCanada
Largest Country by PopulationUnited States
Largest City by PopulationMexico City
Highest PointMount McKinley, Alaska (6,194 meters/20,320 feet above sea level)
Lowest PointDeath Valley, California (86 meters/282 feet below sea level)
Major ReligionsChristianity, Judaism, Sikhism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, unaffiliated
Major LanguagesEnglish, Spanish, French

Target5.5 Million

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