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The Bahamas were first inhabited by the Taino, Arawak people who migrated from South America, and arrived in the islands as far back as the year 500, first stopping on Hispaniola before reaching the Bahamas. The Lucayan tribe of Tainos flourished in the Caribbean and expanded across many islands of the Bahamas over the next several centuries.
European explorers arrived in the 15th century, with the Spanish voyage of Christopher Columbus, which reached the Bahamas in 1492, and effectively initiated the discovery of the New World. Though the Spanish did not settle the Bahamas, because of the lack of gold and resources, they did transport many of the Lucayans to other islands as slaves, depopulating the islands. Some English explorers fled from Bermuda and established an unofficial colony of Eleuthera, which survived on salvaging shipwrecks, but struggled. The other settlement by Bermudans was the New Providence settlement. These settlers came into conflict with the Spanish, who were the target of most of the shipwrecks. The Spanish teamed up with the Spanish to attack the British colonists in the early 1700s. Without government, the islands were taken over by pirates.

The Bahamas became a British Crown Colony in 1718, but over the next decades the Spanish battled for control. The Bahamas were handed over to Britain with the 1783 Treaty of Paris. With the loss of the American colonies, British loyalists from the United States began to populate the Bahamas along with their slaves, establishing plantations until slavery was abolished. This caused conflict between the colony of the Bahamas and the United States, as the islands had been a stop on the slave trade routes, and the British refused to be part of it, instead freeing the slaves.

In 1964, the Bahamas became a self-governing nation, gaining independence as a Commonwealth in 1973.

Neighboring Countries : 
Nearby nations include Cuba, Dominican Republic and Haiti, Turks and Caicos, and the US state of Florida.

Major Cities : 

Geography of Bahamas

An island nation within the Caribbean in the Atlantic Ocean, the Bahamas are made up of over 700 islands and cays. Fewer than 40 of these are inhabited by humans, however. The major islands of the Bahamas include Andros Island, the largest in the country, followed by Great Inagua, as well as Grand Bahama, Great Abaco, Eleuthera, San Salvador, Acklins, Mayaguana, Crooked Island, and Cat Island. As an island nation, much of the country lies in coastal regions with pink sandy beaches and coral reefs.

These tropical islands were once heavily forested, but with the cultivation of cash crops, many of the forests were destroyed. Today the terrain is largely covered in mangrove swamps with rocky regions, and some pine and tropical forests,.

The islands are mostly flat, with the highest point, Mount Alvernia, sitting at an elevation of just 63 meters (206 feet) on Cat Island. There are no real rivers in the Bahamas, except the Goose River, which is really a tidal creek.

Bahamas Points of Interest:

The islands of the Bahamas are best known for the beautiful beaches and clear waters, as well as the colorful culture. In Nassau, visitors can explore the Old Town with its colonial era architecture mixed with vibrant and colorful buildings. The city is also home to several museums, including the Pirate Museum and art gallery. There are also old forts, like Fort Fincastle, which were used to protect the island in its early days. The markets of Nassau can be a great place to experience the local culture, although there are plenty of tourist traps as well.

Freeport is home to many pristine beaches, including Our Lucaya, Coral Beach, Taino Beach, and Xanadu Beach, among others. Additionally, the nearby Lucayan National Park is a national treasure, as the setting for the second and third Pirates of the Caribbean films and the home to one of the world's largest underwater cave systems. Both cities offer plenty of restaurants and nightlife opportunities for travelers and locals alike. More Travel Information...

Transportation : 
The major airports in the Bahamas are Nassau's Lynden Pindling International and Grand Bahama International in Freeport. There are also several smaller airports in other cities across the islands that can be a good way to get between the various islands. The other main way of getting into the Bahamas is by boat, with many cruise ships making stops in Nassau and Freeport. Many of these cruises depart from Florida and other Caribbean islands. Boats are also a popular way of getting around the islands, often as the cheapest method of travel. Boat travel can take much longer than air travel, but they are the main method of travel to many of the smaller islands.

In the major cities, plenty of taxis are available, but they can be somewhat expensive. Buses are available around Nassau, and minibuses known as the jitney, can be an inexpensive option.

List of Districts of Bahamas

DistrictPop-1953Pop-1990Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)Chief town
Abaco3,40710,0611,681649Marsh Harbour
Acklins Island1,273428389150Masons Bay
Andros7,1368,1555,9572,300Nicholls' Town
Berry Islands3276343112Bullocks Harbor
Biminis1,3251,638239Alice Town
Cat Island3,2011,678388150Arthur's Town
Cay Lobos525187Cay Lobos
Crooked Island83642323892Colonel Hill
Eleuthera6,0709,300518200Governor's Harbour
Grand Bahama4,09541,0351,373530Freeport
Harbour Island840(a)42Dunmore Town
Inagua9999851,671645Matthew Town
Long Cay80(b)239Albert Town
Long Island3,7553,107448173Clarence Town
Mayaguana61530811042Abraham's Bay
New Providence46,125171,54220780Nassau
Ragged Island32089239Duncan Town
Rum Cay133(c)7830Port Nelson
San Salvador69453916363Cockburn Town
Spanish Wells686(a)10Spanish Wells


Last Updated : February 24, 2020

The current official flag of Bahamas was adopted on 10th July 1973 and comprises of three horizontal stripes in aquamarine and gold color, the gold stripe lies in the middle of aquamarine stripes. The flag also consists of a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side.
Official Name The Independent Commonwealth of Bahamas
ContinentNorth America
Lat Long24 15 N, 76 00 W
Area13,878 km2 (5,358 sq mi)
Largest CityNassau
Official LanguagesEnglish
Major ReligionProtestant 69.9% (includes Baptist 34.9%, Anglican 13.7%, Pentecostal 8.9% Seventh Day Adventist 4.4%, Methodist 3.6%, Church of God 1.9%, Brethren 1.6%), Roman Catholic 12%, other Christian 13% (includes Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), other 0.6%, none 1.9%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)
National Day10 July (1973)
Form of GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Vice PresidentNA
Prime MinisterHubert Minnis
CurrencyBahamian Dollar (BSD)
GDP$11.055 billion 2012 estimate
Calling Code+1 242
Time ZoneEST (UTC-5) Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
GovernorDame Marguerite Pindling