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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island nation located in the Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean. Neighboring islands include Grenada, Barbados, and Saint Lucia. The capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is Kingstown.
Map of St Vincent and the Grenadines
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History of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were occupied by the Carib Indians before the first Europeans arrived. Enslaved Africans who were either shipwrecked or escaped from the nearby islands of Grenada, Honduras, and Barbados sought refuge on the main island of Saint Vincent and intermarriages with the natives resulted to the ancestors of present-day Vincentians, who are the Black Caribs.
The first Europeans to colonize the islands were the French during the early 1700's, but they ceded the territory to the British in 1763. The French regained control in 1779 but the islands were again controlled by the British in 1783.

Uprising from the Black Caribs immediately started to occur that year, which lasted until 1796 when the British crushed the locals and deported majority of them to Roatan, which is an island off the coast of Honduras.

In the early 1960's, the islands joined the union of British colonies in the region called the West Indies Federation, driven by the desire to revolt against the British rule. The union was short lived and it collapsed in 1962.

The islands were granted associated state status on October 27, 1969, and eventually, they acquired full independence on its 10th year anniversary of statehood in 1979. However, until present day, the country still recognizes the head of the British monarchy as their head of state.

Geography
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is located in the eastern portion of the Caribbean Sea. It is comprised of the main island of Saint Vincent and more than 30 other inhabited and uninhabited islands that make up 2/3 of the Grenadines, which stretches from the southern tip of Saint Vincent until the northern tip of Grenada.

The islands are part of the Lesser Antilles Island arc, which is found on the southern portion of the Windward Islands. To its north is St. Lucia and to its east is Barbados.

Polities
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II and she is represented by the islands' Governor General, who mainly serves ceremonial duties.

The actual control of the government is vested on the Prime Minister and his cabinet. The Legislative branch is controlled by the unicameral House of Assembly, which consists of 15 members and 6 members who are regarded as Senators. All members are elected to serve for 5 years.

Travel
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a popular tourist destination in the Caribbean. With more than 30 islands, both inhabited and uninhabited, the country is famous for its serene beaches, popular beach resorts, natural wonders, as well as remote and secluded private beaches.

Among the most popular islands is Mustique, which is a privately-owned island and regarded as a playground to the stars. Many celebrities, rock stars, and the ultra rich spend their holidays within the 2 famous luxury resorts found here, which are Firefly Hotel and the Cotton House Hotel.

Another popular private island for the rich is Petit St. Vincent, or otherwise known as PSV, which is famous for its secluded ocean-front villas. The island of Bequia is the country's most popular yachting destination, and also dubbed as another tourist spot for the rich.

And another popular island is Union Island, which has its very own airport, marina, and a lively tourist center with plenty of shops and restaurants.

For an unforgettable road trip, the Leeward Highway is the epitome of the Saint Vincent travel experience. The 40-km road from the capital of Kingston to the popular Richmond Beach exposes travelers to local villages, coconut plantations, small fishing villages, ancient structures such as the Carib Rock, and end with the popular swimming area of Richmond Beach.

Education
Primary education in the country is free but not compulsory. About 98% of primary level-age children attend school, with about 77% of them being able to finish. And about 60% of all secondary-level age children attend school.

The country spends 10% of its annual GDP on education, and its adult literacy rate is 96%. A teacher's training college is available but a large number of students also acquire their education abroad.

Trivia
  • The people of the country are called Vincentians, where about 55% of the population are Carib Indians.
  • The country's economy depends mainly on its banana production industry and its tourism industry.
  • Famous Hollywood movies have filmed on the islands, which include the White Squall and the first 3 Pirates of the Caribbean movies.

ParishPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Charlotte38,00014957Georgetown
Grenadines9,2004316Port Elizabeth
Saint Andrew6,7002911Layou
Saint David6,7008031Chateaubelair
Saint George51,4005220Kingstown
Saint Patrick5,8003714Barrouallie
6 parishes117,800389150

Last Updated : November 17, 2016

The flag of St. Vincent & The Grenadines was officially adopted on October 21, 1985.
Lat Long13.1992° N, 61.2109° W
Area389 sq km
Population109,365 (2011 Census)
CapitalKingstown
Largest CityKingstown
Official LanguagesEnglish
National DayIndependence Day, 27 October (1979)
Form of GovernmentParliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
PresidentQueen Elizabeth II
Vice PresidentFrederick Ballantyne (Governor-General)
Prime MinisterRalph Gonsalves
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar
GDP$11,900 (2012 est.)
Calling Code+1 784
Time Zone(UTC-4)
Internet TLD.vc



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