Nicknamed 'The Yellowhammer State', Alabama is divided into 67 counties. Birmingham is the most populous city in the state while Mobile is the oldest. Montgomery was declared as the state capital on January 28, 1846.
History of Alabama
Before the European colonization, various indigenous people belonging to different cultures lived in the present-day Alabama. There were people of the Paleo-Indian culture, the Archaic Period, the Woodland period and the Mississippian culture. The Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama shows ample evidence of the Mississippian culture that played a dominant role in the state from 1000 to 1600 AD.
In the year 1540, a Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto paid documented visit to the region. At the time, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Muskogean, Choctaw, Creek and the Koasati tribes were settled here. After the defeat of the French by the British in the Seven Years' War, the region was handed over to the British in 1763. After the American Revolutionary War
had gained control on the region till April 1813, after which it was conceded to the Union forces and later became the 22nd state of the union.
Alabama played a pivotal role in the American Civil War, where it supplied around 120,000 soldiers to the war front. In 1868, it was readmitted to the union after the pro-union southerners. Industrialization during the Reconstruction Era gave boost to agriculture-based economy. Today, Alabama ranks high in the manufacturing of milk, soybeans, wheat, cotton, fruits, livestock and corn.
Geography of Alabama
Located in the southeastern region of the United States, Alabama shares its borders with Georgia
on the east, Tennessee
on the north, Mississippi
on the west and Florida
and the Gulf of Mexico on the south. The state of Alabama is spread over a total area of 52,419 square miles making it the 30th largest state of the United States. The state of Alabama can be divided into five major land areas: East Gulf Coastal Plain, the Appalachian Ridge and Valley, the Piedmont Upland, Highland Rim and the Cumberland Plateau.
Cheaha Mountain is the highest point in the state of Alabama standing at an altitude of 735 meters above the sea level. Alabama has coastal plains towards the Gulf of Mexico while towards the north it comprises of broken terrains and hills. Some of the major cities of Alabama are Huntsville, Mobile, Birmingham
, Florence, Madison and Montgomery
. The average temperature of the state ranges from a high of 91.5 degree Fahrenheit to a low of 30.0 degree Fahrenheit.
Travel Destinations in Alabama
Unpretentious towns, southern etiquette, gulf shores and groovy jazz tunes are woven into the fabric of the 'Cotton State'. The pristine sea beaches of Alabama have a distinctive flavor and a magical appeal of its own. US Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville houses a large collection of space artifacts and military aircraft. Battleship Memorial Park reflects Alabama's military history. Cheaha State Park features natural springs, campsites and beautiful terrain.
Beaches along the Mobile Bay beckon many residents and out-of-towners to cool off. Popular tourist attractions such as Huntsville Botanical Garden, Birmingham Zoo and McWane Science Center make Alabama a gem of the South.
Transportation in Alabama
- By Air - Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport (BHM) and Huntsville International Airport (HSV) are major gateways to Alabama.
- By Train - Amtrak's Crescent serve three stations in the state: Birmingham, Anniston and Tuscaloosa.
- By Road - I-10, I-20, I-59 and I-65 are the major interstate highways in Alabama.
Education in Alabama
The state has 67 county school boards and around 1,541 individual schools. University of Alabama, Auburn University, Troy University, University of South Alabama and University of North Alabama are prestigious institutions for higher education. Read more here.
Facts about Alabama
- There is, in fact, a place called Sweet Home in Bessemer, Alabama.
- The 17-m-high Vulcan in Birmingham is the largest cast iron statue in the world.
- The city of Huntsville is called The Rocket Capital of the World. More Facts...
Last Updated on: February 21, 2019