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The state of Mississippi is located in the Southern United States. It is the 32nd largest state by area and the 32nd most populous state in the US. Jackson is the state capital and the largest city. The state has 82 counties.
History Of Mississippi
The area was inhabited by Paelo-Indians for thousands of years. The Woodland and Mississippian cultures built prosperous agricultural societies in the region. The Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes of Native Americans were the descendants of the Mississippian culture.
The Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was the first European explorer to explore the region in the mid 16th century. Around the early 18th century, French settlers established colonies and trading posts in the territory. As a result of English victory in Seven Years' War, the French surrendered the area in the Treaty of Paris (1763).
After the American Revolution, Mississippi was created from land ceded by Georgia and South Carolina. It was the 20th state admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817. When “cotton was king” in the 1850s, local plantation owners profited due to fertility of soil and large number of slaves for labor. On January 9, 1861, Mississippi dropped out from the Union to found the Confederate States. After the Civil War, it joined the Union on February 23, 1870.
With imposition of Jim Crow and racial segregation laws, the state underwent a lot of racial turmoil till the mid 20th century. Call for social equality by African-Americans resonated throughout the 1930s and 40s. Hurricane Camille (1969) and Hurricane Katrina (2005) devastated the Mississippi Gulf Coast.
Geography of Mississippi
The state covers an area of 48,430 square miles. It shares border to the east by Alabama, to the north by Tennessee, to the south by Louisiana & Gulf of Mexico, and to the west by Arkansas & Louisiana. Most of its land falls under the East Gulf Coastal Plain. The northeastern region of Mississippi features fertile lands with black soil while in the northwestern part of the state lies the famous Mississippi Delta.
Other significant geographical features of the state include the Black and Central Prairies, Tennessee Hills, Pontotoc Ridge, the low-lying region of Flatwoods, and large bays along the coastline. Woodall Mountain, with an elevation of 246 meters, is the highest point in the state. The Mississippi River defines the state's western boundary. Mississippi enjoys a warm summer with abundant precipitation and mild winters.
Travel Destinations in Mississippi
Mississippi is famous for Delta blues, down-home cuisine, rich heritage, and outdoor adventure. The Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, State Capitol, Old State Capitol, Jackson Zoo, Eudora Welty House, and Mississippi Museum of Art are some of the most visited places in Jackson. Vicksburg National Military Park, Gulf Islands National Seashore, Natchez Trace Parkway, and Rock & Blues Heritage Museum are popular destinations in Mississippi.
Transportation in Mississippi
Jackson-Evers International Airport (JAN) and Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport (GPT) are the busiest airports in Mississippi.
Amtrak's Crescent and City of New Orleans route serve the state.
I-10, I-20, I-22, and I-55 are some of the primary interstate highways in the state.
Education in Mississippi
There are 152 school districts in Mississippi. The pupil to teacher ratio for schools in the state is lower than the national average. For higher education, the state has nine public universities, 15 public community colleges, and eight private colleges. Mississippi State University, University of Mississippi, and University of Southern Mississippi are some of the notable four-year institutions in the state.
Facts about Mississippi
Last Updated on: February 21, 2019
- With over 63% church attendance, it is the most religious state in the US.
- In 1995, the state ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which wasn't made unofficial until 2013.
- Greenwood is known as the Cotton Capital of the World. More Facts.