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Between the Great Smoky Mountains in the east and the curves of Mississippi River in the west, the state of Tennessee is located in the southeastern United States. Tennessee is also called the 'Volunteer State' because of the role played by volunteer soldiers during the War of 1812, specifically during the Battle of New Orleans.
History of Tennessee
The region was first inhabited by Paleo Indians some 12,000 years ago. The first recorded European contact was made by the Spanish explorer, Hernando de Soto, in the year 1540. This was followed by the expedition of Tristan de Luna in 1559 and Juan Pardo in 1567. Due to the influx of European colonists; tribes of Muscogee and Yuchi were forced to move to other regions.
The first colony of the British Empire was established in 1756 near what is today known as Vonore. Following the French and Indian Wars in the year 1763, Great Britain acquired the area of the state of Tennessee. In 1776, the 13 colonies achieved their independence from the British and Tennessee was declared a free state. On 1 June, 1796, Tennessee was accepted into the Union as the 16th state and Knoxville was made its capital. Tennessee played a vital role and was the deadliest battleground in the American Civil War.
Geography of Tennessee
Tennessee is a landlocked state surrounded by eight other US states. Tennessee is divided into six major land regions and they comprise of the Blue Ridge, Highland Rim, Gulf Coastal Plain, Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region, Nashville Basin and Appalachian Plateau.
The state’s highest point, Clingmans Dome, is located at an altitude of 6,643 feet (2,025 meters). The major rivers of the state are Tennessee River, Mississippi River and Cumberland River while the major lakes are the Kentucky Lake, Norris Lake, Cherokee Lake, etc. The average monthly temperature varies from 91.5 degree Fahrenheit to 27.8 degree Fahrenheit.
Travel Destinations in Tennessee
Tennessee is famous for legendary whiskeys, smoking barbeques and rockabilly and blues music. The Beale Street in Memphis is the place to be and to savor down-home blues music with eclectic cuisine. A natural splendor within 521,454 acres, Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the most visited national park in the US. Frozen Head State Park is another protected area with plenty of year-round recreational offerings.
Elvis Presley's Graceland remains a mecca for every beatnik who “was dancin' to the Jailhouse Rock”. The National Civil Rights Museum, where Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated, chronicles the journey of Civil Rights Movement. Country Music Hall of Fame, Creative Discovery Museum, STAX museum and American Museum of Science and Energy are other famous museums in Tennessee. Craighead Caverns, Dollywood in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee Aquarium at Chattanooga, Memphis Zoo and Parthenon in Nashville are the most popular attractions in Tennessee.
Transportation in Tennessee
1 - By Air-
Memphis International Airport (MEM) and Nashville International Airport (BNA) are two international gateways to the state.
2 - By Train-
Amtrak operates the City of New Orleans through the state, with two stops at Newbern Depot and Memphis Central Station.
3 - By Road-
Interstate Highways (I-40, I-24, and I-75) and U.S. Highways (US 64, US 70, and US 41) connect the major cities in Tennessee.
Education in Tennessee
The state has two systems of public higher education: the University of Tennessee system and the Tennessee Board of Regents. The school system in Tennessee is divided into 142 districts. Read more here
Facts about Tennessee
- Bristol is famously known as 'The Birthplace of Country Music'.
- The Lost Sea in Sweetwater is the largest underground lake in America.
- During the Civil War, it was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederate states.More Facts...
Last Updated on: February 22, 2020
Map of Cities in Tennessee