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Between the Great Smoky Mountains in the east and the curves of Mississippi River in the west, the state of Tennessee is located in the upper southeastern United States. The 'Volunteer State' borders North Carolina, Kentucky, Virginia, Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Memphis is the largest city while the state capital is Nashville.
History of Tennessee
The region was first inhabited by Paleo Indians some 12, 000 years ago. The first recorded European contact was made by the Spanish explorer, Hernando de Soto, in the year 1540. This was followed by the expedition of Tristan de Luna in 1559 and Juan Pardo in 1567. Due to influx of European colonists, tribes of Muscogee and Yuchi were forced to move to other regions.
British’s first settlement was established in 1756 near what is today known as Vonore. Following the French and Indian Wars in the year 1763, Great Britain acquired the area. On 1 June, 1796, Tennessee was granted into the Union as the 16th state and Knoxville was made its capital. In the Civil War, Tennessee played a vital role and was the deadliest battleground.
Geography of Tennessee
Tennessee is a landlocked state surrounded by eight other US states. It ranks as the 36th largest state with an area of 42,143 square miles. Tennessee is divided into six major land regions and they comprise of the Blue Ridge, Highland Rim, Gulf Coastal Plain, Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region, Nashville Basin and Appalachian Plateau.
The state’s highest point, Clingmans Dome, is located at an altitude of 2,025 meters (6,643 feet). The major rivers of the state are Tennessee River, Mississippi River and Cumberland River while the major lakes are the Kentucky Lake, Norris Lake, Cherokee Lake, etc. The average monthly temperature varies from 91.5 degree Fahrenheit to 27.8 degree Fahrenheit.
Travel Destinations in Tennessee
Tennessee is famous for legendary whiskey, smoking barbeques and rockabilly and blues music. The Beale Street in Memphis is the place to be to savor down-home blues music with eclectic cuisine. A natural splendor within 521,454 acres, Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the most visited national park in the US. Frozen Head State Park is another protected area with plenty of year-round recreational offerings.
Elvis Presley's Graceland remains a mecca for every beatnik who “was dancin' to the Jailhouse Rock”. The National Civil Rights Museum- built where Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated- chronicles the journey of Civil Rights Movement. Country Music Hall of Fame, Creative Discovery Museum, STAX museum and American Museum of Science and Energy are other famous museums in Tennessee. Craighead Caverns, Dollywood in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee Aquarium in Chattanooga, Memphis Zoo and Parthenon in Nashville are the most popular attractions in Tennessee.
Transportation in Tennessee
1 - By Air-
Memphis International Airport (MEM) and Nashville International Airport (BNA) are two international gateways to the state.
2 - By Train-
Amtrak operates the City of New Orleans through the state, with two stops at Newbern Depot and Memphis Central Station.
3 - By Road-
Interstate Highways (I-40, I-24, and I-75) and U.S. Highways (US 64, US 70, and US 41) connect the major cities in Tennessee.
Education in Tennessee
The state has two systems of public higher education: the University of Tennessee system and the Tennessee Board of Regents. The school system in Tennessee is divided into 142 districts. Read more here
Facts about Tennessee
- Bristol is famously known as 'The Birthplace of Country Music'.
- The Lost Sea in Sweetwater is the largest underground lake in America.
- During the Civil War, it was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederate states.
Last Updated on: May 05, 2017
|Area||42,143 sq mi (109,247 km2)|
|Population||6,549,352 (2014 est)|
|Time Zone||East Tennessee Eastern: UTC -5/-4, Middle and West Central: UTC -6/-5|
|Lt. Governor||Ron Ramsey|
|U.S. Senator||Lamar Alexander, Bob Corker|
|Abbreviation||TN, Tenn. US-TN|
|Joined the Union||June 1, 1796|
|Nickname||The Volunteer State|
|Highest Point||Clingmans Dome|
|Lowest Point||Mississippi River at Mississippi border|