Africa is situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, with the Red Sea to the northeast. The equator bisects the African continent in two nearly equal halves, creating an equatorial climate across most of the continent. The climates around Africa are somewhat like a mirror-image on either side of the equator.
The major geographic features of Africa include the coastal plains, the Atlas Mountains, the Ethiopian Highlands, and several deserts. The Sahara Desert, the third largest in the world, covers most of northern Africa, with an area of 9,400,000 square kilometers - about as large as the entire United States. In the south, the Kalahari Desert has similar conditions, though it is much smaller in comparison to the Sahara, at 900,000 square kilometers.
The Atlas Mountains traverse northwestern Africa, through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Other ranges include the Ahaggar Mountains and the Mitumba Mountains, and Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro standing 5,895 meters above sea level.
Last Updated On : October 31, 2012