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The Earth's land is separated into large landmasses called continents. One definition of the term continent describes distinct and separate large landmasses,like Australia and Antarctica, which are disconnected from any other land.
Other common practices allows a looser definition of the term, which defines continents based on additional factors, separating Europe from Asia or North America from South America.
The World Continent map shows seven continents, but there are other models that show six continents, five continents, or four continents, created by considering certain continents one entity rather than two entities.
The continental landmasses are concentrated more in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere in terms of area.
In terms of area, Asia leads the continents in size, followed by Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
Division of Continents
The Isthmus of Suez connects the continents of Asia and Africa, the Isthmus of Panama joins North and South America. Comparing to the area of landmasses that these isthmuses join, both of those are quite narrow.
No isthmus or sea separates Asia from Europe, which explains reasoning behind the concept of Eurasia, that is Europe and Asia as a single continent. This is one of the six-continent models of the world. This view, held by some geographers, is generally only popular in Russia, some Eastern European countries and Japan.
The continents of North America and South America are usually considered separate continents, though earlier in history, they were viewed as single continents and were known collectively as America. Even today, some countries in South America consider the two to be one continent.
Another theory relating to the division of continents came as the four-continent model. In this model, continents are defined as discrete landmasses. According to the theory Asia, Europe and Africa form a single continent called Afro-Eurasia, and the total number of continents becomes four: Afro-Eurasia, America, Antarctica, and Australia.
Spreaded upon southern Asia and separates Africa and Australia
It encircles Antarctica, considered an extension of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans
A sea of the Atlantic, which washes upon northern North America & Eurasia and covers much of the Arctic
Variations of Continents
Other continental divisions include supercontinents and subcontinents.
The term supercontinent is used to describe the landmasses with more than one craton or continental core. The examples are Columbia, Gondwana, Kenorland, Laurasia, Pangaea, and Rodinia. Eurasia is a contemporary example of a supercontinent.
Some parts of a continent may fall on different tectonic plates from the rest. These are known as subcontinents. The Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Peninsula are some of the best examples of subcontinents.
Submerged continents are areas of continental crust that are mostly covered by the sea. One notable example is Zealandia, which is under the sea in New Caledonia and New Zealand.
There are a number of islands located on sections of continental crust that have drifted away from the main landmass. These are too small to be considered continents, so they are referred to as microcontinents. Madagascar is the largest example of microcontinent.
The first thing that you would notice on a world continent map is the Asia. It is the largest and most populous continent in the world. Situated in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Asia has an overall area of 44,579,000 sq. km. (that constitute 8.6% of the total surface area of the earth) and a population of almost 4 billion people (60% of the human population of the world). Know More...
Following are some useful information on Asia:
89/km2 (226/sq mi)
UTC+2 to UTC+12
The second largest continent that you would find in a world continent map is the Africa. It is also the second most populous continent in the world after Asia. The continent is bordered by the Red Sea and the Suez Canal to the northeast, Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Africa has 53 countries excluding the disputed territory in the Western Sahara. It also has a number of island groups. Know More...
Following are some of the useful information about Africa:
North America is located in the northern and western hemisphere of the earth. Surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Arctic Ocean on the north, the North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Caribbean Sea and the South America on the southeast, North America is the third largest continent after Asia and Africa with an overall area of about 24,709,000 sq. km. Know More...
Following are some of the useful information on North America:
The fourth-largest continent in the world, South America is located in the Western Hemisphere and in the Southern Hemisphere. A small part of the continent is also located in the Northern Hemisphere. Know More...
Following are some of the useful information on South America:
It is the southernmost continent in the world. Located in the Antarctic region in the southern hemisphere, underlying the South Pole, Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Almost 98 percent of the continent is covered by ice with an average thickness of at least 1.6 km. Know More...
Following are some useful information on Antarctica:
Europe is the second smallest continent in the world in terms of surface area with an area of 10,180,000 sq. km. However it is the third most populous continent with an estimated population of around 731,000,000. Know More...
It is the smallest continent in the world. According to one theory, the continent Australia only includes the Australian mainland, not the nearby islands like New Guinea or Tasmania. However, another theory says, those islands have to be included into the continent as they share the same geological landmass. Know More...
Following are some useful information on Australia:
Australia, Papua New Guinea, and portions of Indonesia
GMT+10, GMT+9.30, GMT+8
You can learn about various continents in the world and their characteristics by going through various world continent maps provided by Mapsofworld.com. Mapsofworld.com also offers a wide variety of world maps, which will help you to know this world and its continents better.