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Covering an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers (3,930,000 square miles), Europe is the second smallest continent in the world after Australia. Home to 739,000,000 people, Europe makes up about 11 percent of the total world population. Europeans boast a rich culture that has flourished around the continent since early stages of human history. The seat of Western Culture, Europe saw the growth of the great civilizations of the Greeks and Romans.
Europe was also the birthplace of the Renaissance and Reformation. Great thinkers and philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle; artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo; explorers and scientists like Christopher Columbus, Galileo, Newton and Einstein, were all born on European soil. Europe also saw the rise of Industrial Revolution, which brought major changes in the fields of agriculture, transportation, and manufacturing. The cultural, historical, and political diversity of Europe is greater than any other continent of the world.
Russia (3,955,818 square kilometers of Russia are in Europe) Ukraine is the largest country entirely in Europe (579,330 square kilometers)
Vatican City (0.44 square kilometers)
Modern Europe is split into Eastern Europe and Western Europe on the basis of political and economic alliances. Though there are many different possible ways to divide the continent, the United Nations Organization has identified 9 countries, all located in western Europe, that are designated 'Western Europe' because of their common economic and cultural interests. Those countries are Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Monaco, France, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland.