Biography of John Quincy Adams - the 6th President of the US

John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States. He served as the president of USA from 1825 to 1829. Before being elected as the president, he served his country in different capacities. John Quincy Adams became the president of the country in the 1824-25 U.S. Presidential Elections, overwhelming a number of powerful opponents.

Zachary Taylor
John Quincy Adams was the sixth President of the United States. He was the son of John Adams, who was the second president of the nation. A Unitarian by religion, Adams was born on July 11, 1767.

Prior to becoming the sixth president of the U.S., Adams served his nation in different capacities such as the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives, the 8th United States Secretary of State, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, United States Ambassador to Russia, United States Senator from Massachusetts, United States Ambassador to Prussia, and United States Ambassador to the Netherlands.

John Quincy Adams served as the 8th United States Secretary of State for almost eight years (1817-1825).

Early Life of John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts. His father was John Adams and his mother was Abigail Adams. He is one of the two father-son Presidents of the U.S., the other being George W. Bush. Adams studied in Leiden University and Harvard University. He became a graduate in 1788 and after completing his studies, he visited many countries including Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. At the age of just 26, Adams was designated as United States Ambassador to the Netherlands. In 1797, Adams became a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Subsequently, he was designated as United States Ambassador to Germany. He married Louisa Catherine Johnson on July 26, 1797 in London, United Kingdom.

Presidential Life

John Quincy Adams became member of different parties such as Democratic-Republican, Federalist, National Republican, and subsequently Whig and Anti-Masonic parties. As United States Secretary of State, he played a key role in preparing the Monroe Doctrine. In the 1824-25 United States Presidential Election, he entered the contest and the other candidates were William H. Crawford, John C. Calhoun, Andrew Jackson, and Henry Clay. On the day of election, Andrew Jackson emerged victorious, however, he could not get the essential number of electoral votes. According to the Twelfth Amendment, the House of Representatives chose John Quincy Adams as the sixth President of the United States. He also attained the support of Henry Clay, another presidential candidate. After leaving office, he served as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Full Name:John Quincy Adams
Date of Birth:July 11, 1767, Braintree, Massachusetts
Died on:February 23, 1848, Washington, D.C.
Burial site:First Unitarian Church, Quincy, Massachusetts
Parents:John and Abigail Smith Adams
Spouse:Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852; m. 1797)
Children:George Washington (1801-1829); John II (1803-1834); Charles Francis (1807-1886); Louisa Catherine (1811-1812)
Education:Harvard College (B.A., 1787)
Government ranks:Minister to the Netherlands, Prussia, and Russia; U.S. Senator and representative (Mass.); peace commissioner at the Treaty of Ghent; secretary of state under James Monroe
Political Party:Democratic-Republican
President Term:March 4, 1825-March 4, 1829
Age when assumed office:57
Outcome of the Elections
1824Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular VotesElectoral Votes
John Quincy Adams (Democratic-Republican)10874084
Andrew Jackson (Democratic-Republican)15354499
William H. Crawrford (Democratic-Republican)4713641
Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)4661837
Presidential Term and its details
Dates:March 4, 1825-March 4, 1829
Vice President:John C. Calhoun (1825-29)
Snapshot of John Quincy Adams's life
1767Born in Massachusetts
1775American Revolutionary War begins
1787Earns degree from Harvard College
1790-94Works as attorney in private practice in Boston
1794-97Serves as minister to Holland
1796Father John Adams elected president
1797-1801Serves as minister to the Court of Prussia
1803-8Serves in the U.S. Senate as a Federalist from Massachusetts; recalled by special election in 1808
1809-15Serves as minister to Russia during presidency of James Madison
1812War of 1812 begins
1815-17Serves as minister to Great Britain; negotiator of Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812
1817-24Serves as U.S. Secretary of state; writes the Monroe Doctrine
1825-29Serves as sixth U.S. President
1831-49Serves in the U.S. House of Representatives from Plymouth District, Massachusetts
1841Serves as co-counsel on the Amistad case argued before the U.S. Supreme Court, delivering the closing argument
1844Successful in rescinding a Congressional gag rule on slavery
1846Opposes U.S. Conflict with Mexico
1848Dies in Washington, D.C.

List of Vice Presidents in the US

Aaron Burr BiographyGeorge Clinton BiographyMartin Van Buren Biography
Adlai E Stevenson BiographyGeorge M Dallas BiographyMckinley William Biography
Al Gore BiographyGerald Ford BiographyMillard Fillmore Biography
Alben Barkley BiographyHannibal Hamlin BiographyNelson Rockefeller Biography
Andrew Johnson BiographyHarry S Truman BiographyRichard M Johnson Biography
Calvin Coolidge BiographyHenry A Wallace BiographyRichard Nixon Biography
Charles Curtis BiographyHenry Wilson BiographySchuyler Colfax Biography
Charles Dawes BiographyHubert Humphrey BiographySpiro Agnew Biography
Charles Fairbanks BiographyJames S Sherman BiographyTheodore Roosevelt Biography
Chester Arthur BiographyJohn Adams BiographyThomas Hendricks Biography
Dan Quayle BiographyJohn C Breckinridge BiographyThomas Jefferson Biography
Daniel D Tompkins BiographyJohn C Calhoun BiographyThomas R Marshall Biography
Dick Cheney BiographyJohn Nance Garner BiographyWalter Mondale Biography
Elbridge Gerry BiographyJohn Tyler BiographyWilliam King Biography
Garret Hobart BiographyLevi P Morton BiographyWilliam Wheeler Biography
George Bush BiographyLyndon B Johnson Biography

Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017