Biography of Martin Van Buren - the 8th President of the US

Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) was elected as the eighth President of the United States of America in the US Presidential Election 1836. He served as the US President from 1837 to 1841. He was well recognized as a diplomat.
Martin Van Buren
Before being elected as the President,Martin Van Buren held the responsible position of US Vice President from 1833 to 1837. Besides being the eighth Vice President, he was also the 10th Secretary of State under the then President Andrew Jackson.

Martin Van Buren played a successful role as a diplomat. When he was a member of the State Senate, he supported the War of 1812. He had a conflict with DeWitt Clinton that led to a break up in 1813. He also tried to oppose the plan of Clinton to construct the Erie Canal in 1817. Though Martin opposed Clinton's plan, he supported a bill to raise money for the canal through state bonds. And, when finally the Erie Canal with a 96 mile stretch opened, Martin Van Buren tried to win the political mileage.

The supporters of Martin were always by his side who assured money for the canal. the supporters ultimately run Clinton out from the governor's office. Martin was the 11th Governor of New York for a brief period in 1829.

Martin Van Buren had a key role to play in the organization of the Democratic Party. He was an important figure in the Second Party System. When he became the US President in 1833, there were troubles inside the country which had to dealt with by this non-English descendant. Dutch was the first language of Martin. the Panic of 1837 broke out during his Presidency. He always opposed the creation of a new Bank of the United States. He devoted his life for the opposition of slavery. For this cause Van Buren even blocked the annexation of Texas. Martin Van Buren inflicted a defeat in the hands of the Whigs in the re-election in 1840.

Full Name:Martin Van Buren
Date of Birth:December 5, 1782, Kinderhook, New York
Died on:July 24, 1862, Kinderhook, New York
Burial site:Kinderhook Cemetery, Kinderhook, New York
Parents:Abraham and Maria Hoes Van Alen Van Buren
Spouse:Hannah Hoes (1783-1819; m. 1807)
Children:Abraham (1807-1873); John (1810-1866); Martin (1812-1855); Winfield Scott (1814-1814); Smith Thompson (1817-1876)
Religion:Dutch Reformed
Education:No formal education
Government ranks:New York state senator; U.S. Senator and governor of New York; secretary of state and vice president under Andrew Jackson
Political party:Democratic
President Term:March 4, 1837-March 4, 1841
Age when assumed office:54
Outcome of the Elections
1836Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular votesElectoral votes
Martin Van Buren / Richard M. Johnson (Democratic)762678170
William Henry Harrison / Francis Granger (Whig)55081673
Hugh Lawson White (Whig)14610726
Daniel Wbester (Whig)4120114
Willie Person Mangum (Whig)Unknown11
Presidential Term and its details
Dates:March 4, 1837-March 4, 1841
Vice President:Richard Mentor Johnson (1837-41)
Snapshot of Martin Van Buren's life
1782Born in New York
1796Graduates from Kinderhook Academy; serves as clerk for lawyer and begins studying law
1803Passes New York bar; sets up law practice in Kinderhook
1813-20Serves in New York senate
1815-19Serves as New York attorney general
1821-28Serves as U.S. Senator from New York
1828Elected governor of New York; resigns in March 1829 to join President Andrew Jackson's cabinet as secretary of state
1831Resigns as secretary of state and is nominated by Jackson as minister to England, but the nomination is rejected by Congress
1832Helps establish the democratic party, which nominates Jackson for second term; Jackson wins election with Van Buren as vice president
1837-41Serves as eighth U.S. President
1837Banks close in Philadelphia and New York City on May 10, beginning the Panic of 1837 and a depression that lasts throughout Van Buren's term
1838Van Buren continues Jackson's Indian policy, culminating with the Trail of Tears, when thousands of Native Americans are forced westward from the Southeast to present-day Oklahoma
1840Loses presidential election to William Henry Harrison
1844Despite being the favorite, Van Buren loses the Democratic party presidential nomination to dark-horse candidate James K. Polk
1848Runs for president as a member of the Free Soil party but receives only 10 percent of the vote
1862Dies in New York

List of Vice Presidents in the US

Aaron Burr BiographyGeorge Clinton BiographyMartin Van Buren Biography
Adlai E Stevenson BiographyGeorge M Dallas BiographyMckinley William Biography
Al Gore BiographyGerald Ford BiographyMillard Fillmore Biography
Alben Barkley BiographyHannibal Hamlin BiographyNelson Rockefeller Biography
Andrew Johnson BiographyHarry S Truman BiographyRichard M Johnson Biography
Calvin Coolidge BiographyHenry A Wallace BiographyRichard Nixon Biography
Charles Curtis BiographyHenry Wilson BiographySchuyler Colfax Biography
Charles Dawes BiographyHubert Humphrey BiographySpiro Agnew Biography
Charles Fairbanks BiographyJames S Sherman BiographyTheodore Roosevelt Biography
Chester Arthur BiographyJohn Adams BiographyThomas Hendricks Biography
Dan Quayle BiographyJohn C Breckinridge BiographyThomas Jefferson Biography
Daniel D Tompkins BiographyJohn C Calhoun BiographyThomas R Marshall Biography
Dick Cheney BiographyJohn Nance Garner BiographyWalter Mondale Biography
Elbridge Gerry BiographyJohn Tyler BiographyWilliam King Biography
Garret Hobart BiographyLevi P Morton BiographyWilliam Wheeler Biography
George Bush BiographyLyndon B Johnson Biography

Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017