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Biography of Woodrow Wilson - the 28th President of the US

Woodrow Wilson was elected the 28th US President in the US Presidential Election 1912 and continued in his office till 1921 after being re-elected in the US Presidential Election 1916. As a stalwart of the Democratic Party, he has defeated Republican rivals as formidable as William Howard Taft and theodore Roosevelt.
Woodrow Wilson
It was during the reign of Woodrow Wilson that US sent its army in the World War I.Despite taking part in the World War I, Wilson took many radical measures to restore peace in the world. the peace initiatives won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.

Woodrow Wilson was born in the year 1856 in Virginia. He was fathered by Reverend Dr. Joseph Wilson. Woodrow Wilson spent a large portion of his childhood in Georgia. He also stayed in South Carolina and North Carolina. Finally he graduated from Princeton. He earned his Ph.D. in the subjects of Political Science and History in 1886 from Johns Hopkins University. He made a mark in the history of US Presidents for being the only President with a Ph.D.

In the early part of his career, Woodrow Wilson served as a faculty in a number of institutions namely Wesleyan University, Bryn Mawr College, Evelyn College for Women, New York Law School, and Princeton University. The trustees of the Princeton University elected Woodrow Wilson as its president. He resigned from the Princeton University in 1909 after which, he moved into the state politics of New Jersey.

Woodrow Wilson was elected the New Jersey Governor on the ticket of Democratic Party. During his tenure as the Governor, the public utility commission was revamped. the compensation for the workers was introduced as well.

In the US Presidential Election 1912, Woodrow Wilson won a large number of electoral votes, which helped him become the US President. During his Presidential tenure, Wilson approved a number of Acts into laws.

Facts
Full Name:Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Date of Birth:December 28, 1856, Staounton, Virginia
Died on:February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.
Burial site:National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.
Parents:Joseph and Jessie Woodrow Wilson
Spouse:Ellen Louise Axson (1860-1914; m. 1885); Edith Bolling Galt (1872-1961; m. 1915)
Children:Margaret Woodrow (1886-1944); Jessie Woodrow (1887-1933); Eleanor Randolph (1889-1967)
Religion:Presbyterian
Education:Princeton University (B.A., 1879; M.A., 1882); University of Virginia Law School (LL.B., 1881); Johns Hopkins University (Ph. D., 1886)
Profession(s):Lawyer; Princeton University president; professor
Government ranks:New Jersey governor
Political party:Democratic
President Term:March 4, 1913-March 4, 1917 (first term); March 4, 1917-March 4, 1921 (second term)
Age when assumed office:56
Outcome of the Elections
1912Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular votesElectoral votes
Woodrow Wilson / Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)6293454435
Theodore Roosevelt / Hiram W. Johnson (Progressive)411953888
William Howard Taft / James S. Sherman (Republican)34849808
1916Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular votesElectoral votes
Woodrow Wilson / Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)9129606277
Charles Evans Hughes / Charles W. Fairbanks (Republican)8538221254
Presidential Term and its details
Dates:March 4, 1913-March 4, 1917 (first term)
March 4, 1917-March 4, 1921 (second term)
Vice President:Thomas Riley Marshall (1913-21)
Snapshot of Woodrow Wilson's life
1856Born in Virginia; family moves to Georgia the following year
1882Opens law office in Atlanta, Georgia
1883Enrolls at Johns Hopkins University to prepare for a career as an academic
1885Publishes first book, Congressional Government; beings teaching at Bryn Mawr College
1888-89Teaches at Wesleyan College; publishes second book, The State
1890Takes academic position at Princeton University
1893Publishes book about the Civil War, Division and Reunion
1902-10Serves as president of Princeton
1911-13Serves as governor of New Jersey
1912Defeats incumbent president William Howard Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt in three-party presidential race
1913-21Serves as twenty-eighth U.S. President
1914Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary is assassinated, beginning a series of events that results in World War I; first lady Ellen Wilson dies
1915United States remains neutral in the war despite the loss of more than one hundred Americans in the German torpedoing of British ocean liner Lusitania; Wilson marries Edith Bolling Galt
1916Troops are sent to Mexico; Wilson wins close election to second term
1917United States settles with Mexico; diplomatic relations with Germany are broken; United States enters World War I
1918Wilson gives famous “Fourteen Points” Speech, which includes reasons for American involvement in war, terms for peace, and his vision of a League of Nations; armistice signed in November
1919Wilson helps negotiate Treaty of Versailles in Paris in undertakes grueling tour to win popular support for it' suffers a stroke
1921Retires; stays in Washington
1924Wilson dies in Washington

Some of the Acts that were signed into law by Woodrow Wilson include:
  1. The Federal Reserve Act - The central banking system of USA, the Federal Reserve System was created following the implementation of this Act.

  2. The United States Revenue Act of 1913 - The basic federal income tax tariff rates were slashed from 40% to 25% after this Act was imposed.

  3. Federal Farm Loan Act - This Act helped in the establishment of 12 regional Farm Loan Banks. these banks helped considerably in the improvement of farmers in US.

  4. National Prohibition Act - the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was enforced following the imposing this Act. the production, sale and import of liquor was banned after the implementation of this Act.

The National Park Service Act was passed for the conservation of the heritage sites and greeneries. To ensure the pride of the country during the World War I, Woodrow Wilson signed two Acts namely Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act of 1918.

The other incident that has helped Woodrow Wilson emerge as one of the prominent US Presidents is his speech to a joint session of US on 8th January, 1918. This speech emphasized 14 points, collectively termed as the 'Fourteen Points'. these points were mainly targeted at the nations involved in World War I. the speech was meant to end the war. He tried to form a League of Nations, which would maintain the integrity among the territories and the political freedom among each of the nations. He attended the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to materialize the ideal of the League of Nations. the Treaty of Versailles was passed in this Conference which helped in the termination of World War I.

Though Woodrow Wilson succeeded in putting an end to the war, he failed to persuade US, join the League of Nations. This failure has been described as one of the biggest failures in the history of US politics.

Woodrow Wilson lost his health while mobilizing the public sentiment for the Treaty of Versailles. He breathed his last in the year of 1924.

 
List of Vice Presidents in the US
 
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Charles Curtis BiographyHenry Wilson BiographySchuyler Colfax Biography
Charles Dawes BiographyHubert Humphrey BiographySpiro Agnew Biography
Charles Fairbanks BiographyJames S Sherman BiographyTheodore Roosevelt Biography
Chester Arthur BiographyJohn Adams BiographyThomas Hendricks Biography
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Daniel D Tompkins BiographyJohn C Calhoun BiographyThomas R Marshall Biography
Dick Cheney BiographyJohn Nance Garner BiographyWalter Mondale Biography
Elbridge Gerry BiographyJohn Tyler BiographyWilliam King Biography
Garret Hobart BiographyLevi P Morton BiographyWilliam Wheeler Biography
George Bush BiographyLyndon B Johnson Biography

Last Updated Date: July 8, 2016



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