James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. or popularly called Jimmy Carter was born on October 1, 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and more importantly the Nobel Peace laureate of 2002.
Jimmy Carter served twice as the Georgia Senator, before the presidentship and was the 76th Governor of Georgia (1971 to 1975). During Carter’s presidency he created two cabinet-level departments – the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He also founded a National Energy Policy and removed price controls over indigenous petroleum production. He also worked for less American reliance on foreign oil sources. He shielded the Social Security system by introducing a controlled increase in the payroll tax. In international affairs, Jimmy Carter prosecuted the Camp David Accord.
He also supervised the Panama Canal Treaties and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). He openly supported the basic human rights as a critical element of international policies of the Americans.
The last year of his presidential term was commanded by the Iran hostage shortage. the United States fought to rescue diplomats and American citizens who held hostage in Tehran.
Ted Kennedy loudly challenged Carter for the Democratic Party selection, which Carter won and Kennedy lost. However Carter lost the presidential election in 1980 to his Republican competitor Ronald Reagan.
After retiring from office, Jimmy Carter established the Carter Center to look over global health, democracy and human rights. He has traveled widely to supervise international elections, conduct peace treaties and found relief efforts. He is the earliest living president and the second-oldest living president declared lately in 2007.
|Full Name:||James Earl Carter Jr.|
|Date of Birth:||October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia|
|Parents:||James Earl and Lillian Gordy Carter|
|Spouse:||Elenor Rosalynn Smith (1928- ; m. 1946)|
|Children:||John William (Jack) (1947- ); James Earl (Chip) III (1950- ); Donnel Jeffrey (1952- ); Amy Lynn (1967- )|
|Education:||U.S. Naval Academy (B.S., 1947)|
|Profession(s):||Farmer; warehouseman; navy lieutenant|
|Government ranks:||Georgia state senator and governor|
|President Term:||January 20, 1977-January 20, 1981|
|Age when assumed office:||52|
Outcome of the Elections
|1976||Presidential / Vice Presidential Candidates||Popular votes||Electoral votes|
|Jimmy Carter / Walter Mondale (Democratic)||40977147||297|
|Gerald R. Ford / Robert Dole (Republican)||39422671||240|
Snapshot of Jimmy Carter’s life
|1924||Born in Georgia|
|1946||Graduates from U.S. Naval Academy|
|1953||Leaves the navy nuclear-powered submarine program to take over the family peanut farm|
|1963-67||Serves as Georgia state senator|
|1971-75||Serves as Georgia governor|
|1977-81||Serves as thirty-ninth U.S. President|
|1979||Iran takes fifty-two American embassy officials hostage; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan (United States responds by boycotting 1980 Olympics in Moscow)|
|1980||Loses presidential election to Ronald Reagan|
|1982||Founds the Carter Center, a nonprofit organization that promotes human rights, Improved public health, and advances in agriculture|
Presidential Term and its details
|Dates:||January 20, 1977-January 20, 1981|
|Vice President:||Walter F. Mondale (1977-81)|