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39th President of the US – Jimmy Carter

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James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. or popularly called Jimmy Carter was born on October 1, 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and more importantly the Nobel Peace laureate of…


James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. or popularly called Jimmy Carter was born on October 1, 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and more importantly the Nobel Peace laureate of 2002.

Jimmy Carter served twice as the Georgia Senator, before the presidentship and was the 76th Governor of Georgia (1971 to 1975). During Carter’s presidency he created two cabinet-level departments – the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He also founded a National Energy Policy and removed price controls over indigenous petroleum production. He also worked for less American reliance on foreign oil sources. He shielded the Social Security system by introducing a controlled increase in the payroll tax. In international affairs, Jimmy Carter prosecuted the Camp David Accord.

He also supervised the Panama Canal Treaties and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). He openly supported the basic human rights as a critical element of international policies of the Americans.

The last year of his presidential term was commanded by the Iran hostage shortage. the United States fought to rescue diplomats and American citizens who held hostage in Tehran.

Ted Kennedy loudly challenged Carter for the Democratic Party selection, which Carter won and Kennedy lost. However Carter lost the presidential election in 1980 to his Republican competitor Ronald Reagan.

After retiring from office, Jimmy Carter established the Carter Center to look over global health, democracy and human rights. He has traveled widely to supervise international elections, conduct peace treaties and found relief efforts. He is the earliest living president and the second-oldest living president declared lately in 2007.

Facts

Full Name: James Earl Carter Jr.
Date of Birth: October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia
Parents: James Earl and Lillian Gordy Carter
Spouse: Elenor Rosalynn Smith (1928- ; m. 1946)
Children: John William (Jack) (1947- ); James Earl (Chip) III (1950- ); Donnel Jeffrey (1952- ); Amy Lynn (1967- )
Religion: Southern Baptist
Education: U.S. Naval Academy (B.S., 1947)
Profession(s): Farmer; warehouseman; navy lieutenant
Government ranks: Georgia state senator and governor
Political party: Democratic
President Term: January 20, 1977-January 20, 1981
Age when assumed office: 52

Outcome of the Elections

1976 Presidential / Vice Presidential Candidates Popular votes Electoral votes
Jimmy Carter / Walter Mondale (Democratic) 40977147 297
Gerald R. Ford / Robert Dole (Republican) 39422671 240

Snapshot of Jimmy Carter’s life

1924 Born in Georgia
1946 Graduates from U.S. Naval Academy
1953 Leaves the navy nuclear-powered submarine program to take over the family peanut farm
1963-67 Serves as Georgia state senator
1971-75 Serves as Georgia governor
1977-81 Serves as thirty-ninth U.S. President
1979 Iran takes fifty-two American embassy officials hostage; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan (United States responds by boycotting 1980 Olympics in Moscow)
1980 Loses presidential election to Ronald Reagan
1982 Founds the Carter Center, a nonprofit organization that promotes human rights, Improved public health, and advances in agriculture

Presidential Term and its details

Dates: January 20, 1977-January 20, 1981
Vice President: Walter F. Mondale (1977-81)

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