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Biography of Abraham Lincoln - the 16th President of the US

The son of Frontiersman in Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln had to struggle to earn a living for his family. His childhood was mainly spent working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping stores.

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Formal education of Abraham Lincoln was restricted to 18 months of schooling but he read a number of books including the Life of George Washington. Abraham Lincoln's plain writing style also amused the people who were then used to grandiloquent rhetoric.

The Political career of Abraham Lincoln began in the year 1832 when he campaigned for the Illinois General Assembly, as a member of the Whig Party but was unsuccessful. Couple of years later, Abraham Lincoln succeeded in winning the election to the state legislature and the commentaries on the Law of England urged him to learn law. In the year 1837 he was admitted to the bar and began his practice with John T. Stuart. After serving four successive terms as a representative from Sangamon County in the Illinois House of Representatives, Abraham Lincoln became a leader of the Illinois Whig party. Although not very influential, Abraham Lincoln was elected in the U.S House of Representatives in 1846. In the year 1858 Lincoln ran for a seat as a Senator against Stephen A. Douglas which he lost but he gained National recognition which actually fetched him the Republican nomination for President in 1860.

With the victory of Abraham Lincoln in the Presidential elections of 1860 he became the 16th President of the United States of America. the Presidency of Abraham Lincoln was marked by his efforts to rally the Northern Democrats to the Union Cause and in the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 he went on to declare that the slaves within the confederacy to be completely free. the American Civil War was the most important event of President Abraham Lincoln's career. Read - Biography of Abraham Lincoln.

Facts about Abraham Lincoln
Full Name:Abraham Lincoln
Date of Birth:February 12, 1809, Hodgenville, Kentucky
Died on:April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C.
Burial site:Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois
Parents:Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln; Sarah Bush Johnston (stepmother)
Spouse:Marry Todd (1818-1882; m. 1842)
Children:Robert Todd (1843-1926); Edward Baker (1846-1850); William Wallace (1850-1862); Thomas “Tad” (1853-1871)
Religion:No formal affiliation
Education:No formal education
Government ranks:Illinois state legislator; U.S. Representative from Illinois
Political party:Republican
President Term:March 4, 1861-March 4, 1865 (first term); March 4, 1865-April 15, 1865 (second term)
Age when assumed office:52

Presidential Term and its details
Dates:March 4, 1861-March 4, 1865 (first term); March 4, 1865-April 15, 1865 (second term)
Vice President:Hannibal Hamlin (1861-65)
Secretary of the InteriorCaleb B. Smith (1861-62)
John P. Usher (1863-65)
Outcome of the Elections
1860Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular votesElectoral votes
Abraham Lincoln / Hannibal Hamlin (Republican)1866452180
John C. Breckinridge / Joseph Lane (Democratic [Southern])84795372
John Bell / Edward Everett (Constitutional Union [American])59063139
Stephen A. Douglas / Herschel V. Johnson (Democratic [Northern])137515712
1864Presidential / Vice Presidential CandidatesPopular votesElectoral votes
Abraham Lincoln / Andrew Johnson (Republican [National Union])2213635212
George B. McClellan / George H. Pendleton (Democratic)180523721
Snapshot of Abraham Lincoln's life
1809Born in Kentucky
1835-36Serves in Illinois state legislature
1847-49Serves in to the U.S. House of Representatives
1855Serves again in Illinois state legislature
1858Loses Senate race to Stephen Douglas, but achieves national recognition for the Lincoln-Douglas debates
1861-65Serves as sixteenth U.S. President
1861Civil War begins
1864Reelected president
1865Civil War ends; Lincoln assassinated; Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution-abolishing slavery-is ratified

Abraham Lincoln was re- elected to the post in 1864 and the end of the War was being heralded by the Union military triumphs. Abraham Lincoln was soft flexible in his approach towards the Southerners and encouraged them to join the union.

In 1865 on the 14th of April, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, an actor who believed that Lincoln was assisting the South.

List of Vice Presidents in the US
Aaron Burr BiographyGeorge Clinton BiographyMartin Van Buren Biography
Adlai E Stevenson BiographyGeorge M Dallas BiographyMckinley William Biography
Al Gore BiographyGerald Ford BiographyMillard Fillmore Biography
Alben Barkley BiographyHannibal Hamlin BiographyNelson Rockefeller Biography
Andrew Johnson BiographyHarry S Truman BiographyRichard M Johnson Biography
Calvin Coolidge BiographyHenry A Wallace BiographyRichard Nixon Biography
Charles Curtis BiographyHenry Wilson BiographySchuyler Colfax Biography
Charles Dawes BiographyHubert Humphrey BiographySpiro Agnew Biography
Charles Fairbanks BiographyJames S Sherman BiographyTheodore Roosevelt Biography
Chester Arthur BiographyJohn Adams BiographyThomas Hendricks Biography
Dan Quayle BiographyJohn C Breckinridge BiographyThomas Jefferson Biography
Daniel D Tompkins BiographyJohn C Calhoun BiographyThomas R Marshall Biography
Dick Cheney BiographyJohn Nance Garner BiographyWalter Mondale Biography
Elbridge Gerry BiographyJohn Tyler BiographyWilliam King Biography
Garret Hobart BiographyLevi P Morton BiographyWilliam Wheeler Biography
George Bush BiographyLyndon B Johnson Biography

Last Updated Date: July 8, 2016

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