Biography of Andrew Jackson - the 7th President of the US

Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) became the seventh President of USA in 1829. He received a very irregular education and at the tender age of 13, joined a local regiment during the American Revolutionary War. Andrew Jackson was the last US President,
Andrew Jackson
who had been a serviceman of the American Revolution. He was imprisoned during the war. He is the only President to have been a prisoner of war. During his military days, he engaged in the Creek War and the Battle of New Orleans. However, his greatest military achievement was the success of the First Seminole War, which acquired the territory of Florida from the Spain. the action was both appreciated and criticized in the political circle. One of his greatest critics was Thomas Jefferson.

His dedicated and brave military service got him promoted to higher ranks. Though a strict officer, Andrew Jackson was popular with his troops. He is said to be 'tough as old hickory' wood on the battlefield. This earned him the nickname 'Old Hickory'. Andrew Jackson was nominated for US President for the Democratic-Republican party by the Tennessee legislature in 1822. the party also honored him as the Senator in US Senate. However, it was this hard-to-crack military image that worked largely against him in the first Presidential elections, as many thought him to be unfit for the office of the President. This concern directly exhibited itself in the election of 1824.

In the Presidential Election in 1824, no majority could be received by a candidate (though the electoral and popular votes were won by Jackson). the House of Representatives got the final election decision, and selected John Quincy Adams as US President in 1825. This decision infuriated Jackson that led him later to call for the abolition of the Electoral College.

Full Name:Andrew Jackson
Date of Birth:March 15, 1767, Waxhaw, South Carolina
Died on:June 8, 1845, Nashville, Tennessee
Burial site:The Hermitage Estate near Nashville, Tennessee
Parents:Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson
Spouse:Rachel Donelson Robards (1767-1828; m. 1791 and in a second ceremony in 1794)
Children:Andrew Jr. (adopted; 1808-1865)
Education:No formal education
Profession(s):Attorney; soldier
Government ranks:U.S. Representative and senator from Tennessee; Tennessee state supreme court justice and senator; Florida territory governor
Political Party:Democratic
President Term:March 4, 1829-March 4, 1833 (first term); March 4, 1833-March 4, 1837 (second term)
Age when assumed office:61

Outcome of the Elections
1828Presidential / Vice Presidential Candidates Popular votesElectoral votes
Andrew Jackson / John C. Calhoun (Democratic)647231178
John Quincy Adams / Richard Rush (National Republican)50909783
1832Presidential / Vice Presidential Candidates Popular votesElectoral votes
Andrew Jackson / Martin Van Buren (Democratic)687507219
Henry Clay / John Sergeant (National Republican)53018949
Presidential Term and its details
Dates:March 4, 1829-March 4, 1833 (first term); March 4, 1833-March 4, 1837 (second term)
Vice President:John Caldwell Calhoun (1829-32)
None (1832-33)
Martin Van Buren (1833-37)
Snapshot of Andrew Jackson's life
1767Born in South Carolina a few days after his father dies
1780American Revolution spreads to the Carolinas; Jackson's oldest brother is killed; Jackson and his surviving brother robert are imprisoned by British soldiers; Robert and mother die of smallpox
1787Certified to practice law
1792Marries Rachel Donelson, whose husband, Lewis Robards, had petitioned for divorce in 1791
1793Robards, who never completed the original divorce proceedings, sues to divorce Rachel Jackson as an adulterer; Andrew and Rachel marry again in 1794
1796Jackson attends convention where the state of Tennessee is established
1796-97Serves as Tennessee's first member in the U.S. House of Representatives
1797-98Serves Tennessee as U.S. Senator
1798-1804Serves as justice on Tennessee Supreme Court
1803Commissioned as major general of Tennessee militia
1815Soundly defeats British forces in the Battle of New Orleans
1818Controversy over his killing two British citizens for inciting Seminole Indians to raid nearly leads to his censure by Congress
1821Serves as Governor of the Florida Territory
1823-25Serves as U.S. Senator from Tennessee
1829-37Serves as seventh U.S. President
1833Removes funds from the Second National Bank of the United States and disperses them in state banks; censured by Congress and vilified by opponents as "King Andrew;" censure is later erased (1836) from the Congressional Record
1837Retires to his home, The Hermitage
1845Dies in Tennessee

Finally, in the rematch at the US Presidential Election in 1828, Andrew Jackson defeated John Quincy Adams. In this election, Jackson formed an alliance with Vice President John C. Calhoun, Martin Van Buren, and former supporters of William H. Crawford. Jackson supporters named themselves Jacksonians or 'Jackson Men'. Jackson is held as the founder of the modern Democratic Party.

After he became the President, he took radical measures to abolish corruption from the President's office. the rotation policy of the employees in the office was implemented to prevent the increasing corruption of the bureaucracy. Though such a measure was not fully welcomed by his party supporters, he did not beckon to his party pressure and went ahead with his rotation theory.
Few of the other main incidents that mark the Presidential rule of Andrew Jackson from 1829 to 1837 include :

  1. Repayment of the total Federal Debt
  2. Implementing the theory of rotation in the office to prevent the growth of a corrupt bureaucracy
  3. Opposition to the Second Bank of the United States
  4. Nullification crisis that arose out of the disagreements over tariffs
  5. Advocating the policy named "Indian Removal" that authorized the President to pull off treaties to buy tribal lands in the east. these lands were bought in exchange of lands further west, beyond the existing US state borders.

Twice during his Presidency, in 1933 and 1935, attempts were made to harm Andrew Jackson physically. Though, he survived both the times. Later he died in 1845 at the age of 78.

After his death, three equestrian statues have been established in three different locations of US - Washington, Nashville and New Orleans in his memory. these statues have attracted a large number of tourists over the years.

A few of the popular quotations by Andrew Jackson include :
  • "One man with courage makes a majority".
  • "there are no necessary evils in government. Its evils exist only in its abuses".
  • "All the rights secured to the citizens under the Constitution are worth nothing, and a mere bubble, except guaranteed to them by an independent and virtuous Judiciary".

List of Vice Presidents in the US

Aaron Burr BiographyGeorge Clinton BiographyMartin Van Buren Biography
Adlai E Stevenson BiographyGeorge M Dallas BiographyMckinley William Biography
Al Gore BiographyGerald Ford BiographyMillard Fillmore Biography
Alben Barkley BiographyHannibal Hamlin BiographyNelson Rockefeller Biography
Andrew Johnson BiographyHarry S Truman BiographyRichard M Johnson Biography
Calvin Coolidge BiographyHenry A Wallace BiographyRichard Nixon Biography
Charles Curtis BiographyHenry Wilson BiographySchuyler Colfax Biography
Charles Dawes BiographyHubert Humphrey BiographySpiro Agnew Biography
Charles Fairbanks BiographyJames S Sherman BiographyTheodore Roosevelt Biography
Chester Arthur BiographyJohn Adams BiographyThomas Hendricks Biography
Dan Quayle BiographyJohn C Breckinridge BiographyThomas Jefferson Biography
Daniel D Tompkins BiographyJohn C Calhoun BiographyThomas R Marshall Biography
Dick Cheney BiographyJohn Nance Garner BiographyWalter Mondale Biography
Elbridge Gerry BiographyJohn Tyler BiographyWilliam King Biography
Garret Hobart BiographyLevi P Morton BiographyWilliam Wheeler Biography
George Bush BiographyLyndon B Johnson Biography

Last Updated on: September 28th, 2017