|London City Facts|
|Total Area||606 sq miles|
|Lat Long Coordinates||51.5171° N, 0.1062° W|
|Museum||Museum of Science & Industry, Greater Manchester Police Museum, Greater Manchester Police Museum, Imperial War Museum North|
|Universities||University of London, London's Global University, London Metropolitan University|
About city :
A historic city with a modern face that is full of surprises, London is the biggest city in Western Europe, the United Kingdom, and the European Union. With a population of more than eight million (and 14 million in the London metropolitan area) London is one of the world’s foremost cities in the fields of finance, culture, the arts, fashion, and cuisine. This global city is a trendsetter in various fields and attracts numerous tourists from around the world every year.
- By air : Londonis the best-connected city in the world by air, with the maximum number of flights arriving in this global city. Travelers can arrive in London from any of 6 airports: Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Stansted, Luton, and Southend. All the airports are well connected to the city by bus or tube routes, with accessibility to nearby railway stations. For travelers arriving at Heathrow, the Heathrow Express tube line is the most convenient way to get from the airport to the city.
- By train : Travelers can arrive in London by train from mainland Europe or the other parts of the UK.The operator Eurostar runs trains from Paris and Brussels, along a high-speed rail line which crosses the English Channel under the sea via the Channel Tunnel, and arrives at St. Pancras International Station.
- By bus : Bus services (called coach services in the UK) run by National Express, Eurolines, Megabus, and Greyhound offer reasonable fares and convenient access to London from many destinations in Europe and across the UK. Most bus services arrive at Victoria Coach Station near Buckingham Palace Road and the Victoria railway station. All the bus operators allow online booking in advance, which is good way to get a ticket at a lower fare.
- By car : If you’re fond of driving, you can always drive to London from mainland Europe or elsewhere in the UK. The M2 and M20 are the main motorways from the coastal towns of Folkestone and Dover (where travelers arrive from Europe) to London. From the shipping town of Southampton the main highway to London is the M3. From Scotland the main motorway to London is the M1, while the A1 is the highway from Scotland’s capital Edinburgh to London. The M25 circular motorway surrounds the city of London.
- Getting around London : Once in London travelers will find a number of options, including trains, buses (including London’s iconic red double-decker buses), and the London Tube that offer convenient ways to get around the city. The London taxis or black cabs are another option. Minicabs which can be pre-booked are another way of traveling around the city.
- Oyster Card : While in London, an easy way to pay for travel by bus and tube is the handy Oyster Card. Travelers can purchase an Oyster card and charge it up with a fixed sum. With every journey by tube or bus a sum is deducted. The fare on an Oyster card is less than the regular fare for that distance. When you leave the city you can hand back the card at an Oyster Customer Service kiosk and get a refund on the amount not yet used on your card.
The weather in London in summer is pleasant with temperatures ranging from 18 C to 30 C on very warm days. Summer evenings extend well into the night and are a great time to explore the city, as the mild weather is great for walking. In spring and autumn temperatures are chillier ranging from 11 C to 15 C. Winter in London gets very cold, and can be snowy, with daytime temperatures ranging from 2 C and 6 C, nighttime temperatures dip well below zero, though the Christmas lights brighten up the city. Be prepared for rainfall throughout the year, with peak rainfall occurring in August and November. While in London it is advisable to dress in layers and carry an umbrella or windcheater all year round.
Which is the best season to visit London ?
The summer months (May to July) are the best season to visit London as the weather is mild and evenings are longer, so you can make the most of the daylight hours to go sightseeing and enjoy the city’s attractions.
In and Around London :
There's a great deal to see and do in London and this vibrant city offers many attractions for tourists with varied interests and across all ages.
Things to do :
- See historic monuments and modern buildings : London is home to both historic and modern attractions. Some of London’s historic attractions are Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, the Tower of London,Tower Bridge, Marble Arch, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, and Trafalgar Square. London’s modern attractions include the London Eye, and eye-catching buildings such as the Gherkin and the Shard.
- Visit world-famous museums : London has numerous interesting museums and entryto many of them is free. From world famous art galleries to museums of science and history, to literary and cultural curiosities, London’s museums are a delight. There are around 240 museums recognized by the British government in London. Some of the largest and best museums in London are: the British Museum known for its collection of historical artifacts including the Rosetta Stone, the National Gallery famous for its grand collection of art including the British masters, the National Portrait Gallery that features portraits of the leading figures of British history, the Victoria and Albert Museum that showcases the historical and industrial heritage of the nation, the Natural History Museum a delight for all ages with amazing exhibits including a giant dinosaur skeleton, The Science museum a great place to introduce young minds to the wonders of science, the Tate Modern that showcases the best of modern British art, the Tate Britain, and theNational Maritime Museumin Greenwich.
- Watch a play : From Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre to the open air theatre at Regents Park, and London’s West End with many theatres in the Covent Garden, Haymarket, Leicester Square, and Shaftesbury Avenue area, London is one of the world’s leading theatre destinations of the world. Enjoy a theatrical classic or a musical at the historic theatre district in London.
- Discover the Blue Plaques : Placed all over London by the organization English Heritage, these plaques commemorate the locations where great figures in history including scientists and writers lived, worked, and made their mark. There are more than 800 plaques across the city and they mark the contributions of writers such as Dickens and Kipling, musicians such as Mozart and Jimi Hendrix, and thinkers such as Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx.
- Visit the Royal Parks and London Zoo : London has several green spaces within the city, which offer a refreshing break, jogging tracks, and even pubs and cafes to enjoy a leisurely snack. Some of the best-known Royal Parks are St James Park, Regents Park, Green Park, Hyde Park, and Kensington Gardens. London Zoo is near Regents Park and is well worth the visit to see its conservation efforts and collection of wildlife.
- Explore the London music scene : From Wembley Stadium to musicians playing at Tube stations, London has a lively music scene and caters to all tastes. From classical concerts to Britpop and alternative styles, you’re sure to find a venue that provides music to suit your taste in London.
- Visit Wimbledon : The world’s oldest and most prestigious tennis tournament, Wimbledon known for its green grass courts, pristine white dress code, and strawberries and cream, is well worth a visit, whether you’re a tennis aficionado or not. The Wimbledon Museum showcases the history of this grand tournament and at the entrance to Centre Court are inscribed the inspiring words of Kipling “If you can meet with triumph and disaster, and treat those two imposters just the same.”
- Watch a football match : If you’re a football fan, or just want to experience the thrill of watching a city live its passion, then grab a ticket for a football match and soak in the experience. London is home to more than 15 professional clubs and while many require advance booking to watch a match at the smaller ones you could show up at the football field and get a ticket on match days.
- Go skating : Ice skating is a popular London pastime in winter and you can find a number of rinks in London’s Leicester Square, East End, and City areas. Around Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens you can roller skating and speed skating enthusiasts displaying their skills and join them for a rollicking ride.
London offers an immense range of accommodation options for celebrities, heads of state, and regular travelers ranging from luxury and boutique hotels to bed and breakfast options for travelers on a budget. Some of the best accommodation options in London are :
|Luxury Hotels in London :|
|Boutique Hotels in London|
Where to eat in London
London is one of the world’s leading culinary destinations,wheremany famous chefs such as Gordon Ramsay have critically acclaimed restaurants. Some of the best restaurants in London are:
|Boutique Hotels in London|
Where to shop in London
A fashion center of the world, London is known for its range of large stores by leading retailers on Oxford Street and small outlets by avante garde designers in Brick Lane. The main shopping areas in London are in the West End (includingOxford Street, Bond Street, Regent Street and Covent Garden), Tottenham Court Road, Camden Town, Knightsbridge, Soho, Westfield, Westminster, and King’s Road in Chelsea.Some of London’s streets such as Savile Row,which is renowned for custom tailoring, are a legend in fashion. When in London you can also visit the leading retailers such as Selfridges and Marks & Spencer, and the world famous department stores – Harrods, Liberty, and Fortnum & Masons. Hamleys in Regent Street is a treasure trove of toys spread over seven floors, and a delight for parents and children, while the area around Charing Cross Road is a paradise for book lovers, with numerous second-hand bookshops in the area.Portobello Road Market is another delight for shoppers who enjoy browsing for antiques and collectible items.
Universities/Colleges in London
London is one of the world’s most sought-after academic destinations, with more overseas students coming to London than any other city worldwide. Some of the best colleges and universities in London are:
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE): Considered one of the best social sciences colleges in the world LSE is known for its neo-liberal slant and list of distinguished alumni that include Nobel laureates and heads of state.
School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS): This world-famous institute offers liberal arts and law courses with a focus on the Asian and African continents.
London Business School (LBS): One of the world’s most highly regarded MBA programmes is offered at this leading business school.
Imperial College London (ICL): A leading university in UK that offers courses in medicine, engineering, science, and business.
King's College: With three campuses located in central London, King’s College offers many highly regarded courses at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Queen Mary, University of London: One of the largest colleges in the University of London, Queen Mary attracts students from around the world for its range of high quality courses.
Entertainment Options in London
London is one of the world’s foremost entertainment destinations with plenty to offer for people of all ages. Some of the best known entertainment venues in Londonare:
Barbican Centre: The home of the London Symphony Orchestra which performs about 90 concerts every year, the Barbican is also a venue for theatre, film, and dance events.
Royal Albert Hall: Best-known for the BBC Proms, a festival of Western classical music, this grand hall hosts many excellent concerts through the year.
Royal Opera House: This venue, known for its fine acoustics, has hosted some of the world’s best opera artistes in their full-throated splendor, and is considered one of the world’s best opera houses.
O2 Shepherd’s Bush Empire: This concert venue seats around 1,300 people, and hosts a variety of cultural events around the year.
Southbank Centre: This venue has a royal festival hall which seats 3,000 people. Also in the complex are the Queen Elizabeth Hall that offers, theatre, jazz and pop music concerts, and the Purcell Room where poetry readings and chamber music events are held.
Old Vic: The place for theatre in London, this is not to be missed for fans of the theatre.
Sadler’s Wells: Reconstructed on the site of a 17th century theatre, this venue offers a range of theatrical performances all year round.
Shakespeare’s Globe: Watch a play from the pit in the new Globe theatre and be transported back the golden age of Elizabethan England as you experience true Shakespearean theatre.
Sports and Events in London
London has a range of sporting and cultural events throughout the year. Some of London’s major sports tournaments and cultural events are listed below:
Major Sports Events in London
- London Marathon (long-distance running) –the London Marathon lets it runners take a run through the city, starting at Greenwich Park and ending at the Mall.
- Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championship (tennis) - The third of the four tennis Grand Slam tournaments,the lawn tennis championships held every year in Wimbledon in July, is known for its keen competition between the world’s best players, unmatched sense of history, and delicious strawberries and cream. Premier LeagueFootball– Watching a football match in Wembley Stadium is an experience not to be missed if you’re a football fan in London.
- Oxford and Cambridge Boatrace– This historic boat race is held every year between students of these two leading educational institutions from Putney to Mortlake on the River Thames.
London has many venues for different sportsthat make upthe annual calendar of sporting events in the city.
Major Cultural Events in London
Chelsea Flower Show – this annual flower show is the place where celebrities mingle with the not-so-famous in the midst of floral beauty every year in May. Trooping the Colour – The official birthday parade of the Queen, the highlight of this ceremonial event has a grand parade where the Queen reviews her troops.
Notting Hill Carnival – A celebration of life in all its colors, this annual carnival held in August is a great way to see London loosen up and party. BBC Proms – held every year from mid-July to mid-September this series of concerts features some of the best new talents in Classical music.
Open House London Weekend – During theweekend of the third weekend of September many buildings (several hundred) which are not usually open to the public are thrown opened to everyone to view.
London Film Festival – Held every year from mid-October to early November, this festival of film introduces movie goers to the best of British and world cinema.
London Jazz Festival – This festival for Jazz lovers is held at various locations across the city.
Christmas decorations and New Year’s celebrations – The Christmas lights in Covent Garden, Regent Street and Trafalgar Square are a sight to be seen, and the New Year’s celebrations at Trafalgar Square are a great way to bring the curtain down on the New Year in London.
|Timeline of London|
Last Updated On : January 24, 2014