China, one of the potential superpowers of the world, is also the most populated and the fourth largest country of the world. China, officially People Republic of China, has 47 wonderful UNESCO’s World Heritage sites, making it the second country with most heritage sites in the world. Beijing is the capital and Shanghai is the largest city of the colorful country. China is divided into 23 provinces. 22 of the provinces are controlled by the People's Republic of China (PRC). The 23rd province, Taiwan, is claimed by the PRC but it is not controlled by the PRC and is thus a de facto.
The third most visited country of the world, China apart from its natural beauty and landscape, offers a glimpse of its traditional culture to its visitors in the form of its magnificent art, architecture, dance, paintings, literature, music, films, etc. Besides, China’s diverse cuisine also depicts the country’s culinary history.
Located East of Asia, between 18° and 54° N latitudes and 73° and 135°E longitudes, China also shares the longest combined land border with fourteen countries in the world. China has maritime boundary with Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Vietnam and Taiwan. Also, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea border the country. China has a total area of 9,596,960 km2. Climatically this country experiences wide range of climate type from sub-arctic in the north and tropical in the south. China also boasts of diverse landscape with wide grassland dominating the north, deltas in the center, and the east and hilly region in the south.
China, since its economic liberalization in 1978, has been experiencing fast economic growth. In fact as per 2013 data, China has world’s second largest economy in term of nominal GDP. China also has strong science, technology and infrastructure base. Agriculture is also a main driver of China’s economy and it is the world leader in agricultural output in gross value.
China comprises twenty-three provinces (if Taiwan is included), five autonomous administrative regions, and four directly administered municipalities.
|Autonomous Regions of China:||Municipalities of China:||Special Administrative Regions:|
|Guangxi ||Beijing ||Hong Kong |
|Inner Mongolia ||Chongqing||Macau|
|Ningxia ||Shanghai|| |
|Xinjiang ||Tianjin|| |
|Name||People's Republic of China|
|Area||9,596,961 square kilometers|
|Population||1,349,585,838 (July 2013 estimate)|
|Form of Government||Single-party state (Communist Party) |
|National Day||October 1, 1949 (PRC founded)|
|Head of State||President Xi Jinping, Vice President Li Yuanchao|
|Head of Government||Premier Li Keqiang|
|GDP||$12.38 trillion (2012 est.)|
|Major languages||Standard Chinese/Mandarin, Yue, Wu|
|Major religions||Daoism, Buddhism|
Note - Population :
|Division||Population: 1999-12-31 estimate||Area(km.²)||Area(mi.²)||Conventional||Capital|
|Guangxi Zhuang||46,575,918||235,001||90,734||Kwangsi Chuang||Nanning|
|Nei Mongol||23,383,101||1,181,104||456,027||Inner Mongolia||Hohhot|
|Ningxia Hui||5,432,891||52,188||20,150||Ningsia Hui||Yinchuan|
|Xinjiang Uygur||17,734,799||1,743,441||673,146||Sinkiang Uighur||Urumqi|
1999-12-31 estimate. Source: Chinese National Bureau of Statistics.
Last Updated on: February 20, 2019