New York Facts

New York was admitted to the Union on July 26, 1788 as the 11th state of the US. The capital of the state is Albany and the biggest city is New York City. The state covers a total area of 47,126 sq miles and it is the 27th largest state in the US. The residents of New York are called New Yorkers. Read stirring facts and trivia about New York to develop your knowledge.

Quick Facts

Official Name New-york
Area54,556 sq mi (141,300 km2)
Largest CityNew York City
Official LanguagesNone ( Spoken : English (only) 72% Spanish 14% Others 14%
Time ZoneEastern: UTC -5/-4
GovernorAndrew Cuomo (D)
Lt. GovernorKathy Hochul
U.S. SenatorChuck Schumer, Kirsten Gillibrand
AbbreviationNY, US-NY
Joined the UnionJuly 26, 1788
NicknameThe Empire State
Highest PointMount Marcy
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean
Official Websitewww.ny.gov

Thumbnail of New York Infographic

Click to view full Infographic

Location and Geography: One of the most prominent states in the US, New York has had a significant impact on the geography and culture of the Northeastern area of the United States, which is also known as the East Coast or the Eastern Seaboard. New York is bordered by several other US states, some of the Great Lakes, the Atlantic Ocean, and Canada.

Counties and Regions: New York is organized into 62 administrative counties, but it has also been divided into eleven larger and more recognizable general regions, which are as follows:
  • Chautauqua/ Allegheny
  • Greater Niagara/ Niagara Frontier
  • Finger Lakes
  • Thousand Islands/ Seaway
  • Central-Leatherstocking/ Central Region
  • Adirondack Mountains
  • Catskill Mountains
  • Hudson Valley
  • Saratoga/ Capital District
  • New York City
  • Long Island

Major Cities: The most famous city in New York is, of course, New York City itself. It is one of the most populated cities in the country. Many of the other highly populated cities in New York State, such as Mount Vernon, New Rochelle, and Yonkers, are located close to New York City. The capital of New York State is in fact the city of Albany, which is another major region (although it has less than 1/80th of the population of New York City). Some of the other well-populated cities include Buffalo, Syracuse, and Rochester.

Population: New York City is home to the state’s most concentrated population, with more than 8 million people living here. New York State as a whole has a population well upwards of 19 million.

Story Behind the Name: Like many places in the Eastern United States, New York State has a British origin to its name. It was originally colonized by the Dutch whoreferred to it as New Netherland. However, the British annexed the region in 1664 and named it New York after the British Duke of York, James Stuart.

History and Colonization: New York was one of the thirteen original colonies from which the United States would later grow. The area had been populated by Native American tribes for thousands of years, and in the 16th century, European colonizers began to settle in the region. In the 1760s, about a century after the British acquired it from the previous Dutch settlers, New York would become one of the major staging grounds of the American Revolution.

The struggle between the Patriots and the Crown was a heated and bloody one in New York, and New York City was captured and retaken several times. New York submitted a Constitution in 1777 that declared independence from British rule, and would prove to be a source of many ideas for the later United States Constitution, which New York would be the eleventh state to ratify.

The 19th century saw New York become a center of industrialization, immigration, and innovation, most notably in the region of New York City. Millions of immigrants poured into New York from Europe and elsewhere, creating the legendary “melting pot” that would become a mainstay of American identity. The Erie Canal, completed in 1825, was an innovative project that connected the Hudson River to Lake Erie, meaning that there was now a navigable water route between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. Railways and other new forms of transportation developed all over the state, leading to the creation of the landmark New York City subways in the early twentieth century. New York became known around the world for its symbolic landmarks, such as the Statue of Liberty and the famous New York City skyline.

By the 1900s, New York State (and New York City in particular) had cemented its place as a hub of American culture and commerce. During the Roaring Twenties, New York went through a period of sharp growth, giving rise to much of New York City’s unique architecture and the influential financial district of Wall Street. Even after so many years, New York maintains its place as one of the major gateways to the United States. Though industrial development has declined, it is known today as a center of the media and arts industries, in addition to simply being one of the most dynamic places in the country.

What is the capital of New York?
Albany is the capital of New York. It is on the west bank of the Hudson River. The metropolitan area of New York is 6,570 square miles and has an estimated population of 857,592. Major landmarks of the city are Times Square, Wall Street, Brooklyn Bridge, The United Nations Headquarters and the Statue of Liberty.

How big is New York?
The total area of New York is 54,556 square miles and it has an estimated population of 19,378,102. It is America's third most-populous state.

Which is the largest city of New York?
New York comprises sixty two cities. The largest city of the state is city of New York. The city is also called New York City to distinguish it from the state of New York. It is located on a natural harbor on the Atlantic coast of the northeastern United States. The city consists of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island.

Why is New York called "The Empire State"?
George Washington envisioned New York as the "seat of empire". It is also believed that in the nineteenth century, the word "empire" was used to suggest economic growth and prosperity. New York therefore gained this nickname because of its great wealth and natural resources.

What is the official language of New York?
New York has no official language. English is the de facto language of United States of America and is widely followed here also.

What is the religion of New York?
Majority of the population in New York are Christians. Catholics comprise 40% of the population, followed by Protestants (30%), Jews (8.4%), Muslims (3.5%), and Buddhists (1%), whereas 13% claim no religious affiliations.

What is the literacy rate of New York?
The average literacy rate of New York is 78%.

Who is the political leader of New York?
Politics of New York is liberal. It is governed by the constitution of the United States of America. It has an executive branch, consisting of the governor of New York and independently elected constitutional officers, the legislative branch, consisting of the New York legislature, and the judicial branch, consisting of state's highest court. Andrew Mark Cuomo is the current governor of New York. He was sworn into office on January 1, 2011. Robert John "Bob" Duffy is the seventy sixth lieutenant governor of New York. He assumed office on January 1, 2011.

When did New York achieve statehood?
New York became the eleventh state on July 26, 1788.

What are some of the famous places in New York?
Some of the important places in New York are Statue of liberty, Times square, St. Patrick's Cathedral, 40 Wall Street, Madison Square Garden, Buffalo-Niagara falls and Central Park.

What is the economy of New York like?
In 2007, the gross state product of New York was 1.1 trillion dollars. New York City dominates the economy of the state. Canada is an important economic partner of the state. The largest trade flows are with Canada, United Kingdom, Japan, Israel, and Switzerland. Its largest imports are oil, gold, aluminum, natural gas, electricity, rough diamonds and lumber. View New York Map for more information.

More New York Facts & Trivia
  1. The official motto of the state is "Ever upward."
  2. New York is bordered by Lake Champlain, Canada, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware River, Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and St. Lawrence River.
  3. The territory of NY achieved the status of a state on July 26, 1788, and became the 11th state of the U.S.
  4. The official bird is the Eastern Bluebird.
  5. Famous personalities from the of New York State include Humphrey Bogart, James Cagney, Tom Cruise, Lucille Ball, Washington Irving, Michael Jordan, Herman Melville, Rosie O'Donnell, John D. Rockefeller, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, Martin Van Buren, Mae West, and Walt Whitman.
  6. New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester are the three biggest cities in the state of NY
  7. The official fish of the state is the Brook Trout.
  8. Chinatown in NYC is the biggest Chinese society in the Western Hemisphere.
  9. The oldest museum in the world built particularly for children is the Brooklyn Children's Museum.
  10. Previously, the New York City was known as New Amsterdam.
  11. In 1931, the Empire State Building became the highest skyscraper in the world. It is a 102-storied structure. The height of the whole building is 1,250 feet.
  12. Broadway is one of the longest thoroughfares in the world.
  13. Macy's in NY is the largest department store in the world.
  14. With over 8.2 million inhabitants, the city of NY is the most densely populated city in the country.
  15. The official tree is the Sugar Maple.
  16. The official reptile of the state is the Common Snapping Turtle.
  17. With an altitude of 5,344 feet, Mount Marcy is the tallest point in the state of NY.
  18. The official slogan is "I Love New York." It is also the state song and the composer/lyricist of the song is Steve Karmen.
  19. Albany is a city of many names. The Mahicans called it Pempotowwuthut-Muhhcanneuw, or "the fireplace of the Mohican Nation." The Dutch called it Beverwijck, or "beaver district." The English named it after the Duke of Albany in 1664.
  20. New York City was the first capital of the United States

Know about New York State
New York is located in the northeastern region of the United States. It shares its borders with New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east. It has a maritime border with Rhode Island and an international border with Canada.

Video on Facts about New York

USA Facts
Alabama FactsLouisiana FactsOhio Facts
Alaska FactsMaine FactsOklahoma Facts
Arizona FactsMaryland FactsOregon Facts
Arkansas FactsMassachusetts FactsPennsylvania Facts
California FactsMichigan FactsRhode Island Facts
Colorado FactsMinnesota FactsSouth Carolina Facts
Connecticut FactsMississippi FactsSouth Dakota Facts
Delaware FactsMissouri FactsTennessee Facts
Florida FactsMontana FactsTexas Facts
Georgia FactsNebraska FactsUtah Facts
Hawaii FactsNevada FactsVermont Facts
Idaho FactsNew Hampshire FactsVirginia Facts
Illinois FactsNew Jersey FactsWashington Facts
Indiana FactsNew Mexico FactsWest Virginia Facts
Iowa FactsNew York FactsWisconsin Facts
Kansas FactsNorth Carolina FactsWyoming Facts
Kentucky FactsNorth Dakota Facts

American Revolution
American RevolutionDeclaratory Act 1766Ideas Expressed in The Declaration of Independence
Intolerable ActsFrance in the American RevolutionImpact of Revolution on Other Nations
First Great AwakeningAmerican Revolution FactsOriginal 13 Colonies Map
Who was Patrick HenryFounding Fathers of AmericaImpact of Declaration of Independence
American EnlightenmentRole of Women in American Revolution

Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017