What are the Key Facts of Alabama? | Alabama Facts - Answers

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What are the Key Facts of Alabama?

Map of Alabama
Map of Alabama State which lies in the United States



State Capital


Largest City



32.7°N 86.7°W


The Yellowhammer State, The Heart of Dixie

Postal Abbreviation



52,419 sq. mi (135,765 sq. km)

Highest Point

Mount Cheaha, 2,413 ft (735.5 m)

Neighboring States

Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi

Number of Counties



4,887,871 (2018)

Date of Entering the Union

14 December 1819

State Anthem



Kay Ivey (Republican)

Lieutenant Governor

Will Ainsworth (Republican)

U.S. Senators

Richard Shelby (Republican), Doug Jones (Democrat)

U.S. House Delegation

6 Republicans, 1 Democrat

GDP (millions of dollars)




Time Zones

UTC-06:00 (Central), Summer (DST): UTC-05:00 (CDT). Phenix City: UTC-05:00 (Eastern), Summer (DST): UTC-04:00 (EDT)

Where is Alabama?

Alabama is located in the USA’s southeastern region. The state shares its border with Tennessee to the north, Mississippi to the west, Georgia to the east, and both Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

What is the Geography of Alabama?

The state of Alabama is the 30th largest state in the United States of America in terms of area. It is spread across a total area of 135,765 sq. km (52,419 sq. mi), out of which 131,171 sq. km (50,645 sq. mi) is land area and 4,597 sq. km (1,775 sq. mi). This state has 3.2% of the water area.

Over 67% of the total land area (22 million acres equivalent to 89,000 sq km or 34,363 sq mi) is covered by forest. In terms of land and water area, Baldwin County is the largest country of the state and is located along the Gulf Coast. There are 1,350 miles (2,173 km) of navigable rivers in the state. This state has the second-largest inland waterway system in the USA.

Most of the landforms (around 3/5th) here in this state are gentle plain, which gently descends towards the Gulf of Mexico as well as the Mississippi River. Most of the mountainous terrain in the country is located in the northern part. The Tennessee River creates many creeks, mountains, rivers, streams, and lakes. It cuts a large valley. Alabama forms a 60 mi (96.56 km) long coastline along the Gulf of Mexico in the extreme south.

The state’s elevation range varies from more than 1,800 ft (550 m) of the Appalachian Mountains (located in the state’s northeastern region) to the sea level elevation at Mobile Bay. Mount Cheaha is the highest elevation point in this state at 2,413 ft (735 m). The Gulf of Mexico is the lowest elevation point in the state at 0 ft (0 m). The mean elevation of Alabama is 500 ft (150 m).

Major mountains here are Cheaha Mountain, Lookout Mountain, Monte Sano Mountain, Talladega Mountain, Oak Mountain, Taylor Mountain, Sand Mountain, Bald Rock Mountain, etc. Some of the major rivers are Alabama, Mobile, Tennessee, Tombigbee, Conecuh, and Chattahoochee. There are many lakes in the state too such as Guntersville Lake, Lewis Smith Lake, West Point Lake, Lake Martin, and Wilson Lake.

What is the Climate of Alabama?

As per Köppen climate classification, Alabama has a humid subtropical climate, where the average yearly temperature hovers around 18 °C (64 °F). While the northeastern part of the state (where the Appalachian Mountains dominate the landform) has a slightly cooler temperature, the southern part (especially the regions near the Gulf of Mexico) has a warmer climate.

The summers remain hot, and the winters remain mild. During summer, the average high temperature reaches over 32 °C (90 °F) in some parts of Alabama. An abundant rainfall (56 inches or 1,400 mm) along with thunderstorms takes place throughout the year. During the summer as well as spring seasons, hailstorms take place occasionally. Fogs generally occur along the coast. The occurrence of dense fogs is rare. Tropical storms and hurricanes usually take place in the southern parts of this state.

What is the Economy of Alabama?

The total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for Alabama was US$221,735.5 million in 2018, an increase from US$210,364.4 million in 2017 (as per the US Bureau of Economic Analysis). The economy of Alabama is dependent upon various heavy industries (such as mineral extraction, automobile manufacturing, fabrication, and steel production).

This state has also heavily invested in health care, education, aerospace, and banking. The major employers in Alabama are Redstone Arsenal, the University of Alabama at Birmingham (including UAB Hospital), State of Alabama, Maxwell Air Force Base, and Mobile County Public School System.

The rate of unemployment (seasonally adjusted) in this state was 3.8% in October 2018, which decreased to 3% in September 2019. The state is relatively poorer than the other fifty states, and the median family income remains significantly below the national average. It is the 6th poorest state in the USA. The Poverty Sheet of this state shows that over 800,000 residents of 17.2% of the total population in this state live below the federal poverty line, which is higher than the 14% national average.

What is the Transportation System of Alabama?

Alabama maintains worldwide connectivity with the help of 92 airports, 1,300 miles (2,092 km) of commercially navigable waterways, 3,700 miles (5955 km) of the railway network, six interstate highways, and many more. Huntsville International Airport is one of the busiest international Cargo airports in the United States. The state has over 75,000 miles (120,701 km) of paved public roads, connecting 160 metropolitan areas. Estimates show that 29 million tons of cargo are shipped yearly from the Port of Mobile’s public terminals. There are 16 Freight Railroads and Five Class 1 Railroads.

Why is Alabama called the “Yellowhammer State”, “Heart of Dixie”, or the “Cotton State”?

Alabama is also known as “the Yellowhammer State”, “Heart of Dixie”, and the “Cotton State”. The state is nicknamed after its state bird – Yellowhammer.

In the 19th and the 20th centuries, this state was one of the many cotton-producing states in the country. As it was located in the central position among the southern states (known as Dixie South), the state is known as the “Cotton State”. As many other Southern states could have claimed the same nickname, the Alabama Chamber of Commerce first noted that the state is located in the Heart of Dixie. In 1951, a bill was passed and the phrase “Heart of Dixie” was added to the license plates. It first officially appeared in 1955.

What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Alabama?

The most popular tourist spots in this state are the US Space and Rocket Center, Civil Rights Memorials of Montgomery, Gulf State Park, USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park, Birmingham Civil Rights Institute and the Civil Rights Historic District, Mobile Bay, McWane Science Center, Birmingham Zoo, Huntsville Botanical Gardens, Barber Motorsports Park and Museum, etc.

Related Links:

Related Maps:
Map of USA Depicting Location of Alabama
Location of Alabama
Alabama County Map
Alabama County Map
Map of the United States

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