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Facts about Alabama

Alabama Facts

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Location and Geography : Alabama is located in the center of America’s Deep South, in between the states of Mississippi and Georgia. Like many states near the Gulf of Mexico, it has a wet and humid climate that facilitates an agricultural society.

Counties and Regions : Alabama is divided into 67 counties, but can also be recognized as being made up of the following general regions:

  • Alabama Gulf Coast
  • Black Belt
  • Central Alabama
  • Greater Birmingham
  • Lower Alabama
  • Mobile Bay
  • North Alabama
  • Northeast Alabama
  • Northwest Alabama
  • South Alabama

Population : With its population on the rise, Alabama is now home to about 4.8 million people.

Major Cities : The biggest city in Alabama is Birmingham, which has upwards of 1.1 million people living in its metropolitan area. The state capital, Montgomery, is in second place for number of residents (about 200,000) but has a smaller metropolitan area than a few other towns such as Huntsville and Mobile.

Story Behind the Name : The name “Alabama,” or something very much like it, was originally the name of the native tribe that lived in the region. It is not certain what this word might have meant, but its possible meaning could be something like “thicket clearers” or “herb gatherers.”

History and Colonization : Native American civilizations flourished in what is now the American South before European contact occurred. Modern-day Alabama was first explored by the Spanish in the sixteenth century, but in later years both the French and British monarchies laid claim to it as well. The British gained complete control before losing the American Revolutionary War, and immediately ceded the land to Spain. Spain and the United States struggled over the territory for a while,
before Spain, on the cusp of the nineteenth century, handed it over through the Treaty of Madrid.

Under the control of the United States, present-day Mississippi and Alabama were combined into a single area known as the Mississippi Territory. In the early years of the nineteenth century, a war raged between the white settlers and the Native American tribes who were being pushed out of their lands, but the latter ultimately lost the conflict. Many tribes ceded land to the American government through various treaties. Shortly thereafter, Alabama and Mississippi were split up, and each was admitted to the union as a state within a few years of the other.

Alabama has been a heavily agricultural state for much of its history, and was the center of the slave-reliant cotton industry of the early- and mid-nineteenth century. As one of the first and most important states to join in the Confederacy during America’s Civil War, Alabama suffered greatly through the war and the eventual Southern defeat. Unlike many other areas of the South, Alabama’s economy continued to rely on cotton even after the slaves were freed, creating a great deal of economic depression. This would not be turned around until World War II, when industrial and military production rejuvenated the economy of the state.

Like other states in the Deep South, Alabama went through many political changes during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Efforts to end the disenfranchisement of blacks led to changing laws and the redrawing of districts, permanently changing the makeup of representation in the state. Today, Alabama is still invested greatly in its rural population and agrarian traditions, although urban populations and industrial interests are growing.

More Alabama Facts & Trivia


Alabama is the 22nd state of the United States. The capital of the state is Montgomery and the biggest city is Birmingham. The people of Alabama are known as Alabamians. It was admitted to the Union on December 14, 1819. The state gave birth to many famous people. Know all the important Alabama facts and trivia.
1) The Mardi Gras festival was first started by Alabama in the West. The festivities take place on Shrove Tuesday, which is the day prior to the start of Lent.

2) Alabama employees made the first rocket to send man to the moon.

3) In 1886, the oldest Electric Trolley System of the world was launched in Montgomery.

4) Alabama is the sole state in the United States, which houses all the important natural resources necessary to manufacture iron and steel. In addition, the state is the biggest provider of steel pipe and cast iron goods.

5) The capital of Alabama is Montgomery and it is the home-town of the Confederacy of America.

6) In 1861, the first Confederate flag was planned and hoisted in Alabama.

7) Alabama was admitted to the Union on December 14, 1819.

8) The township of Enterprise is home to the Boll Weevil Monument, which recognizes the task of this harmful pest in motivating cultivators to raise harvests excluding cotton.

9) Mobile, Alabama is famous for being the birthplace of the baseball star Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron.

10) Lafayette in Alabama is the birthplace of Joe Louis, the famous heavyweight boxing champion. Louis expired in 1981.

11) The official state song is "Alabama".

12) Westfield, Alabama is known for being the birthplace of Willie Howard Mays, the famous baseball star.

13) Russell Cave is the place where a skeleton of a primitive man was discovered.

14) With an elevation of 2,405 feet over sea level, the tallest summit of Alabama is the Cheaha Mountain.

15) Huntsville, Alabama is named the rocket capital of the world.

16) The oldest state-sponsored archival bureau in the country is The Alabama Department of Archives.

17) Fort Payne is home to a Museum and Fan Club of the famous musical band Alabama.

18) The first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere was carried out by Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill by stitching a knife injury in the heart of a young boy in 1902. This surgery took place in Montgomery.

19) In 1937, Alabama introduced its state sales tax to assist in sponsoring education.

20) Mobile houses famous schools like Huntsville Green Academy (established in 1812) and Washington Academy (established in 1811).

21) From 1817 to 1819, the first provincial capital of the state was Old Saint Stephens.

22) The Army Ballistic Missile Agency was set up in 1956 at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville.

23) George C. Wallace completed four terms as Governor of the state.

24) Heather Whitestone was first nominated as Miss America in 1995 with a handicap.

25) The geographical core of Alabama lies in Chilton, which is a town situated 12 miles southwest of Clanton.

26) The expression Alabama stands for an ethnic community in the Creek Indian language.

27) Fort McClellan houses the U.S. Army Chemical Corps Museum, which showcases more than 4,000 chemical operation objects.

28) Bessemer is famous for Adolf Hitler's typewriter, which lived to tell the tale from his mountain hideaway and is displayed at the Hall of History.

29) The formation of Blount County took place on February 7, 1818 and the age of the county is more than the state.

30) The Free State of Winston is another name of the Winston County. It obtained the name at the time of the Civil War.

31) The name of Mobile originated from the Mauvilla Indians.

32) The first psychiatric physician of Alabama was Peter Bryce. Bryce was born in 1834 and passed away in 1892.

33) The Alabama Legislative Assembly approved the Alabama State Flag on February 16, 1895.

34) The official state mineral is Hematite and is called as oxide of iron (Fe2O3).

35) The official insect of the state is the Monarch butterfly (Danaus pleipuss).

36) The official gem of the state is the star blue quartz.

37) The official fair of the state is the Florence Renaissance Faire.

38) The official nut of the state is the pecan.

39) The demonym for Alabama is Alabamian.

40) Alabama was the fourth state to break away from the Union on January 11, 1861.

41) The city of Montgomery was chosen as the capital of the state on January 28, 1846.

42) Between 1930 and 1950, Tallulah Bankhead amused as an idol of movies, theater, and radio. Her hometown was Huntsville and she passed away in 1968.

43) Nat King Cole (Nathaniel Adams), the famous vocalist and performer was called as the man with the velvet voice. His hometown was Montgomery and he expired in 1965.

44) Sequoyah, an inhabitant of the state of Alabama, formulated the phonetic, scripted ABCs of the Iroquoian language.

45) The Birmingham Airport started its operations in 1931. During that inaugural phase, a flight from Birmingham to Los Angeles required 19 hours time.

46) The mean altitude of the state is 500 feet at its lowest altitude point.

47) The official state slogan is Audemus jura nostra defendere. It stands for "we dare defend our rights".

48) The oldest county in the state is the Washington County.

49) In 1814, General Andrew Jackson overpowered the Creek Indians. After this incident, the indigenous Americans surrendered almost 50% of the current state territory to the U.S.

50) Admiral David Farragut came out with his well-known order at the Conflict of Mobile Bay, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead". This happened on August 5, 1864.



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Last Updated on: September 28th, 2017