About Minnesota Map : The map of Minnesota covers the bordering areas of the state and displays the distribution of various cities, roadways, highways, and railways within the state.
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The earliest inhabitants of Minnesota were classified as the Big Game culture, who were primarily into hunting bison and other animals. Then around 5000 BC came the Old Copper culture (Eastern Archaic), who chased the small as well the big animals
Several other archaeological findings throw light on the early inhabitants of Minnesota. The “Browns Valley Man” discovered at Browns Valley is supposed to be the oldest human remains in the state of Minnesota. A skeleton was discovered in 1931, which is today identified as “Minnesota Woman.” The age of the bones has been found to be approximately of 8,000 years ago.
Evidence left by the Kensington Runestone and others led many scholars to believe that the Vikings were the first Europeans to reach Minnesota in 1362. This remains a highly controversial statement though, as per the recent geological studies, the origin of the inscription dates back to pre 19th century. There were traces of other explorers, traders, and missionaries of New France in the state. The names of some prominent explorers belonging to this period were Radisson and Groseilliers, the Sieur du Lhut, Verendrye, Father Louis Hennepin, Antoine Auguella, and Michel Aco.
It was after the war of 1812 that settlement began in the truest sense. Fort Snelling was constructed somewhere between 1819 and 1825 and was established as the guardian of the frontier. A gristmill was developed in 1823 and this was the harbinger of the industrial growth in the state. This along with the establishment of a land office at St. Croix Falls in 1848 threw much light on the rapidly expanding scenario of the state.
Minnesota became a territory in the year 1849. There was a boom in the development of many areas such as roads, railroads, and towns. The focus shifted to education and the University of Minnesota was built in 1851. Water route called Soo Ship Canal was opened at Sault Ste. Marie for encouraging shipping eastward. There were some difficult times, yet it did not hinder the granting of the statehood in 1858. Minnesota officially became the 32ndstate on 11 May 1858. St. Paul was made the capital and Henry Hastings Sibley was made the state’s first governor.
The population went on increasing since then. Minnesota was then a land of small farmers comprising mainly of British, Irish, and German. They went on to lend their supporting hand to the Union in the Civil War and delivered large quantities of wheat to the armies. The Dakota war of 1862, was a challenging affair. After they lost their land, and were ultimately brought to a situation of near starvation Dakota made an appeal to the Indian agencies, but in vain. This led to a war, where 38 Dakota were executed and the rest were sent on exile. This brought an end to the obstruction posed by the Native Americans.
There was new settlement all over which was enhanced by the Homestead Act of 1862. There was a surge in economic growth during the 1870s and 1880s with the railroads coming in. Likewise one saw the boom in the production of wheat that popularized the Minnesota flour mills all over the world. Especially after the World War II, the pace of industrial development became rapid. It also became a hub of technology and a land known for its richness in natural resources.
Minnesota is located in the northernmost part of the US, which falls in the Upper Midwest region and North America’s Great Lakes Region. The state is flanked by Canada on the north, by Lake Superior and Wisconsin on the east, by Iowa on the south, and by North and South Dakota on the west. It covers a total area of 86,943 square miles, which makes it the 12th largest of all the states in the US.
The highest point of the state is Eagle Mountain, which stands at 2,301 feet above the sea level. The lowest point is Lake Superior, which stands at 602 feet above the sea level. The major rivers of the lake are Minnesota River, Mississippi River, Red River of the North, Rainy River, etc. There are more than 11,000 lakes in the state. The major lakes are the Upper Red Lake, Lower Red Lake, Mille Lacs Lake, Rainy Lake, Lake Superior, etc. Minnesota is blessed with a number of mountain peaks. The highest peak is Eagle Mountain followed by Lima Mountain, Brule Mountain, and Pine Mountain.
Minnesota has an average temperature that ranges from 83.4 degrees (high) to –2.9 degrees (low). The recorded highest temperature in Minnesota was 114°, Fahrenheit recorded on 6 July 1936 at Moorhead. -60° Fahrenheit was the lowest temperature in Minnesota and was recorded on 2 February 1996 at Tower.
To many Minnesota is just another state of the US. Only few know the hidden beauty that lay unparalleled within. The place has so much to offer that time falls short. In fact, every region is inundated with an array of beautiful places to see. Minnesota is popular today for the multitude of art scene, its rich culture, first-rate museums, and world-class theater. Some of the top places to visit during the stay in Minnesota are:
- Mall of America
- Boundary Waters Canoe Area
- Como Park Zoo and Conservatory
- Spirit Mountain
- Minnehaha Falls
- Minneapolis Sculpture Garden
- Water Park of America
- Itasca State Park
- Cathedral of St. Paul
- Aerial left Bridge
- Mount Kato
- Lake Calhoun
Last Updated On : Sept 11, 2014
Facts about Minnesota
Joined the UnionMay 11, 1858
NicknameNorth Star State
Area86,939 sq miles
Highest PointEagle Mountain
Lowest PointLake Superior
Time ZoneCentral : UTC−06:00