About Map: The map of Wisconsin explicitly outlines the five geographical regions and brings to light the bordering areas of the state.
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The first known explorer to make an entry into the land of Wisconsin happened to be a native of France by the name of Jean Nicolet. He was apparently on a mission to search a Northwest Passage to China. He was canoeing towards the west from
Wisconsin was under the possession of Britain until the year 1783 when Britain signed the Treaty of Paris, the United States then gained control over the territory. However, American establishment became apparent after the War of 1812, wherein Wisconsin’s economy expanded as it went on to replace fur trading with lead mining.
Due to the boom in lead mining in southwest Wisconsin and northwest Illinois, glimpses of the American settlers could be discerned in Wisconsin around the 1820s. The availability of easy mineral wealth led to the influx of immigrants from all over the US and even Europe. Miners sought shelter in self-made holes, which earned them the nickname “badgers.” This led to Wisconsin’s nickname “Badger State.” The inflow of white settlers and miners in the Midwest led to a tension when the federal government along with the new settlers attempted to remove the Local Americans from their native lands. The American Indians were forcefully and eventually removed following the Winnebago War in 1827 and the Black Hawk War in 1832.
The absence of any kind of obstruction from the Native Americans led to the arrival of fresh settlers in Wisconsin, which subsequently led to the formation of the Wisconsin Territory in the year 1836. The year 1840 saw the entry of more settlers into Wisconsin. Wisconsin went on to become the leading producer of wheat in the nation. On 29 May 1848 it assumed statehood and became the 30th state of the United States.
Geography: Bordered on the north by Minnesota and Michigan, on the south by Illinois, on the east by Lake Michigan, and on the west by Minnesota and Iowa, Wisconsin is spread on a total area of 65,503 square miles. This makes it the 23rd largest state of the US. The state of Wisconsin is divided into five geographical regions; the Lake Superior Lowland, the Northern Highland, the Eastern Ridges and Lowlands, the Central Plain, and the Western Upland. Wisconsin is famous for its many physiographic features such as the lakes, woodlands, mountains, and rivers.
The highest point of the state is Timms Hill, which stands at 1,951 feet above the sea level and lies on the Northern Highland. The lowest point is Lake Michigan at 581 feet above the sea level. The Northern Highland also comprises of coniferous and hardwood forests and a large variety of glacial lakes. Unique sandstone formations along with lush farmland form the core attraction of the Central Plain. The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands are home to the Niagara Escarpment, the Magnesian Escarpment and the Black River Escarpment and some of Wisconsin’s leading cities. The Western Upland is a blend of forest and farmland.
While the major rivers of the state are Wisconsin River, Mississippi River, and the St. Croix River, the major lakes are the Lake Michigan, Lake Superior, and the Lake Winnebago. The highest recorded temperature in the state was 114 degrees Fahrenheit on 13 July 1936 in Wisconsin Dells. The lowest recorded temperature was –55 degrees Fahrenheit in the Couderay village.
Travel: Wisconsin is blessed with some amazing destinations and a wide variety of outdoor activities such as boating, skiing, hiking, etc. set against the beautiful natural backdrop of the state. According to the department of tourism, Wisconsin ranks third under the tourism industry. Some of the top tourist places of note are:
- House on the rock
- Circus World Museum
- Spring Green
- Dells of the Wisconsin River
- Door County
- Green Bay
- Lake Geneva
- Three Lakes
Wisconsin is an ideal place for all sport lovers, museum lovers, wine and beer lovers, foodies, etc. In short, it has something special for every traveler.
Last Updated : Sept 12, 2014
Joined the UnionMay 29, 1848
NicknamesBadger State, America's Dairyland
Area65,556 sq mi
Highest pointTimms Hill
Lowest pointLake Michigan
Time ZoneUTC -6/-5