About Iowa Map :The map of Iowa throws light on the outline of the state, its bordering states, the roadways, railways, and the interconnected highways.
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History of Iowa
More than 13,000 years ago, there prevailed a good number of American Indians, who sustained themselves through hunting and food gathering in present day Iowa. There existed the Archaic Period and the Woodland Period, which mainly depended on farming.
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first European explorers to have entered the land in 1673. They traveled the route along the Mississippi River exploring a number of Indian villages on the way. Region of the present day Iowa was claimed by France and till the year 1763 it remained a part of the French Territory. The ownership was, however, transferred to Spain later. Areas around the Mississippi River and Des Moines River became highly beneficial for the fur traders as a result of which a number of Iowa towns settled down.
There entered Robert La Salle, Paul Marin, and Julien Dubuque and they were the early traders of the area. Following a treaty, Napoleon Bonaparte acquired Louisiana from Spain in 1800. Iowa was then a part of Louisiane. In the year 1803, the US acquired control of Iowa through the Louisiana Purchase. After Fort Madison was built in 1808, the US issued military control over the region.
Fort Madison, built with the purpose of controlling trade and to gain the US control over Upper Mississippi was of a poor construction and hence disliked by Sauk and Ho-Chunk. Some of the Native Americans sided with the British who still had their claims over the territory. During the War of 1812, Fort Madison went under the control of the British. Black Hawk War broke out in the year 1832 between the native Americans and the US and they had their eye on Fort Madison and on their original land along the Mississippi River and in Illinois. Within a span of two decades, almost all the Native Americans like the Meskwaki and Sauk and their lands were surrendered to the United States.
American settlers then officially settled in Iowa around June 1833. The US Congress structured the Territory of Iowa on 4 July 1838. Burlington remained its capital for a while after which it was moved to Iowa City. A rural civilization soon emerged and later when the Europeans, Dutch, Czechs, and Germans immigrants entered, their unique agricultural skills and customs enriched the rural life of Iowa to a great extent. The Amana Church Society was established and soon after a number of colleges, schools, and universities were established.
Demands for statehood soon surfaced and on 28 December 1846, Iowa was declared the 29th state of the Union. The capital was shifted from Iowa City to Des Moines in the year 1857. Railroad construction began, which changed the outlook of the state.
After the Civil War (1861-65), the farmers of Iowa flourished. Today, Iowa’s major industries are food based followed by electrical equipment, non-electrical machinery, printing, publishing, etc. It manufactures about a tenth of the nation’s food source. It is popular today for being a significant agricultural state.
It is the only state in the US where the western and eastern sides are covered by rivers; the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River on the west. The state of Iowa is flanked by Minnesota on the north, by Missouri on the south, by South Dakota and Nebraska on the west and Wisconsin and Illinois on the east. Enclosed in a total area of 56,276 square miles, Iowa is the 26th largest state of the US.
The state’s highest point is Sterler Farm, which stands at an altitude of 1,670 feet above the sea level. It lies on the north of Sibley and in the Osceola County. This point is now officially referred to as the Hawkeye Point. The lowest point in the state is Mississippi River, which stands at an altitude of 480 feet above the sea level. Iowa’s major rivers are the Cedar River, Des Moines River, Mississippi River, Iowa River, and also the Missouri River. Lake Red Rock is the major lake of Iowa.
Iowa is blessed to have the most fertile topsoil in the world. The land can be divided into three main areas; the Young Drift Plains, the Driftless Area, and the Dissected Till Plains. The Young Drift Plains comprises of the major portion of northern and central Iowa. The Driftless area covers the northeastern part of Iowa and lies parallel with the Mississippi River. The Dissected Till Plains, on the other hand, sweep the southern part of Iowa and go up to the north alongside the Missouri and Big Sioux Rivers.
Iowa experienced the highest recorded temperature at Keokuk on 20 July 1934. The temperature soared up to 118 degree Fahrenheit. The lowest temperature record was experienced on 12 January 1912 at Washta. The temperature went down to –47 degree Fahrenheit. The average low and high temperature of Iowa ranges from 6.3 degree Fahrenheit to 86.2 degree Fahrenheit.
The term Iowa has been aptly derived from an Indian word, which means “one who puts to sleep” or “beautiful land”. Iowa’s hidden treasure can be best explored by a visit to the place. It is a place where one can aimlessly walk back in time and savor in the beauty of the old charm. Some of the most popular places to visit during the stay in Iowa are:
- Iowa State Capitol
- Des Moines Botanical Center
- National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium
- Adventure Land
- Lost Island Waterpark
- Blank Park Zoo
- Pikes Peak State Park
- John and Mary Pappajohn Sculpture Park
- Sundown Mountain
- Family Museum of Arts and Science
- Pinicon Ridge Park
- Field of Dreams
- Amana Colonies
- Arnolds Park
Last Updated : February 14, 2015
Facts about Iowa
Official Name Iowa
Largest CityDes Moines
Time ZoneCentral: UTC -6/-5
GovernorTerry E. Branstad
Lt. GovernorKim Reynolds
U.S. SenatorChuck Grassley, Tom Harkin
Joined the UnionDecember 28, 1846 (29th)
NicknameThe Hawkeye State
Highest PointHawkeye Point
Lowest PointConfluence of Mississippi River and Des Moines River