Equator divides the earth into two equal halves, and Northern Hemisphere forms the north of the equator. 60.7% of the total surface of Northern Hemisphere is covered with water, in comparison to 80.9% water in the Southern Hemisphere. Both the hemispheres have different geographical climate, owing to the Axial tilt of earth. It is the reason why Northern hemisphere witnesses winter season from December to March, and summers from June to September. Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator lies the Tropical zone which is hot all year round. But, due to excessive heat, rainy season is also experienced during the summer months. Now, 67.3% of Earth’s total land surface comes in the Northern hemisphere, which accounts why majority of the continents do form a part of it.
Entire Continental Europe
Bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, Europe is one of the coldest regions on Earth. The Tropic of Cancer doesn’t pass through it. Its climate is reliable to the warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent. Seasonal differences are more noticeable in countries than the ones close to the coast.
All of North America, Central America and the Caribbean
Covering 9,540,000 square miles, North America is the third largest continent in the world, and is entirely within the Northern hemisphere. It surpasses both the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer. From the East Coast to eastern North Dakota, till Kansas, the continent experiences humid climate with intense seasons, and large amount of rainfall per year.
Central America is on the southern tip of North America and consists of seven countries naming: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Trade winds of the tropical region have a significant effect upon the climate of Central America.
Caribbean region has more than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays. It has a tropical climate which varies from from tropical rain-forest in some areas to tropical savanna in the others. Some locations also experience drought.
Asia, excluding few areas in Maritime Southeast Asia
The largest and most populous continent in the world, Asia also has its majority of area in the Northern Hemisphere. Only a few parts of countries in maritime region of Southeast Asia, are located in Southern hemisphere. East Timor, most of Indonesia and partially Maldives- belong to Southern hemisphere. 16 countries in Asia, are known to have vulnerable climate change which included countries of Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
About two-third of Africa, just above the “horn”
The second largest, and second most populous continent of Africa has two-third of its region in Northern Hemisphere. The countries of Africa which are located below the equator, and are not a part of the Northern Hemisphere are: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Comoros, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte (France), Mozambique, Namibia, Réunion (France), Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The continent straddles the equator, and is the only continent which stretches from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. The areas lying on equator are extremely hot.
About one-tenth of South America
Five countries of South America lie above the equator. French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela, partial Ecuador and most of Colombia belong to the northern hemisphere.