About Map : The map of Indiana explicitly brings out the location of the various cities within the state, including major railway lines and state highways. It outlines the borders of the state and shows its neighboring areas.
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The first known inhabitants in what is now known as Indiana were the Paleo-Indians. They arrived at the end of the ice age around 8000 BC. Then, began the Archaic period starting somewhere between 5000 and 4000 BC. The period came to an end about 1500 BC. Then, commenced the Woodland period, which comprised such groups as the Adena people and the Hopewell people. After the end of the Woodland period around 1000 AD, the Mississippian culture surfaced. It spanned a period starting from 1000 until the 15th century shortly before the Europeans made their entry. Around the middle of 1400 the Mississippian civilization came to an end.
The first European to make his entry into Indiana was the French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle way back in the year 1679. Soon French-Canadian fur traders arrived and began trading with the Native Americans. However, in a matter of few years, the British colonists arrived and opposed the Canadians for their control of fur trade. The French and Indian War or what was also termed as the Seven Years' War ensued where the Native American tribes took sides with the French Canadians.
The France were defeated by Great Britain in the war and they had to surrender all their lands east of the Mississippi River and west and north of the colonies to the British crown. The demands of the colonists to seek independence from the British led to the American Revolutionary War in 1775. George Rogers Clark led the mission and during his fight he captured Fort Sackville and Vincennes from the control of the British. He succeeded in driving the British troops in large numbers. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 brought an end to the revolutionary war with Great Britain surrendering most of their lands, including, what is now known as Indiana to the newly formed United States.
The year 1800 saw the formation of the Indiana Territory comprising of the states of Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, and some parts of Minnesota and Michigan. The capital was initially Vincennes, but was moved to Corydon in the year 1813. In the year 1816 there was a constitutional convention meet and Indiana was conferred statehood. Indianapolis was declared the capital of the state and Jonathan Jennings was selected its governor.
The Civil War brought about a remarkable change in the state. There began a rapid pace of industrialization and urbanization, which improved the economy of the place to a great extent eventually.
The state of Indiana is spread over a total area of 36,420 square miles making it the 38th largest state in the US, in terms of its size. On the north, the state is bordered by Lake Michigan and Michigan; on the south it is bordered by Kentucky, on the east Ohio, and on the west the state is bordered by Illinois. The state has its geographic center at Marion County. Indiana is located at an average altitude of 760 feet above the sea level. While Hoosier Hill in Wayne County is the highest point, the Posey County is the lowest point of the state. They stand at 1,257 feet and 320 feet above the sea level, respectively.
The state of Indiana is broadly divided into three main land regions: The Great Lakes Plains, Southern Plains and Lowlands, and the Till Plains. The major rivers of the state are the Ohio River, Kankakee River, Wabash River, and White River, etc. Lake Michigan, Lake Wawasee, and Monroe Lake are the major lakes of the state. The state is blessed with over 1,000 lakes.
Indiana has cold winters and wet and warm summers, in other words, a humid continental climate. The extreme southern portion experiences a humid subtropical climate. The average temperature ranges from 30 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit in the extreme north and from 39 to 22 degrees Fahrenheit in the extreme south. The highest record temperature in the state was recorded at Collegeville on 14 July 1936 with 116 degrees Fahrenheit; while the lowest recorded temperature was observed at New Whiteland on 19 January 1994 with 36 degrees Fahrenheit.
Indiana is a proud possessor of several tourist destinations. Currently, there are over 370 museums, 12 state forests, 151 nature preserves, nine reservoirs, and around 18 fish and wildlife areas in the state of Indiana. The list does not end here. Indiana is famous for several outdoor activities, events, entertainment, and amusements. Above all, the foodies can gorge into several interesting and new cuisines that are a speciality of the state. Some of the top places to visit in Indiana are:
- Indianapolis Zoo
- White River State Park
- Indiana Dunes State Park and National Lakeshore
- Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
- Amish Acres
- Indianapolis Museum of Art
- White River State Park
- Holiday World and Splashin Safari
- Indianapolis Children’s Museum
- Indianapolis Motor Speedway
- Indiana World War Memorial Plaza
- Perfect North Slopes
- Indiana Beach Amusement Resort
- The Hoosier National Forest
Last Updated : July 14, 2014
Joined the UnionDec 11, 1816
Area36,418 sq mi
Highest PointHoosier Hill
Lowest PointConfluence of Ohio River and Wabash River