Located in the midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States, Indiana is the 38th largest state in terms of area. Comprising a population of 6,619,680 according to the 2015 estimates, Indiana is the 16th most populous state in the country. Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana as well as its largest city. Nicknamed the Hoosier State, Indiana comprises 92 counties.
There are a total of ninety-two counties in Indiana. The largest county in Indiana is Allen County and the smallest is Ohio County. Check this Indiana County Map which locates all the counties of Indiana on the map.
History of Indiana
Before Europeans began arriving, the region was inhabited by Native American tribes. Europeans came into contact with Indiana in the later part of the 17th century with René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, a French explorer, the first European to arrive in 1679. During the French and Indian War, the Native American tribes allied with the French Canadians.
However, in 1763, the British emerged victoriously. The French had to give up all their lands in North America to the British crown situated east of the Mississippi River and north and west of the colonies. Following the end of the American Revolutionary War, the British crown granted the United States their claims to the land that lay south of the Great Lakes. In 1787, the region became a part of the Northwest Territory but with the separation of Ohio in 1800, the rest of the land became Indiana Territory.
Following the separation of Michigan Territory and the formation of the Illinois Territory, Indiana was reduced to its present size. Indiana played a prominent role in the American Civil War and some 208,367 men from the region fought or served in the war. Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816.
Geography of Indiana
Indiana covers a total area of 36,418 square miles. To the north are located Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan. Ohio is located to the east, Illinois to the west and Kentucky to the south. Hoosier Hill, which is located in Wayne County and has a height of 1,257 feet above sea level, is the highest point in the state. The Central Lowlands and Interior Low Plateaus are the two natural regions of the United States that are situated in Indiana. Some of the major river systems in the state are Wabash, Whitewater, Maumee, St Joseph, White and Blue. Indiana has a humid continental climate where the winters are cols and summers are warm and wet.
Travel destinations in Indiana
Some places worth visiting in Indiana include the Eiteljorg Museum of American Indian and Western Art in Indianapolis; RV / MH Hall of Fame Museum in Elkhart, where you would see some classic vehicles of the past 90 years; Fort Wayne Children’s Zoo, where you would find numerous animals; Snite Museum of Art, Lanier Mansion State Historic Site, Indiana University Art Museum, and many other attractions.
Transportation in Indiana
Indianapolis International Airport is the most prominent airport in the state. The main US Interstate highways are I-64, I-65, I-265, I-465, I-865, I-69, I-469, I-70, and I-74, among others. 91 per cent of the state’s railroads are operated by Class I railroads such as CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway. Some other prominent Class I railroads are the Canadian National Railway, Soo Line Railroad and the Amtrak.
Education in Indiana
Indiana University is the largest educational institute in the state. Other universities are Indiana State University, Purdue University, Vincennes University, Ball State University and the University of Southern Indiana.
Interesting Facts About Indiana
- The name Indiana means Land of the Indians.
- It is estimated that more than 100 species of trees are native to the state of Indiana.
- Before Indianapolis, the capital of Indiana was Corydon from 1816-to 1825. More Facts…