Explore this Indiana Map to learn about the nineteenth state of the US. Learn about Indiana’s location in the United States, official symbol, seal, flag, geography, climate, area/zip codes, time zones, etc. Check out Indiana’s history, major cities, hiking, cycling, backpacking trails, the capital city’s location, national parks, facts and trivia, Top 10 FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), and many more.
The US State of Indiana is the 19th state in the United States. On December 11, 1816, it was admitted to the Union, and Indiana achieved statehood. The State of Indiana’s nickname is “The Hoosier State.”
Indianapolis is the capital, the largest city, and the most extensive metro/urban area of Indiana. The official language in Indiana is English. In the US, Indiana is the 17th most populous state.
On May 11, 1917, the flag of Indiana was adopted, and in 1955 it was standardized. The flag design was inspired by the original design of Paul Hadley, with the only addition being the state name “Indiana” over the torch’s top in a crescent shape.
The Indiana flag features:
- A gold torch representing enlightenment and liberty.
- The torch’s rays represent the far-reaching influence of both liberty and enlightenment.
- Nineteen stars on the flag symbolize that Indiana is the nineteenth state admitted to the Union.
The official symbol or emblem of Indiana is the Seal of the State of Indiana. During Indiana Territory’s administration, William Henry Harrison created the original seal. In 1816, the design was adopted. However, the legal sanctions on the seal’s design and standardization were given by the 1963 General Assembly.
Learn more exciting aspects of the State from Key Facts of Indiana.
The State of Indiana is located in the midwestern USA. It shares its border with:
- Lake Michigan (in the northwest)
- Michigan (in the north)
- Ohio (in the east)
- Ohio River (in the south)
- Kentucky (in the southeast)
- Wabash River (in the west)
- Illinois (in the west)
Indiana’s precise location (Latitude and Longitude) is 37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N Latitude and 84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W Longitude. Check this Indiana Latitude and Longitude Map for more information.
Indiana Time Zones
In Indiana, the time zone in 80 counties is UTC−05:00 (Eastern), and the Summer (DST) is UTC−04:00 (EDT). The time zone in 12 counties is UTC−06:00 (Central), and their summer (DST) time zone is UTC−05:00 (CDT).
The total area of Indiana is 36,418 sq mi (94,321 sq km). Out of which 35,868 sq mi (92,897 sq km) is land area and 550 sq mi (1,424 sq km) is water area. It is the 38th largest US state in terms of size. Indiana has three major topographic regions: Southern Plains and Lowlands, Till Plains, and Great Lakes Plains.
At 1,257 feet (383 m), Hoosier Hill is the highest elevation point. The state’s lowest point is at the junction of the Wabash River and Ohio River in Posey County, at 320 feet (97.5 m) above sea level. The Ohio River, Tippecanoe River, White River, Wabash River, and Kankakee River are some of the major rivers in Indiana. The state’s major lakes are Lake Wawasee, Lake Michigan, and Monroe Lake. Check this Indiana Topographic Map to learn more.
Learn more about the location of mountain peaks, rivers, lakes, state boundaries, the state capital, neighboring states, ocean, and from this Physical Map of Indiana.
The climatic condition in Indiana is characterized as humid subtropical. This climate features a warm summer and temperate winter. Across the year, rainfall is more or less evenly distributed. Some floods and droughts take place in Indiana from time to time. The average rainfall in the state varies from 37 inches (939.8 mm) in the northern regions to 47 inches (1,193.8 mm) in the southern parts.
The average annual temperature hovers around 62 °F (16.7 °C) in the state. However, the temperature varies significantly. In Indiana, the temperature in a year can drop as low as -19 °F (-28.3 °C) and also reach as high as 104 °F (40 °C). For more than 30 days a year, the temperature hovers around 94 °F (34.4 °C). The average number of days the state receives sunshine in a year is 220.
The earliest evidence of human beings in today’s Indiana region has been found in the Archaic stage (8000–6000 BC). Between 1000 BC and 200 AD, the early Woodland period existed. Mississippian culture emerged around 1000 AD.
In 1679, the first European, Robert de La Salle (a French explorer), arrived in Indiana. At that time, this place was ruled by Native American tribes who spoke the Algonquian language. In 1702, the first trading post was established. The French built Fort Miami (later renamed Fort Wayne) in 1715. To gain control of the fur trade, a war between the British and French took place in 1754. The Native Americans fought side-by-side with the French against the British troops. The British Empire claimed the land in 1763 after their troops won the battle against French and Native Americans. However, the Native Americans continued fighting against the British Army under their leader Pontiac. However, the natives lost.
The United States troops took control of Indiana after the American Revolution. In 1787, Indiana became a part of Northwest Territory. After Ohio attained statehood, the territory was renamed the Indiana Territory. Tecumseh, the Shawnee chief, launched a battle against the United States after uniting several tribes. In 1811, Indiana Governor William Henry Harrison launched an attack on the tribes at the Battle of Tippecanoe and defeated the natives.
On December 11, 1816, Indiana became the nineteenth state of the Union. In 1825, the state’s capital was moved from Corydon to Indianapolis.
Indiana has 92 counties. Allen County is the largest, and Ohio County is the smallest county. Check the Indiana County Map to learn more about the location and boundaries of different counties in the state.
Indiana Area Codes
The area codes in Indiana are:
The Indiana Area Codes Map will help you locate any area code you are searching for. You can also use it to learn about the area code boundary, county and state boundaries, and state capital.
Indiana Zip Codes
There are 773 active zip codes in Indiana as of 2022. The zip codes best for you to live in the state are 46032, 46037, 46033, 46038, 46077, etc. You can locate a particular zip code, state boundary, and state capital with the help of the Indiana Zip Codes Map.
Indiana Major Cities
Learn about Indiana’s significant places from this map of cities. You can know the exact location of the state capital, other cities, state boundaries, neighboring states and oceans, and many more. Indiana’s most prominent cities are Indianapolis, Carmel, South Bend, Evansville, Fort Wayne, and many more. Check out the Indiana Cities Map for more details.
The busiest airports in Indiana are Indianapolis International Airport, Fort Wayne International Airport, South Bend International Airport, Evansville Regional Airport, and others. Explore the location of different airports in the state on the Indiana Airports Map. This map also shows Indiana’s state and country boundaries, cities, the state capital, neighboring states, and oceans.
Indiana National Park and Trails
Indiana has three national parks. Around 2,459,906 visitors visit these national parks annually. Major national parks in the State are Indiana Dunes National Park, George Rogers Clark National Historical Park, Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, and others.
In Indiana, you can enjoy 1,066 recreational trails (hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, and other adventurous trails). Cowles Bog Trail, Lawrence Creek Trail, Hemlock Creeks National Scenic Trail, etc., are some of Indiana’s most popular hiking routes.
Check out the National Parks in Indiana Map to get a clear idea about the locations of different national parks, monuments, preserves, etc.
The US State of Indiana has various historic and renowned private universities, the most notable being the University of Notre Dame. Indiana University is the largest institution in Indiana. In 1820, its flagship campus was endorsed as Indiana Seminary. Majority of the students in Indiana are enrolled in public institutions.
Top 10 FAQs on Indiana
FAQ #1: What Time Zone Is Indiana?
Ans: In Indiana, the time zone in 80 counties is UTC−05:00 (Eastern), and the Summer (DST) is UTC−04:00 (EDT). The time zone in 12 counties is UTC−06:00 (Central), and their summer (DST) time zone is UTC−05:00 (CDT).
FAQ #2: What Is The Capital Of Indiana?
Ans: Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana.
FAQ #3: What Is Indiana Known For?
Ans: Indiana is known for its vast farmlands, Hoosiers’ homeland, as the world’s basketball capital, the Monon trail, The Indy 500, corn, University of Notre Dame, steel mills, and others. Check places to visit in Indiana.
FAQ #4: Does It Snow In Indiana?
Ans: Yes, snowfall takes place in Indiana from late November to late March.
FAQ #5: Who Is The Governor Of Indiana?
Ans: Indiana Republican Party’s Eric Holcomb is the incumbent Governor of Indiana in 2022. He assumed office as the 51st Governor of Indiana on January 9, 2017.
FAQ #6: What Is The Population Of Indiana?
Ans: Indiana’s population in 2022 is estimated to be 6.83 million, making it the 17th most populated state in the United States.
FAQ #7: What Is The State Bird Of Indiana?
Ans: Cardinal or Red Bird (Richmondena Cardinalis Cardinalis) is Indiana’s state bird.
FAQ #8: When Did Indiana Become A State?
Ans: On December 11, 1816, Indiana became a state.
FAQ #9: How Many Counties Are In Indiana?
Ans: There are ninety-two counties in Indiana.
FAQ #10: What is the Largest College in Indiana?
Ans: The Indiana University-Bloomington is the largest college in Indiana regarding the total number of students enrolled. It was founded in 1820.