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The Germanic people go all the way back to the Nordic Bronze Age or the Pre-Roman Iron Age, located in the far north of modern-day Germany and Scandinavia. In 843, Germany emerged as a separate entity from the Frankish empire. German Territories became the central part of the Holy Roman Empire in 962, and King Otto I of Germany became Roman emperor. Know More...
Germany is located in western and central Europe, and is bordered by nine countries: Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The North Sea and Baltic Sea border Germany in the north. With a total area of 357,021 square kilometers, Germany is the seventh largest country in Europe by area.
Major geographic features of Germany include the Alps, where glaciers can be found, forested uplands in areas like central Germany, the Bavarian Forest and Black Forest of southern Germany, and the low-lands of northern Germany. The major rivers in Germany include the Rhine, Danube, and Elbe.
Germany is a federal parliamentary republic, with the president as the head of state, at the highest level of government. The second highest official is the President of the Bundestag, or parliament, who is elected by the Bundestag. The next level official is the chancellor, whose role is similar to that of a prime minister.
Germany is divided into sixteen states, or lands, each with its own constitution. These states are fairly autonomous, and are subdivided in different ways because of their variations in size. Berlin and Hamburg are city-states that are further divided into boroughs, while Bremen is a city-state that is split into two districts.
The subdivisions of the states can be either area associations, government districts, administrative districts, offices, or municipalities. In all, Germany has 403 districts on the municipal level: 301 rural districts and 102 urban districts.
Aside from the many famous landmarks and monuments that are available in Germany, vibrant, unique cultures with their own culinary and musical specialties are found in each of the regions. Known for their liberal drinking laws and love for beer, Germany has a strong nightlife in several of its major cities like Berlin and Hamburg. Know More...
Education in Germany is handled at the state level, thus each state has its own system. The school system begins with Kindergarten, which is optional, and is provided for children ages three to six. This is followed by Grundschule, or primary school from six to either ten or twelve. Know More...
Beer is the national alcoholic drink of Germany - German beer consumption was about 143 liters per person in 2014.
There are about 1,300 beer breweries in Germany.
- Germany is the most populous member state in the EU.
- Germany has the largest economy in the EU and the fourth largest economy in the world
- In 1957, Germany was a founding member of the European Community, the precursor to the EU.
- The most common surname in Germany is Muller.
- Oktoberfest actually begins in September.
- The first printed book was in German.
Last Updated On: September 7, 2015
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