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Political Map of South America

Covering an area of 17,833,000 square kilometers (6,885,000 square miles), South America is the fourth largest continent in the world. The map of South America shows the continent's political divisions and country boundaries.


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Political Map of South America Nicaragua Map Costa Rica Map Panama Map Colombia Map Venezuela Map Guyana Map Suriname Map French Guiana Map Ecuador Map Peru Map Bolivia Map Chile Map Brazil Map Paraguay Map Uruguay Map Argentina Map Falkland Island (UK) South Georgia (UK) Galapagos Island (EC)

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Description : Map of South America showing international boundaries of countries, capitals and major cities. Disclaimer


Map of South American Countries













South America, the fourth largest continent in the world, consists of twelve independent countries and three major territories. Culturally influenced by Spanish and Portuguese explorers and colonial rule, South America has rich traditions of art, literature, and music. This multifaceted continent has a history that dates back over a millennium. Economically, most South American countries have shown progress and growth in the past few of decades. The tourism industry has been an important economic factor in many South American countries.
Location of South America
South America is located mainly in the earth's southern hemisphere. Bound by the South Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, South America is connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama.

Economy of South America
South American countries have recently shown tremendous economic development. Countries like Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Peru, Chile, and Uruguay have had maximum growth even during the global recession (2008-2009); the South American countries have shown great resilience in comparison to other nations in the world. South America's GDP (PPP) as of 2010 was $3.5 trillion.

Agriculture and manufacturing industries are supporting the economies of many South American countries. Some of the major agricultural products are soybeans, coffee, rice, sugarcane, wheat, and corn. South America's mineral resources have also helped support the rapid growth of economy. Some major natural resources are petroleum, gold, iron ore, silver, and copper. Brazil has the sixth largest economy in the world and the largest economy in South America, but it is growing at a slower pace. Brazil also leads the continent in export of goods.

South America's economy faces some major challenges. In many countries of South America, extreme inequality between the rich and poor is a major concern. In fact the gap between the rich and the poor is highest in South American countries in comparison with other nations of the world.

South American countries have two trade blocs: Mercosur and the Andean Community of Nations. These trade blocks help the participating countries strengthen their economic ties.

South America Timeline
5000-1200BCAsian hunters cross the frozen Bering Strait on their way from Asia to Alaska and then move south.
900-300 BCAgricultural practices are developed in the highlands of Peru
1400-1550The Inca Empire spreads across Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Northern Argentina, and Ecuador
1492Christopher Columbus discovers the New World (the Americas)
1494Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Tordesillas, dividing the land into two sections. Spain controlled the western half, and Portugal controlled the east.
1500Amerigo Vespucci recognizes the New World as a separate continent. He is credited for writing his narratives about the voyage and discoveries with great passion and art. The Americas are named after him.
1533Spanish Army led by Francisco Pizarro captures much of Inca territory
1535Peru and Lima are founded
1536Argentina is established
1537Paraguay is founded
1693Gold is discovered in Brazil
1777Administrative units are established in Venezuela
1818Chile gains independence from Spain
1821Peru gains independence from Spain
1822Brazil gains independence from Portugal
1945Peru holds free election
1946Venezuela holds free election for the first time.
1983First free elections are held in Bolivia
2008Ecuador adopts a new constitution

South American Polities
The South American continent is comprised of 12 countries and three territories. Several forms of government are found in South America, including federal, parliamentary, democratic, presidential, constitutional, republics, as well as countries under military dictatorship, like Chile. In the last decade the South American countries have shown a growing preference toward left wing political parties, whose leaders consider themselves socialists. Brazil, the largest country of South America, also is one of the largest democracies of the world.

Quick Facts about South America
Official NameSouth America
Origin of Name Amerigo Vespucci
International Divisions12 independent countries and three territories
Population387,500,000 (2011 est.)
Major LanguagesPortuguese, Spanish, English, Dutch, French
Major ReligionChristianity (Roman Catholicism)


Countries of South America and their capitals
CountryCapital
ArgentinaBuenos Aires
BoliviaLa Paz
BrazilBrasilia
ChileSantiago
ColombiaBogota
EcuadorQuito
GuyanaGeorgetown
PeruLima
ParaguayAsuncion
SurinameParamaribo
UruguayMontevideo
VenezuelaCaracas
French Guiana (France)Cayenne
Falkland Island (UK)Stanley
Galapagos Island (Ecuador)Puerto Baquerizo Moreno


ACOD~20120821
Last Updated On : June 10, 2013