The latitude and longitude of Algeria is 28º 00' N and 3º 00' E respectively. It is located in northern Africa and lies between Morocco and Tunisia.
The total area is slightly smaller than that of Texas. The latitude and longitude of the capital Algiers is 36º 47' N and 2º 03' E. Algeria is 6 hours ahead of Washington DC. There are 48 provinces in Algeria.
The climate of Algeria
is of semiarid and arid type. The winters are mild and wet while the summers are hot and dry especially along the coastal areas. Sirocco which is a hot dust and sand laden wind commonly blows during the summer months. The coastline of Algeria extends for 998 km and is discontinuous. The terrain mostly comprises of high plateaus and desert areas. There are few mountainous regions which are prone to severe earthquakes, mudslides and floods during the rainy season. Soil erosion and desertification are the major environmental hazards of Algeria.