Georgia Facts

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Location and Geography: Georgia is located in the southeastern part of the United States, in what is known as the Deep South. It borders the Atlantic Ocean between the states of Florida and South Carolina. The state is known for its hot and humid summers, and is one of the areas of the United States that is quite vulnerable to tropical storms.

Counties and Regions: The state of Georgia has 159 counties, the second most in the country (Texas is in first place with 254). It also consists of these more generally recognizable areas:
  • Atlanta Metropolitan Area
  • Central Savannah River
  • Colonial Coast
  • Golden Isles of Georgia
  • Historic South
  • Inland Empire
  • North Georgia Mountains
  • Southern Rivers
  • As far as the contour of the land goes, the basic geographic regions of Georgia are as follows:
  • Appalachian Plateau
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Coastal Plain
  • Piedmont Plateau
  • Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians

Population: Georgia is ranked ninth in the whole nation for population size, with more than nine and a half million people. It has been observed that Georgia is growing faster than many other states, and might be catching up to Texas in terms of sheer population growth.

Major Cities: Atlanta is both Georgia’s capital and its largest city, with more than four hundred thousand residents and even greater than five million people in its metropolitan area. Other large cities include Augusta, Columbus, and the old colonial city of Savannah, although these do not begin to approach Atlanta in size.

Story Behind the Name: The state of Georgia was named after Britain’s King George II, after the British took control of the region from the Spanish and the French. The sovereign nation of Georgia that exists today does not share this etymology: it was named after the ancient figure of Saint George.

History and Colonization: The area of what is now Georgia was first explored by the Spanish in the mid-sixteenth century. Within a few hundred years, the British had successfully challenged Spain for ownership of the land by allying with local Native American tribes and tearing down the Spanish missions there. A huge influx of mostly Protestant settlers from Europe
were encouraged by Britain to found colonies in the region. The British government wanted to create Protestant communities in order to counter the influence of Spanish and French Catholicism and cement their hold in Georgia, and so for a while, Catholics in the area were persecuted. Other faiths, however, were allowed a high degree of religious freedom.

Georgia was the last and the youngest of the thirteen original colonies that rebelled against the British Crown, and the Revolutionary War created difficulties there. The British captured the city of Savannah and held it until the end of the war, at which point the British were kicked out of their previous colonies. There were upheavals in the population when thousands of African-American slaves joined the British in exchange for freedom, and again in the 1800s when the discovery of gold in Georgia’s mountains led to a huge gold rush. In 1830, the federal government under President Andrew Jackson began to enforce the Indian Removal Act, resulting in the Trail of Tears (the forced relocation of many of Georgia’s native tribes).

Georgia was one of the major Confederate states during the American Civil War. Many major battles took place there, and the state was left more or less in ruins after General Sherman’s famous March to the Sea, during which he destroyed everything he came across. Because of the mess that it was left in and local hurt and resentment over the destruction, Georgia would become the last state to rejoin the Union after the war.

A traditionally agrarian state, Georgia has also seen the rise of many industrial businesses due to the relative cheapness of land and labor there. The city of Atlanta is a growing powerhouse, nurturing the development of technology and communications services in the state. Georgia also has a strong tourist economy, as it is known for being highly representative of the food, music, and culture of the Deep South.

What is the capital of Georgia?
The capital of Georgia is Atlanta. It became the capital in 1868. It is the most populous city in the state, with an estimated population of 420,003. The metropolitan area of Atlanta is the third-largest in the southern United States and the ninth-largest in the country. It covers an estimated area of 132.4 square miles. The capital of the state is a top business-city and is a primary transportation hub of the southeastern United States.

How big is Georgia?
Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in terms of land area. It is the 24th largest state in United States. It covers a total area of 59,425 square miles and has an estimated population of 9,687,653.

Which is the largest city of Georgia?
Atlanta is the largest state in Georgia. It has an estimated population of 420,003. The metropolitan area of Atlanta is the third-largest in the southern United States and ninth-largest in the country.

Why is Georgia called the "Peach State"?
Georgia is also known as the "Peach State" or the "Empire State of the South". Peach is the official state fruit since 1995. The state has a reputation for producing the highest quality of peach.

What is the official language of Georgia?
The official language of Georgia is English.

What is the religion of Georgia?
Georgia is predominantly a Protestant Christian state. The religious affiliations of the population is as follows: Protestant: 70%, Baptist: 24%, Methodist: 12%, Presbyterian: 3%, Pentecostal: 3%, Catholic: 12%, other: 3% and non-religious: 13%.

Who is the political leader of Georgia?
The state government of Georgia was established by the Georgia State Constitution. It is a republican government with three branches: legislature, executive and judiciary. The state consist of 159 counties. Atlanta is the seat of government.

John Nathan Deal is the 82nd and the current governor of Georgia. Lowell S. Casey Cagle is the 11th lieutenant governor of Georgia.

When did Georgia achieve statehood?
On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the constitution of United States of America. On January 21, 1861, it declared secession from the union and became the last state to be restored to the Union on July 15, 1870.

What are some of the famous places in Georgia?
Some of the notable places in Georgia are: Georgia State Capitol, Fort Morris Historic Site, The High Museum, Strand beach, the National Prisoner of War Museum, and the College Hill.

What is the economy of Georgia like?
In 2010, the Gross State Product of the state was $403.1 billion. Its per capita personal income ranks 37th in the nation, at $33,499. Georgia is headquarters to 15 Fortune 500 companies and 26 Fortune 100o companies. Food is one of the major industries in the Georgia. The state is the largest producer of pecans in the world. Gainesville is known as the Poultry Capital of the world. Georgia's electricity consumption and generation is one of the highest in the country.

More Facts & Trivia about Georgia State

1) Okefenokee Swamp covers more than 400,000 acres of channels. Lily pad grasslands and moss wrapped cypress plants offer safe haven to various varieties of birds and flora and fauna, which include many threatened genus.

2) The relics of Dungeness are found in Cumberland Island National Seashore, which was a splendid Carnegie land. Furthermore, wild horses feed in the middle of inhospitable sandbanks.

3) John F. Kennedy, Junior and his prospective spouse halted in Kingsland on their journey to their wedding on Cumberland Island.

4) The second oldest city in the country is the famous Saint Marys.

5) The oldest steamer to travel across the Atlantic Ocean was the City of Savanna. It voyaged from Georgia.

6) Richmond Hill is the new name of the Ways Station. It was changed on May 1, 1941, adopting the name of the winter manor of the famous car manufacturer Henry Ford.

7) Blackbeard Island is home to a residence built by Edward "Blackbeard" Teach, the robber. The Blackbeard Island Wilderness Area was authorized by the United States Congress in 1975. Currently, the place covers an area of 3,000 acres.

8) Georgia was admitted to the Union on January 19, 1861.

9) The largemouth bass is the official fish of Georgia.

10) Gainesville is dubbed as the Chicken Capital of the World. Having chicken with a fork is prohibited here.

11) The state was named after King George II of England.

12) Stone Mountain close to the capital is one of the biggest individual heaps of bare granite in the world.

13) Georgia holds the top rank in the country in producing the three Ps - pecans, peanuts, and peaches.

14) Shoot the Bull Barbecue Championship takes place every year at the Hawkinsville Civitan Club. Men and women from different corners of the state of GA and the neighboring states gather at this tiny town in South Georgia to become a participant with their delicious barbecue mixtures in this celebrated cooking competition. The money raised from this competition is spent to help the Civitan International Research Center and its research en route for a remedy for Down's syndrome and other growth handicaps.

15) Georgia is famous for hosting the International Poultry Trade Show every year. This show is the biggest poultry conference in the world.

16) Savannah houses the oldest transportable external-combustion engine in the U.S. that is put on show at Historic Railroad Shops.

17) The Vidalia onion is called as the sweetest onion in the world. It is exclusively raised in the meadows close to Glennville and Vidalia.

18) Georgia is the biggest state toward the eastern side of the Mississippi River.

19) The population of the state in 1776 was close to 40,000.

20) Cordele is dubbed as the Watermelon Capital of The World.

21) Every year, The Masters Golf Tournament takes place at the Augusta National during the first week of April.

22) Georgia is frequently nicknamed the Empire State of the South, the Cracker State, and the Peach State.

23) The location of the first Gold Rush in the United States in 1828 was Auraria. It is closely located to the Dahlongea city.

24) Coca-Cola, the world famous soft drink, was the invention of Dr. John S. Pemberton. He invented it in May 1886 in Atlanta, Georgia. The name of the beverage was recommended by Frank Robinson, who was the accountant of Dr. Pemberton. He wrote the word Coca-Cola in the running script, which is quite popular at the present time. The beverage was initially sold at a counter by Willis Venable in Jacob's Pharmacy, Atlanta.

25) Rome houses Berry College, which has the biggest campus in the world.

26) Warm Springs houses the Little White House, which was the restorative abode of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

27) A community of wealthy persons sold Jekyll Island to the state of Georgia in 1942. It was a private holiday property.

28) Providence Canyon State Park is nicknamed as the Little Grand Canyon of Georgia. It is closely located to Lumpkin.

29) The official flower is the Cherokee rose, the official bird is the brown thrasher, and the official tree is the live oak.

30) US Highway 27 covers the entire span of Georgia. The highway is also called as Martha Berry Highway, named after Martha Berry, a leading pedagogue.

31) Rome houses Marshall Forest, which is the sole natural forest inside the city boundaries in the U.S.

32) Six Flags Over Georgia, the famous funfair, was initially named after six flags that were hoisted in the state. These flags were flags of Spain, England, Georgia, Liberty, the United States, and Confederacy of America.

33) Big Shanty Museum domiciles the railway locomotive famously called as The General. The museum is located in Kennesaw. In 1862, the locomotive was pilfered in the Andrews Railroad Raid. Subsequently, the event was portrayed in The Great Locomotive Chase, a famous motion picture.

34) The name of the Okefenokee, the well-known South Georgia marsh, was originated from an Indian expression, signifying the shaking earth.

35) The tallest peak in Georgia is the Brasstown Bald Mountain. The altitude of the mountain is 4,784 feet.

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Last Updated on: September 28th, 2017