Georgia State Physical Map
The state of Georgia comprises a total area of 59,489 square miles. There are four major geographical features in the Peach State: the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians in the northwest, the Blue Ridge region in the northeast, the Piedmont region in central Georgia, and the Coastal Plain region in southern and coastal Georgia.
Lookout Mountain in the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians is one of the most visited destinations in the region as it allows sweeping views near the borders of Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia. The Blue Ridge range is the southern extent of the mighty Appalachian mountains that extends into northeastern Georgia. The region features some of the tallest mountains and beautiful valleys in Georgia. The headwaters of the Chattahoochee River (Georgia’s longest at 436 miles) lie in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Other major rivers in the state are: the Altamaha River, the Savannah River, and the Suwannee River. The highest mountain the state is Brasstown Bald standing at 1458 meters above sea level.
From north to south, the state becomes generally flat. Piedmont plateau region in north-central Georgia stretches between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Appalachians. The Coastal Plain region is the largest in terms of area and is a sub-region of the Atlantic coastal plains. The plains are categorized into two regions: the Upper Coastal Plain and the Lower Coastal Plain.
Featuring enormous bas-relief of Confederate leaders, Stone Mountain is famous for its unique geology. The largest lake in Georgia is Lake Lanier. The state also has 13 barrier islands off of its Atlantic coast; four of these islands are called The Golden Isles.