South Australia is bordered by Western Australia to the west, by the Northern Territory to the north, by Queensland to the north-east, by New South Wales to the east, by Victoria to the south-east. To the south, South Australia borders the Great Australian Bight and the Indian Ocean.
Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia. With an estimated population of more than 1.2 million, it is the fifth-largest city in Australia. The city serves as the administrative and commercial center of the state.
Before the arrival of the British colonists in the nineteenth century, South Australia inhabited by aboriginal groups. On July 26, 1836, the region was first proclaimed as a free state and the first settlement was established at Kingscote, Kangaroo Island. In 1857, the state was granted responsible government and in 1901 it was officially proclaimed a state.
Today, South Australia is an advancing state and is characterized by rich culture. The state government functions in the framework of a constitutional monarchy. Kevin Scarce is the Governor.
Agriculture, manufacturing, finance and mining are the major sectors of the economy of South Australia. Education and defence technology are some of the rapidly growing industries in the state.
South Australia is an eco-tourism paradise. With Kangaroo Island, the Flinders Ranges, and the Adelaide Hills, the wilderness retreats in the state are adventurous. The other major destinations in the state include the Eyre Peninsula, Nullarbor Plain, Murray River National Park, Seal Bay Conservation Park, Troubridge Island, Neptune Island, and the Clare Valley.
Last Updated On : January 16, 2013