The total official population of Australia for the year 2016, is 24.13 million.
For 2014, the estimated birthrate is 12.19 births per 1,000, and the death rate is 7.07 deaths per 1,000 of population, while the infant mortality rate is 4.43 deaths per 1,000 live births. The sex ratio is estimated to be 1.06 males per female, and the growth rate of the population is estimated at 1.09%.
The distribution of population in Australia is heavily slanted. The two coastal areas of the southeast and southwest, situated on opposite sides of the continent, are home to the majority of the population. The population densities are highest along these seaboards, particularly in the cities. However, the population density reduces drastically once you travel inland towards the center of the country. The central Australian estimated population density is 2 persons per square miles.
The 2016 figures for age structure in Australia show that 17.84% of the population consists of children between 0-14 years, 12.96% of the population is in the early working age between 15-24 years, 41.55% of the population is in the prime working age between 25-54 years, 11.82% of the population is in the mature working age between 55-64 years, and 15.82% of the population is elderly, age 65 years and over.
As per a 2015 estimate, 89.4% of the total population in Australia is classified as urban population, while the remaining 10.6% is classified as rural population.