Geography of Nevada

Covering a total area of 110,567 square miles, Nevada is the seventh-largest state in the United States.

Geographical Facts About Nevada

Area110,567 square miles
Land Area109,806 square miles
Water Area761 square miles
Mean Elevation1,676 meters
Highest PointBoundary Peak (4,005 meters)
Lowest PointColorado River (146 meters)
Geographic CenterLander County

General Features

Nevada is a state located in the western, and southwestern regions of the United States. The state is bordered on the north by Oregon and Idaho; on the east by Utah and Arizona; and on the west and south by California. The geographic center of the state is in Lander County.

The Nevada landscape is composed of sandy deserts, snow covered mountains, and grassy valleys. The state can be divided into three land regions: the Columbia Plateau, the Sierra Nevada, and the Basin and Range Region.

  • Columbia Plateau: The northeastern part of Nevada is referred to as the Columbia Plateau. The region comprises rivers and streams.

  • Sierra Nevada: It is a mountain range passing through the state south of Carson city. Lake Tahoe lies in the valleys of the Sierra Nevada.

  • Basin and Range Region: Most of the state of Nebraska lies within the Basin and Range Region. The region is bordered by the Sierra Nevada on the west. The Toiyabe and Toquima mountain ranges lie in the center of the region.

Climate of Nevada

Nevada has desert and semiarid climate regions. The highest temperature recorded in the state is 52 ° C at Laughlin on June 29, 1994; while the lowest temperature in the state was '46 ° C; this was registered on January 8, 1937 at San Jacinto. Nevada is the driest state in the United States with scarce precipitation in most parts of the state. Snowfall is occasional in the hilly area of the state.


There are 2,167 mountain peaks in Nevada. Boundary Peak is the highest point in the state. The other mountains in the state are:

Wheeler PeakCharleston Peak
Pyramid PeakMount Moriah
Currant MountainGranite Peak
Mount SillimanDuckwater Peak
Buck MountainMahogany Mountain


The major rivers in the state are:

Colorado RiverAmargosa River
Columbia RiverQuinn River
Truckee RiverReese River
Humboldt RiverMuddy River
Carson River 


Nebraska has a number of lakes. The major lakes in the state are:

Pyramid LakeAngel Lake
Lake MeadOverland Lake
Lake MojaveFavre Lake
Lake TahoeLake Las Vegas
Walker Lake 

Last Updated on: August 14th, 2017