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Germany Facts

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Important FAQ about Germany

Where is Germany?
The Federal Republic of Germany is a country located in western and central Europe.

What is the capital of Germany?
Berlin is the capital city of the Federal Republic of Germany. Berlin is one of the sixteen states that comprise Germany. It is the largest city in Germany with a population of 3.45 million people. It is located in northeastern Germany, in the European Plains. The city is renowned for its world-class universities, research institutes, museums, and architecture.

What countries border Germany?
Germany is bordered by Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France and Luxembourg to the south-west, and Belgium and the Netherlands to the north-west.

How big is Germany?
Germany is the seventh-largest country in Europe covering an area of 137,847 square miles, of which 34,836 square miles is covered by land and 3,011 square miles contains water.

What is the population of Germany?
With an estimated population of eighty-one million, Germany is the fifteenth-most populated nation in the world and the most populous in the European Union.

What are the administrative divisions of Germany?
Germany is composed of sixteen states. The states have their own constitution and are largely autonomous in regard to their internal organization. At the municipal level, Germany is divided into 403 districts (Kreise), of which 301 are rural districts and 102 urban districts. Bavaria is the largest state.


Who are the political leaders of Germany?
Germany is a federal parliamentary republic. In German, it is called the Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
President - Christian Wulff
Chancellor - Angela Merkel
President of the Bundestag - Norbert Lammert
President of the Bundesrat - Hannelore Kraft

What is the official currency of Germany?
The euro denoted by the ISO 4217 code EUR is the official currency of Germany. The euro is also the official currency of the Eurozone.

What is the official language of Germany?
German is the official language of Germany spoken by the majority of the population. It is also the official language of Austria and Liechtenstein. Turkish, Kurdish, Polish, the Balkan languages, and Russian are the other languages spoken in the country.

What is the official religion of Germany?
Christianity is the official and the pre-dominant religion in Germany, with around 51.5 million people following it. Catholicism and Protestantism are the major denominations. There is also a minority of Orthodox Christians. Islam is second-largest religion with over 3.8 to 4.3 million adherents, followed by Buddhism, Judaism, and Hinduism.

What is the economy of Germany like?
Germany is fourth-largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. In 2011, the gross domestic product (nominal) was estimated at $3.628 trillion, while the per capita was $44,555. The largest economy in the European Union, Germany is a social market economy having a highly qualified labor force. It is one of the least corrupted nations in the world. The service sector is the largest economic sector contributing approximately 71% of the total GDP, followed by industry (28%), and agriculture (0.9%). The German economy to a large extent is driven by automobile industry. The country is the fourth-largest producer of automobiles; BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Porsche are some of the leading brands. It is also the largest exporter of automobiles. Germany leads the world in the production of wind turbines and solar-power technology. The country is a founding member of the EU, the G8 and the G20.

What is the international dialing code of Germany?
The Federal Network Agency of the German government regulates the German telephone numbering plan and is responsible for telecommunications and other infrastructure systems. The international calling code of Germany is +49.

What are the famous places in Germany?
Germany boasts of about seven hundred zoological gardens, wildlife parks, aquariums, safaris and sanctuaries including 414 registered zoos. The Zoologischer Garden in Berlin is the largest zoo in the world. Dresden, Cologne, Dusseldorf, and Berlin are some of the most beautiful places in the world. Rhine Valley, the Bavarian Forest, Cologne Cathedral, the Ore Mountains the Black Forest, the Harz, and Saxon Switzerland are the major attractions in Germany. The Frankfurt Book Fair, Cologne Trade Fair, and the Oktoberfest draw millions of tourists to the country every year.

When is the national day of Germany celebrated?
The national day of Germany is celebrated on October 3. This day is called the Day of German Unity. It is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of the reunification of Germany in 1990. This day is declared a national holiday in the country.


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