Arizona Facts

Arizona is the 48th state of the United States. In terms of area, it is the sixth biggest state in the country. The capital of Arizona is Phoenix and it is also the largest city. It attained statehood on February 14, 1912 and the people of Arizona are called Arizonans. Know Arizona facts and trivia to get a better idea about the state.

Quick Facts

Official Name Arizona
Area113,990sq mi (295,234 km2)
Largest CityPhoenix
Official LanguagesEnglish ( Spoken : English, Spanish, Navajo)
Time ZoneMountain: UTC-7
GovernorDoug Ducey
Lt. Governor--
U.S. SenatorJohn McCain, Jeff Flake
AbbreviationAZ, Ariz. US-AZ
Joined the UnionFebruary 14, 1912 (48th)
NicknameGrand Canyon State
Highest PointHumphreys Peak
Lowest PointColorado River
Official Websitehttp://www.az.gov/

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Location and Geography : Arizona is one of the “Four Corners” states of the American Southwest, located directly to the south and east of California. Most of Arizona is a desert, although there are colder, more mountainous regions in the northern part of the state. Arizona has a great deal of national and state parks, and is well-known for its high levels of natural beauty.

Counties and Regions : Arizona has fifteen counties. In addition, its varied landscape offers the opportunity to divide it into these regions:

  • Arizona Strip
  • Arizona Sun Corridor
  • Transition Zone (from higher to lower altitude)
  • Canyon Lands
  • Coconino Plateau
  • Colorado River
  • Colorado Plateau
  • Grand Canyon Park
  • Kaibab Plateau
  • Lower Colorado River Valley
  • Madrean Sky Islands (wooded areas, not actual islands)
  • Mogollon Plateau
  • Mogollon Rim
  • Mojave Desert
  • Valley
  • Navajo Nation (American Indian reservation)
  • Monument
  • Northeast Arizona
  • Oak Creek Canyon
  • Phoenix Metropolitan Area
  • San Francisco Volcanic Field
  • Sonoran Desert
  • U.S./Mexico Border Region
  • Verde Valley
  • White Mountains

Arizona’s population has exploded over the last century, especially since the invention of air conditioning made its climate more tolerable for the average person. It is currently the sixteenth most populated state in the U.S. with nearly six million, four hundred thousand people.

Major Cities : The most populated city by far is Arizona’s capital, Phoenix, with greater than four million people living in its metropolitan area. Most of the top ten most populated cities in the state are actually suburbs of Phoenix. The next most important city is Tucson, followed by the city of Yuma in the far southwestern corner of the state.

Story Behind the Name : The name “Arizona” most likely comes from a Spanish term. Many people think that it was taken from a Native American name that meant “small spring,” or from a Spanish phrase meaning “arid zone.” Most early uses of the name “Arizona” applied to local communities, and not the entire territory. The Confederate South was the first government to refer to the future state as Arizona.

History and Colonization : European colonization was slower to come to Arizona than most other places in the current United States. The harsh climate and distant location meant that the native population far outnumbered foreign settlers until well into the nineteenth century. Spanish and Italian explorers were the first Europeans to come to the area in the sixteenth century, but most of the earliest Europeans to set up actual communities there were Christian missionaries. Even today, Arizona has one of the most numerous populations of Native American citizens (the Navajo Nation, located mostly in Arizona, is home to the largest remaining Native American tribe).

Arizona was a part of the Mexican territory called Alta California, which Mexico acquired when it achieved independence from the
Spanish in the early nineteenth century. The United States would later gain possession of Alta California by defeating Mexico in the Mexican-American War. The region that is now the state of Arizona was originally part of the New Mexico Territory (along with the present state of New Mexico). As this corridor of land was a major route to the state of California, the question of who would control it proved to be a contentious one.

During the 1860s, the North and the South of the United States were engaged in a political struggle over whether the newest territories would allow slavery or not. When this tension erupted into the Civil War, the Confederacy claimed the southern part of the New Mexico Territory as the Confederate Territory of Arizona, which was the first time the name “Arizona” was used in an official context. The Union achieved decisive victories in the territory, however, and the Confederates were not able to control it. Shortly afterwards, the New Mexico Territory was split, creating a new Arizona Territory that more or less matched the current borders of the state.

Arizona was admitted as the 48th state in 1912, the last colonial territory in continental North America to become part of an established nation. Its earliest industries included mining and agriculture, but the population began to spike up beginning in the 1930s with the establishment of Arizona’s successful tourism industry. Romanticism surrounding America’s Old West drew many to the state, as well as the gorgeous landscapes and world-famous landmarks such as the Grand Canyon. Today, Arizona has one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States.

Arizona Facts & Trivia :

  1. Arizona is a right-to-work state. The statute lays down that no individual should be refused the chance to get or keep his/her service only since he or she is not an affiliate in a worker's union.

  2. The Arizona trout is exclusively seen in the state of Arizona.

  3. The official state flower is the saguaro cactus blossom. The color of the flower is white and it blossoms on the top of the saguaro cactus in the months of May and June. The saguaro cactus is the biggest variety of cactus in North America.

  4. Arizona is the main producer of copper in the United States.

  5. The official state fossil is the petrified wood. The greater part of petrified woods is derived from the Petrified Forest in the northeastern areas of the state.

  6. The official state neckwear is the bola tie.

  7. The official state tree is the Palo Verde. The name signifies green stick and the tree blossoms a magnificent yellow-gold flower in April or May.

  8. The official state bird is the cactus wren. It is 7 to 8 inches in length and the bird prefers to make nests for safeguarding from prickly xerophytic plants such as the tentacles of the huge saguaro cactus.

  9. The official state gemstone is the turquoise. The color of the stone is bluish green and it features a slightly ceraceous exterior and is seen across the state.

  10. Arizona houses the famous Grand Canyon National Park.

  11. The official state mammal is the ringtail. It is a small creature and has some similarities with the fox. The length is around 2.5 feet and it is a timid, night-time animal.

  12. The quantity of copper on the top of the Capitol Building is equal to that of 4,800,000 cents.

  13. Arizona constantly maintains Mountain Standard Time (MST). The only exemption is the Navajo Nation, lying in the northeastern parts of the state, which maintains the daylight savings time variation.

  14. The warship USS Arizona was named to pay homage to the state. The warship was equipped for service in 1913 and inaugurated at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in 1915.

  15. During the Second World War, a large number of armed forces staff were instructed at Thunderbird and Luke airfields, Glendale.

  16. The flag of Mexico, the Burgundian and Castilian flags of Spain, the flag of the United States, and the flag of the Confederacy - all of them have been hoisted over the territory which is currently known as Arizona.

  17. The Southern Pacific Railroad joined Arizona with the states of the eastern U.S. in 1926.

  18. The geographical core of Arizona is located at 55 miles southeast of Prescott.

  19. The state of Arizona is primarily rich in copper.

  20. Bisbee is nicknamed the Queen of the Copper Mines, and it is situated in Tombstone Canyon. Throughout its excavation background, Bisbee was the biggest city amid San Francisco and Saint Louis.

  21. The most famous natural wonders of Arizona include the Havasu Canyon, Grand Canyon, Lake Powell/Rainbow Bridge, Grand Canyon Caves, Monument Valley, Petrified Forest/Painted Desert, Meteor Crater, Sunset Crater, Salt River Canyon, Sedona Oak Creek Canyon, Picacho Peak State Park, Superstition Mountains, Chiricahua National Monument, Saguaro National Park, and the Colorado River.

  22. The state official amphibian is the Arizona tree frog. It is essentially between 3/4 to two inches long.

  23. Previously, Jerome was a disorderly copper mining settlement. The number of people living in the city declined to as low as 50 once the pits were shut down in 1953.

  24. The actual London Bridge was transported stone-by-stone and rebuilt in Lake Havasu City.

  25. Window Rock is the capital of the Navajo Reservation.

  26. The rainfall of the state differs significantly. The average rainfall every year at Flagstaff is 18.31 inches. In Phoenix, it is 7.64 inches and in Yuma, it has been measured at 3.27 inches.

  27. Grazing land covers 57%, harvesting areas 2%, jungles 24%, and other areas cover 17% of the territory of the state.

  28. The ridge-nosed rattlesnake in the state is probably the most stunning of the 11 varieties of rattlesnakes seen in AZ.

  29. The official state colors are gold and blue.

  30. There is a natural spring in Fountain Hills, which is assumed to be the highest in the world.

  31. Four Corners is known as the only place in the U.S. where anyone can stand in four states simultaneously.

  32. The number of years a saguaro cactus is going to live is decided by its length.

  33. The Apache trout is regarded an endangered class according to the Federal Endangered Species Act.

  34. Among all the states in the U.S., Arizona is home to the biggest share of its territory earmarked and assigned as Indian territories.

  35. The tallest peak of the state is Mount Humphreys, which is located to the north of Flagstaff. The mountain is 12,643 feet high.

  36. The Hopi Indians of the state are famous for cultivating their multihued corn.

  37. Phoenix is the birthplace of Barry Goldwater, a renowned diplomat, legislator, and presidential contestant.

  38. Taliesin West, the studio of the famous designer Frank Lloyd Wright, was constructed close to Phoenix in 1939.

  39. The first Indian colony in the U.S. is the Oraibi. It was set up by the Hopis Indians.

  40. Flaming Gorge of Grand Canyon derived its name from its glowing orange and red tinted, 1200 feet tall fences.

  41. Disaster Falls of Grand Canyon was named to remember the location of a former voyager’s shipwreck.

  42. Marble Canyon of Grand Canyon derived its name from its 1,000 feet thick bed of sandstone and for its fences worn away to a smoothened glass coating.

  43. On February 14, 1912, Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state.

  44. Kitts Peak National Observatory houses the biggest solar telescope in the world. The observatory is situated at the city of Sells.

  45. Formerly, camels were utilized to carry commodities throughout Arizona.

  46. Father Eusebio Kino concentrated on regional missionary activities from 1692 to 1711. Throughout this period, a number of grain & stock farms were started.

  47. The demonym of Arizona is Arizonan.

  48. Phoenix started off as a food supply base in 1866 for providing to Camp McDowell.

  49. Yuma is the birthplace of Ceasar Estrada Chavez, the noted trade union leader.

  50. Ruby, Tombstone, Gunsight, and Gillette, are some of the deserted towns spread across the state.

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Last Updated on: October 3rd, 2017