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Top Ten Largest Deserts in the World

The map below shows the locations of the ten largest deserts in the world, including the Sahara Desert and the Arabian Desert.


Top Ten Largest Deserts Map

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Description : Map shows top ten countries by largest deserts in the world. Disclaimer

Checkout : Interesting facts about Gobi Desert



Deserts are areas that receive little precipitation, classified as an area that receives less that 250 millimeters (10 inches) of annual precipitation on average.
The classification also takes into account the potential evapotranspiration, or the amount of water that could be evaporated in the region. Because of the lack of precipitation, deserts are often dry and barren in landscape, and commonly thought of as having hot climates. However, deserts can be hot or cold, and they exist in regions all across the world. The largest two deserts on Earth are both cold deserts, which are covered in ice and snow.

The largest deserts in the world are polar deserts: the Antarctic Desert and the Arctic Desert. The Antarctic Desert covers an area of 13,829,430 square kilometers over the South Pole. Antarctica is the most extreme continent on Earth, as the coldest, driest and windiest place in the world ,and the highest elevation. The Arctic Desert is the northernmost region of the Earth, covering the North Pole over 12,726,937 square kilometers. The Arctic Desert is partially located in the United States, Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and Russia.

The third largest desert in the world, and the largest non-polar desert is the Sahara. Situated in North Africa, the Sahara makes up parts of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. The Sahara spans over 9,400,000 square kilometers across the continent, and is the world's hottest desert.

The Arabian Desert is the fourth largest desert in the world, with an area of about 2,330,000 square kilometers. The Arabian Desert is situated on the Arabian peninsula, and makes up parts of Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Both the Sahara and Arabian Deserts are known for their sand and sand dunes, which are typical images of desert landscapes.

The fifth largest desert on Earth is Asia's Gobi Desert. Situated in northwestern China and southern Mongolia, the Gobi Desert was created as a rain shadow from the tall Himalayan Mountains, which prevent rain from reaching Gobi.

The Kalahari Desert is a subtropical desert in southern Africa, covering 900,000 square kilometers in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The Kalahari Desert ranks sixth in terms of largest deserts by area in the world.

South America's Patagonian Desert is the seventh largest desert, at 670,000 square kilometers. The Patagonian Desert is located in Argentina and Chile, between the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Great Victoria Desert is next on the list, ranking eighth. The Great Victoria Desert spans about 647,000 square kilometers of Australia.

The Syrian Desert has an area of about 520,000 square kilometers, and is situated in Iraq, Jordan, and Syria.

The Great Basin Desert in the United States is the tenth largest desert in the world, covering an area of 492,000 square kilometers.




Checkout : Interesting facts about Sahara Desert


  World Top 10 Largest Deserts  
S.No.DesertContinent/CountryArea (km2)
1Antarctic DesertAntarctica 13829430
2ArcticAlaska, Canada, Greenland,
Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia
13726937
3Sahara DesertAfrica9100000
4Arabian DesertArabian Peninsula 2330000
5Gobi DesertChina and Mongolia 1300000
6Kalahari DesertSouth Africa, Botswana, Namibia 900000
7Patagonian DesertArgentina 670000
8Great Victoria DesertAustralia 647000
9Syrian DesertNorth Arabian Peninsula520000
10Great Basin DesertUnited States 492000