About Arizona Map - Situated in the Southwestern region of the United States, Arizona is the sixth largest and 15th most populous state of the country. It is one of the Four Corner States and has Utah, Nevada, California, New Mexico, and Mexico as its neighbors.
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Arizona is a state in the United States located in the southwestern region. Arizona is otherwise known as the Grand Canyon State as this is the home of the Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the 7 wonders of the natural world. The state is the 6th largest in terms of land area and the 15th most populous. Its capital is the city of Phoenix, which is also its largest. The name Arizona is taken from the O'Odham name ali-sonah, which means small spring.
Numerous Native American tribes inhabited the region of Arizona hundreds of years before official statehood. Among the tribes that dominated the land were the Hokoham, the Mogollon, and the Anazasi. The first European to set foot in the region was Marcos de Niza - a Franciscan who claimed the land for Spain in 1539. The next explorer to arrive was Spanish explorer Coronado, who traveled the region from 1540 to 1542. In 1690, Father Kino, a member of the Society of Jesus, came to the region of Arizona on a mission to convert the Native American Indians located in the Pimeria Alta to Christianity.
From 1752 to 1775, the Spanish established towns in Tubac and Tucson. When Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1821, the region became part of their territory known as Alta California. When the Mexican War ended in 1848, the United States were able to gain all of Arizona, becoming a US territory.
The region became the 38th state admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912.
Arizona is famous for its large variety of geographical features. Noted for the desert climate in the southern half of the state, the state has an abundance of mountains and plateaus, deserts, rivers, and lakes.
Arizona is also one of the country's Four Corner states. The Four Corners location is the only area of the US where four states meet at a common point.
Arizona is bordered by Utah to the north, Mexico to the South, Nevada to the northwest, California to the West, New Mexico to the east, and Colorado to the northeast.
Arizona is one of the most popular states to visit in the US. The state offers incredible land formations, cactus deserts, red canyons, man-made attractions, historical monuments, and vibrant cities. Among the most popular attractions are the Grand Canyon, the Hoover Dam, the Saguaro National Park, the Barringer Crater, and the Montezuma Castle.
The Grand Canyon is one of America's most recognizable and iconic attractions. This massive canyon was formed over millions of years by the Colorado River, and has marvelous land formations unlike any other in the whole world. The Hoover Dam is another American icon, which is regarded as an American engineering marvel. The Saguaro National Park is 91,000 acres of desert located in Tucson, offering historic sites and wildlife viewing. The Barringer Crater or Meteor Crater was formed over 40,000 years ago and is the best known and best-preserved meteor impact crater on earth. The Montezuma Castle found near Camp Verde is one of the country's best-preserved cliff dwellings. This 12th century 5-story building structure has 20 rooms, and greatly resembles a modern-day apartment complex.
There are over 200 local school districts in Arizona, with 3 public universities. These universities are Arizona State University, which is one of the largest in the US, University of Arizona, and Northern Arizona University. The state also has a wide network of 2-year vocational institutions, and community colleges.
Last Updated : October 09, 2014
Official Name arizona
Official LanguageEnglish ( Spoken : English, Spanish, Navajo)
Time ZoneMountain: UTC-7
U.S. SenatorJohn McCain, Jeff Flake
AbbreviationAZ, Ariz. US-AZ
Joined the UnionFebruary 14, 1912 (48th)
NicknameGrand Canyon State
Highest PointHumphreys Peak
Lowest PointColorado River