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Political Map of Japan



Political Map of Japan with Province Boundaries and National Capital

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Description : Japan Political map showing the international boundary, prefectures boundaries with their capitals and national capital. Disclaimer








Background:
Japan is a nation of rich cultural heritage and many natural wonders. Referred to as 'The Land Of The Rising Sun', Japan has become the epicenter of international trade and finance with the technological advances made by the Japanese and by Japanese companies.
 Location of Japan:
Situated in East Asia, Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. It is surrounded by the North Pacific Ocean to the east, Sea of Japan to the west, and East China Sea and Philippine Sea to the south. China, North Korea, South Korea, and Russia share maritime boundaries with Japan. Japan's Geographic Coordinates are 35.41⁰ N and 135.83⁰E.

Economy and Agriculture
Japan's economic growth after World War II has been phenomenal. The shrewd government policies and dedicated work culture have propelled the country's economy to great heights.

For three decades from 1960's to 1980's Japan's real economic growth had been remarkable. In the 1990's however, Japan faced an economic crisis. with government spends having been promptly cut and investments made, the economy recovered again in 2009-2010.

  Japan's Time Line  
30,000BC  Earliest Known Inhabitation of Japan
535 ADContact with Korea and China introducs Buddhism
710ADJapan's First Permanent Capital Founded At Nara
 Golden Age of Japan starts with the beginning of Nara period.
784 ADHein Period follows
1192Yoritomo of Minamoto clan sets up military government known as Shogunate
1543Portuguese enter Japan for trade
1603-1867Tokugawa period starts
1633Foreigners banned; trade with foreign countries suspended
1853US demands reopening of trade
1867Edo Shogunate fails
1868Meiji Emperor ascends the throne
1894Japan and China go to war
1904Russia and Japan go to war
1912Meiji Emperor dies
1914In world war I, Japan joins British Allies
1940Japan become allies with Germany and Italy in Second World War
1945Two Japanese cities bombed by USA (Hiroshima and Nagasaki)- only known use of nuclear bombs in a war
1947Japan signs peace treaties with United States and other countries
1952Japan regains full independence
1956Liberal Democratic party formed
1956Japan becomes member of United Nation
1982Japanese automaker (Honda) opens their first plant in US
1993Seven Party coalition government formed
1994Coalition government collapses, LDP and socialist support new administration takes over.
2011Earthquake hits Japan, followed by Tsunami causing a nuclear disaster
2011China overtakes Japanese economy, pushing Japan to the fourth position.

Unfortunately Japan suffered again in 2011 due to a major earthquake and Tsunami, forcing Japan's position down to 4th largest economy in the world. Japan has a GDP (PPP) of $4.389 trillion (2011 est.) Japan's agriculture sector is small and highly subsidized. Its major agricultural products are rice, fish, vegetables, dairy products etc. Japan imports about 60% of its food and its industrial sector also heavily imports its fuel and raw materials. PM Noda has currently proposed to open service sector and agricultural sector to foreign competition to boost its export.

Political History and Divisions
Japan has a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary government, with the Prime Minster as the head of the government. Role of the monarch is mainly ceremonial. After the death of Meiji emperor in 1912 followed by the world wars, the reign of monarchs almost ended. By 1952, Japan had regained its full independence and in 1956 Liberal Democratic Party was formed. By this time constitutional monarchy was completely taken over by the parliamentary government. Japanese government has two houses; House of Representatives and House of Councilors. Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, which are further divided into cities. Each prefecture has a governor and an assembly elected by the people. There are about eight to nine informal geographic regions in Japan, which do not serve any political purpose.

Major Cities of Japan
Tokyo: Tokyo is actually a prefecture and a metropolis with 23 municipal wards. It is also the capital of Japan and is the seat of Japanese government. Considered the third pillar of world economy after New York and London, Tokyo is also one of the most expensive cities of the world.

Yokohama:  It is the capital of Kanagawa prefecture and the second largest city of the country by population. It is also a major commercial hub of the country.

Osaka:  This is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. This city is the third largest of the country and is also one of the command centers of Japan's economy.

Kyoto: It is the capital of Kyoto Prefecture. It is also one of the academic centers of the country. Kyoto has the second largest transportation station in the country.

Beside the above mention cities Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe, Kawasaki, Saitama, Hiroshima etc, are also prominent cities of Japan.

PrefecturePopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)RegionCapital
Aichi7,043,3005,1051,971ChubuNagoya
Akita1,189,27911,6094,482TohokuAkita
Aomori1,475,7289,6143,712TohokuAomori
Chiba5,926,2855,1031,970KantoChiba
Ehime1,493,0925,6642,187ShikokuMatsuyama
Fukui828,9444,1881,617ChubuFukui
Fukuoka5,015,6994,9341,905KyushuFukuoka
Fukushima2,126,93513,7815,321TohokuFukushima
Gifu2,107,70010,5964,091ChubuGifu
Gumma2,024,8526,3562,454KantoMaebashi
Hiroshima2,878,9158,4533,264ChugokuHiroshima
Hokkaido5,683,06278,51530,315HokkaidoSapporo
Hyogo5,550,5748,3623,229KinkiKobe
Ibaraki2,985,6766,0872,350KantoMito
Ishikawa1,180,9774,1961,620ChubuKanazawa
Iwate1,416,18015,2775,898TohokuMorioka
Kagawa1,022,8901,877725ShikokuTakamatsu
Kagoshima1,786,1949,1493,532KyushuKagoshima
Kanagawa8,489,9742,384920KantoYokohama
Kochi813,9497,1062,744ShikokuKochi
Kumamoto1,859,3447,3832,851KyushuKumamoto
Kyoto2,644,3914,6121,781KinkiKyoto
Mie1,857,3395,7742,229KinkiTsu
Miyagi2,365,3207,2882,814TohokuSendai
Miyazaki1,170,0077,7342,986KyushuMiyazaki
Nagano2,215,16813,5855,245ChubuNagano
Nagasaki1,516,5234,0981,582KyushuNagasaki
Nara1,442,7953,6921,425KinkiNara
Niigata2,475,73312,5774,856ChubuNiigata
Oita1,221,1406,3312,444KyushuOita
Okayama1,950,8287,0792,733ChugokuOkayama
Okinawa1,318,2202,244866RyukyuNaha
Osaka8,805,0811,845712KinkiOsaka
Saga876,6542,416933KyushuSaga
Saitama6,938,0063,7991,467KantoSaitama
Shiga1,342,8324,0161,551KinkiOtsu
Shimane761,5036,6272,559ChugokuMatsue
Shizuoka3,767,3937,7703,000ChubuShizuoka
Tochigi2,004,8176,4142,476KantoUtsunomiya
Tokushima824,1084,1441,600ShikokuTokushima
Tokyo12,064,1012,145828KantoTokyo
Tottori613,2893,4921,348ChugokuTottori
Toyama1,120,8514,2521,642ChubuToyama
Wakayama1,069,9124,7221,823KinkiWakayama
Yamagata1,244,1479,3253,600TohokuYamagata
Yamaguchi1,527,9646,0902,351ChugokuYamaguchi
Yamanashi888,1724,4631,723ChubuKofu
47 divisions126,925,843372,273143,732 

Note  : - Population: 2000-10-01 census.

Last Updated On : November 15, 2012