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Geography of Japan



Japan has a wide geographical variety. It is located on the Pacific ocean and in the eastern side of China, Korea and Russia. Japan is an island country that is comprised of more than three thousand islands. Among these several islands there are four main islands that comprises at least 97% of the total land area in Japan.

These four mail islands are, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku. Among these four islands, Hokkaido is situated at the extreme northern part of Japan and Kyushu, in the southern most part of the country. In the geography of Japan moreover we see that the country is surrounded by many oceans and seas. In the northern part there is the Sea of Okhotsk. In the south west part there is the East China Sea. The east and south part of Japan is bordered by Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan and the Korea Strait border the west part of the Country.

Japan, because of its wide variety of geography has several kind of land patterns also.

Most of the islands and land areas in Japan are full of steep mountains , plains, natural lakes volcanoes and hot springs. As most of the land part are covered with land that cannot be cultivated because of the presence of mountains, most of the populations of Japan reside in the areas near the coastal lands. Japan is the home to a population which the tenth largest in the whole world and the regarding the density of population Japan stands out to be the thirstiest country in the world.

Japan is situated in the Pacific Ocean in an area known as the 'Ring of Fire', where there are several volcanoes. Moreover the place is also the meeting place of several tectonic plates. As a result, when these plates move, it creates earthquakes in Japan. Sometime, these earthquakes in the ocean results in huge and fatal tsunamis that severely damages various areas and population in Japan. Japan has many volcanoes also. Its highest mountain peak, known as Mount Fuji, is nothing but a volcano, the last eruption of which took place in the year 1707.

Japan has a number of small and swift flowing rivers due to the presence of many mountains making navigation almost impossible. This country has a very limited natural resources also. Japan's climate is also varied like its geography. In several part and islands of Japan, several climate can be observed.

Last Updated Date: October 13, 2016


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